Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Freethinking Cultural NationalistA Life History of Rahul Sankrityayan$

Alaka Atreya Chudal

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199466870

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466870.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 June 2018

(p.304) Selected Bibliography

(p.304) Selected Bibliography

Source:
A Freethinking Cultural Nationalist
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Rahul Sankrityayan’s Works

In Hindi

1931. Buddha caryā. Sarnath: Mahabodhi Sabha.

1942a. Bauddh darśan. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1942b. Darśan digdarśan. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1946. Merī Jīvan Yātrā [MJY]. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1950. Ādi Hindī kī kahāniyā̃ aur gītẽ. Patna: Rahul Pustak Pratisthan.

1952. Bauddha saṃskṛti. Calcutta: Adhunik Pustak Bhavan.

1956. Mahāmānav Buddha. Lucknow: Buddha Vihar.

1957a. Dohā koś by Siddha Sarahapād, edited and re-translated by Rahul Sankrityayan. Patna: Bihar Rastra Bhasha Parishad.

1957b. Jinkā maĩ kr̥tajñ [JMK]. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1957c. Navdīkṣit bauddh. Lucknow: Buddha Vihar.

1960. Siṃhal ghumakkaṛ Jayavardhan. Delhi: Rajpal and Sons.

1961. Siṃhal ke vīr. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1963. Dharmaratna ‘Yami’. Kathmandu: Shankar Bahadur K.C.

1990 (VS). Tibbat mẽ savā varṣ [TMSV]. New Delhi: Sharada Mandir.

1994. Pā̃c bauddh dārśnik. New Delhi: Vani Prakashan.

1995. Yātrā ke panne [YKP]. New Delhi: Bharatiya Prakashan Sansthan.

1998a. Kanailā kī kathā. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

1998b. Rāhul-vāṅmaya: Jīvan yātrā, 4 vols, edited by Kamala Sankrityayan. Delhi: Radhakrishna Prakashan. Vol. 1 (MJY-1); Vol. 2 (MJY-2); Vol. 3 (MJY-3 and MJY-4); and Vol. 4 (MJY-5 and JY-6).

2003. Jīne ke lie [JKL]. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2004a. Bhāgo nahī̃ (duniyā ko) badlo [BNDB]. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2004b. Ghumakkaṛ śāstra. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal

2004c. Kārl Mārks. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2004d. Rāṣṭrabhāṣā Hindī. Delhi: Radhakrishna Prakashan.

2004e. R̥gvaidik ārya. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal. (p.305)

2005a. Islām dharm kī rūprekhā. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2005b. Jay yaudheya. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2005c. Siṃh senāpati. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2005d. Vismr̥t yātrī. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

December 2006–November 2007a. ‘Ambedkar: Navdīkṣit Bauddh’. Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 33–42.

December 2006–November 2007b. ‘Buddh kā darśan’, Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 27–32.

December 2006–November 2007c. ‘Dā. Ambedkar: Vajrādapi Kaṭhorāṇi’. Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 31–32.

2006a. Bāisvī̃ sadī [BS]. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2006b. Sone kī ḍhāl. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

2007a. Eśiyā ke durgam bhūkhaṇḍõ mẽ. Delhi: Bharatiya Prakashan Sansthan.

2007b. Volgā se Gaṅgā. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

In English

1970. ‘Buddhist Dialectics’. Buddhism: The Marxist Approach. Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.

1984. Selected Essays of Rahul Sankrityayan. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.

In Sanskrit

1943. Pramāṇavārttikam (Svārthānumānaparicchedaḥ) by Dharmakīrti, edited and completed by Rahul Sankrityayan. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.

Other Works

Hindi, Nepali, Sanskrit, and Newari Books and Articles

Ācārya, Narendra Dev. 2010. Rāṣṭrīytā aur samāvād. New Delhi: National Book Trust.

Ātreya, Viṣṇurāj. 2066a VS. ‘Rāhul, Rā̃cī, Devkoṭā ra pāgal kavitā’. Nepālī (200): 566–74.

———. 2066b VS. Ek Devkoṭā anek āyām. Kathmandu: Himalaya Book Stall.

Bajrācārya, Madan ‘Sen’. 1989 [1109 Nepāl Saṃvat]. Lok mye munāmi Māndās Tulādharyā jīvanī. Kathmandu: Nepalese Folklore Society.

Bhaṭṭācārya, Abhijīt. 2005. Mahāpaṇdit Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan ke vyaktitvāntaraṇ kī prakriyā. Calcutta: Anand Prakashan. (p.306)

Bhaṭṭācārya, Rāmkr̥ṣṇa. 1993 (January–March). ‘Rāhul kī vaicārik yātrā: Buddha se Mārks tak’, Samkālīn sṛjan (15): 105–12.

Bhaṭṭarāī, Ghaṭarāj. 2051 VS. Pratibhāi pratibhāra Nepālī sāhitya. Kathmandu: Ekta Books Distributors.

Bhārtīya, Bhavānīlāl, ed. 1987a. Svāmī Śraddhānand granthāvalī 8. Delhi: Vijaya Kumār, Govindarām Hāsānand.

———. 1987b. Svāmī Śraddhānand granthāvalī 11. Delhi: Vijaya Kumār, Govindarām Hāsānand.

Bhikṣu Sudarśan. 2022 VS. Nepāle Rāhul. Kathmandu: Nepal Bharat Sanskritik Kendra.

Brahmānand, ed. 1971. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: vyaktiva evaṃ kr̥titva. Delhi: Hariyana Prakashan.

Caṭṭopādhyāya, Baṅkimcandra. 2006. Ānand maṭh. Delhi: Rachana Prakashan.

Caturvedī, Paṅkaj. 2011. Ātmkathā kī saṃskr̥ti. New Delhi: Vani Prakashan.

Chudal, Alaka Atreya. 2068 VS. ‘Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan ra Bāisvī̃ sadī’. Racanā 5(117): 34–40.

Gandhi, M.K. 2003. Satya ke prayog athvā ātmkathā, translated by Kashinath Trivedi. Ahmedabad: Navjivan Trust.

Gautam, Paṅkaj. December 2007–November 2008. ‘Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan aur bhāṣā-samasyā’. Abhinavkadam 12(18–19): 239–47.

Ghimire, Mādhav. 2060 VS. Kinnar kinnarī. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Ghimire, Rocak. 1994 (January–February). ‘Mahāpaṇḍit Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan ko Nepāl sambandha’. Madhuparka 26(9): 29–33.

———. 2056 VS. Samjhanāmā phakriekā thũgāharū. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Giri, Narayan. 2066 VS. Viṣvako rūprekhā. Kathmandu: Rajan Timilsina and Narayan Giri.

Kauśalyāyan, Bhadant Ānand. 1992. ‘Dambadiu paṇḍitumā: Vidyālaṅkār mẽ darśan ke mahācārya’. Sāptāhik Hindustān, 30 August, p. 4.

K.C. Surendra. 2065 VS. Nepālmā kamyuniṣt āndolanko itihās (pahilo bhāg). Kathmandu: Vidyarthi Pustak Bhandar.

Lāl, Kaśmīrī. 2006. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan kā kathā sāhitya. Ludhiyana: Unistar.

Mācve, Prabhākar. 2005. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Mammaṭa. 1981. Kāvyaprakāśaḥ: sāhityacūḍāmaṇi-sudhāsāgara-sahitaḥ. Varanasi: Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya.

Miśrā, Kr̥ṣṇa Candra. 1993. ‘Nepāl aur Nepālī ke sacce mitra: Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan’. Sāhityalok (Kathmandu: Hindi Department, Tribhuvan University) 11(1): 1–4.

Mule, Guṇākar. 1993. Svayaṃbhū mahāpaṇḍit. New Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan.

———. 1998. Mahāpaṇḍit Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: jīvnī aur kr̥titva. New Delhi: National Book Trust. (p.307)

Nāgārjun. 1983. Annahīnam kr̥yāhīnam·. Delhi: Vani Prakashan.

Nepāl, Jñānmaṇi. 2057 VS. Paṃ Hemrāj Śarmā: unkā kr̥ti ra samīkṣā. Dang: Mahendra Sanskrit Vishvavidyalaya.

Pāṇḍeya, Anil Kumār, ed. 2006. Dūsrī duniyā sambhav hai. New Delhi: Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan Pratiṣṭhān.

Pāṇḍeya, Harerām. 2011. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: bhārtīya mukti āndolan ke apratim yoddhā. Delhi: Mekhala Prakashan.

Parmānand, Bhāi. 1932. ‘Ek jel se dūsre jel mẽ’. Haṃs 2(7): 17–19.

Pāṭhak, Gajendra. 2005. Hindī navjāgraṇ. Varanasi: Vishvavidyalaya Prakashan.

Pokhrel, Mādhav Prasād, and Suman Dhakāl, eds. 2060 VS. Janaklāl Śarmā kā saṃsmaraṇ. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Prasād, Rājendra. 2007. Ātmkathā. New Delhi: Sasta Sahitya Mandal.

Prasāī, Narendrarāj. 2007. Nārīculī. Kathmandu: Nai Prakashan.

Rahbar, Haṃsrāj. December 2006–November 2007. ‘Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan ek śāndār śāhbalūt’. Abhinav kadam 11(16–17): 278–81.

Rāy, Madan. 1997. Rahul ke kathā sāhitya kā sāmājik sandarbh. New Delhi: Radhakrishna Prakashan.

Rākeś, Rāmdayāl. 2003. Nepāl ke Hindī lekhak. Varanasi: Prachya Prakashan.

Rimāl, Aravinda. 2062 VS. 1997 dekhi 2017 sāl: ek avalokan. Kathmandu: Tanka Prasad Acharya Smriti Pratisthan.

Rimāl, Gopāl Prasād. 2062 VS. Āmāko sapanā. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Śākya, Ratna Sundar. 1998/99 (December/January). ‘Rāhul ko Tibbat yātrā’. The Himalayan Voice. Kathmandu: The Himalayan House: 52–5.

———. 1993. Bauddha r̥ṣi Mahāprajñā. Kathmandu: Nepal Press.

———. 1994. Bauddha jagat kāsmādaraṇīya vyaktitvaharū: dosro bhāg. Kathmandu: Mandas Memorial Publication.

———. 2000. Bauddha jagat kā smaraṇīya vyaktitvaharū: tesro bhāg. Bhaktapur: Vajirayani Lumanti Prakashan.

———. 1992. Bhikkhutrayī: Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan, Ānand Kauśalyāyanra Jagadīś Kaśyap. Bhaktapur: Dharmodaya Sabha.

———. 2046 (VS). ‘Rāhulayā vyaktitva’. Anandabhūmī (Kathmandu: Ananda Kuti Vihar) 17(2): 17–21.

Sama, Bālkr̥ṣṇa. 2026 VS. ‘Paśubali’. Rūprekhā 10(4): 13–15.

———. 2054 VS. Mero kavitā ko ārādhanā. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Sankrityayan, Igor Rahulovich. December 2006–November 2007. ‘Merī Yaśodharā mā̃ Yelenā Sāṅkr̥tyāyan’. Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 295–307.

Sankrityayan, Kamala. 1971. ‘Rāhul sāhitya’. In Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: vyaktitva evaṃ kr̥titva, edited by Dā Brahmānand, pp. 57–67. Delhi: Haryana Prakashan.

———. 1995. Mahāmānav mahāpaṇḍit: saṃsmaraṇ. New Delhi: Radhakrishna Prakashan. (p.308)

Sankrityayan, Kamala. 2025 VS. ‘Mahāpaṇḍit Rāhulle mahākavi Devkoṭāsãga bhet garnuhũdā’. Bhānu 5(12): 431–6.

Sankrityayan, Kamala, and Ravelcand Ānand, eds. 1982. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan ke śreṣṭh nibandh. Delhi: Nagari Printers.

Śarmā, Buddhadev. 2059 VS. ‘Rāhulsãga rumallĩdā’. Juhī 22(2): 20–1.

Śarmā, Janaklāl. 2023 VS. Lalitkalā ra sāhitya. Kathmandu: Educational Enterprise.

———. 2052 VS. Mahākavi Devkoṭā: ek vyaktitva duī racanā. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Śarmā, Viṣṇu Candra. 2002. Samaya sāmyavādī. New Delhi: Vani Prakashan.

Śāstrī, Omprakāś Śarmā. 1971. ‘Rājbhāṣā Hindī aur Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan’. In Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: vyaktitva evaṃ kr̥titv, edited by Dā. Brahmānand, pp. 84–8. Delhi: Haryana Prakashan.

Siṃh, Nāmvar. 2006. ‘Bhāgo nahī̃ (duniyā ko) badlo’. In Dūsrī duniyā saṃbhav hai, edited by Anil Kumār Pāṇḍeya, pp. 20–33 (lecture delivered at India International Centre, New Delhi on 15 November 1995). New Delhi: Mahāpaṇḍit Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan Pratiṣṭhān.

Siṃh, Vīrendra. 1995. Mahāpaṇdit Rāhul samagra mūlyaṅkan. Jayapur: Panchashil Prakashan.

Śivrānī Devī. 1932. ‘Merī giraftārī’. Haṃs 2(7): 97–8.

Snātak, Vijyendra. 2004. Hindī sāhitya kā itihās. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Sotī, Vīrendra Candra. 2006. Ārya evaṃ ārya saṃskr̥ti. Delhi: Pratibha Prakashan.

Śreṣṭha, Dayārām, and Mohan Rāj Śarmā. 2063 VS. Nepālī sāhitya ko saṅkṣipta itihās. Lalitpur: Sajha Prakashan.

Śreṣṭha, Dhīrkumār. 2067 VS. Bāisaũ śatābdī. Kathmandu: Airavati Prakashan.

Śreṣṭha, Kr̥ṣṇamān. 2046 VS.‘Rājnītiko pahilo pāṭh’. In Dharma Ratna ‘Yami’ smr̥ti grantha, pp. 74–5. Kathmandu: Krishna Printers.

Śukl, Rāmeśvar. December 2006–November 2007. ‘Navsaṃskr̥ti puruṣ: Rāhul-jī’. Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 192–6.

Tivārī, Rāmcandra. 2007. Hindī kā gadya-sāhitya.Varanasi: Vishvavidyalaya Prakashan.

Tivārī, Udayanārāyaṇ. 1971. ‘Rāhul-jī kā vyaktitva’. In Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: vyaktitva evaṃ kr̥tit, edited by Dā. Brahmānand, pp. 209–16. Delhi: Hariyana Prakashan.

Tripāṭhī, Śailendra Kumār. December 2006–November 2007. ‘Ḍāyrī ke panne aur Rāhul’. Abhinavkadam 11(16–17): 197–201.

Tulādhar, Rīnā. 2064 VS. ‘Sugat saurabh mahākāvya ra bauddha darśan’. Śāradā 1(11): 74–8.

Urmileś. 1994. Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan: sr̥jan aur saṅgharṣ. New Delhi: Vani Prakashan. (p.309)

Urmileś. December 2007–November 2008. ‘Itihās kī tah mẽ manuṣya kī sr̥janśīltā kī talāś’. Abhinav kadam 12(18–19): 43–50.

Vaidya, Nirañjan Govinda. 2002. ‘Mahāpaṇḍit Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan kī śatvārṣikī par ‘sraddhā suman’. In Rāhul Vimarṣ, edited by Rājendra Rāy, pp. 37–9. Patna: Nepali Vidya Bhavan.

Yādav, Nareś. 2009. Kṣitij: Bhāg 1, 3rd edition. New Delhi: National Council of Educational Research and Training.

Yami, Dharmaratna. 1993. ‘Nepāl ko Rāhul-jī kī den’. Sāhitya lok (Kathmandu: Hindi Department, Tribhuvan University) 11(1): ka.

Newspapers, Periodicals, and Commemoration Volumes or Issues in Hindi

Ājkal. May 1953. New Delhi,

Āzād Hind. 1942–3. Berlin.

Haṃs. 1932, 2(7). Varanasi.

Jansattā. 9 April 1993. New Delhi.

Navbhārat Times. 4 April 1993.

Rāhul Vimarś. 2002. Patna: Nepālī Vidyā Bhavan.

Sāhityalok. 1993. Hindi Department, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Sāptāhik Hindustān. August/September 1993. Pandaha, India.

Journals, Periodicals, Special Volumes, and Commemoration Volumes in Nepali

Bhānu. 2025 VS (trimonthly). Kathmandu.

Dharma Ratna ‘Yami’ smr̥ti grantha. 2046 VS. Kathmandu.

Gorkhapatra. 1923–present (weekly and later daily). Kathmandu.

Kantipur (daily) Kathmandu.

Madhuparka. 1994, 26(9; January–February). Kathmandu.

Nepālī (trimonthly) (200). Kathmandu: Madan Puraskār Pustakālaya.

Rūprekhā. 2026 VS (monthly). Kathmandu.

Śāradā. 2064 VS. Kathmandu.

Suskerā. 2027 VS, 1(2). Kathmandu.

English Books, Articles, Dissertations, and Commemoration Volumes

Ahir, Diwan C. 1993. Himalayan Buddhism Past and Present. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications. (p.310)

Ahir, Diwan C. 2010. Buddhism in India: Rediscovery, Revival and Development. Delhi: Buddhist World Press.

Aiyar, R.P., and L.S. Bhandare. 1945. The Congress Caravan: The History of the Indian National Congress and of India’s Struggle for Swaraj 1885–1945. Bombay: National Youth Publication.

Allinger, Ewa. 2001. ‘Narrative Paintings in 12th–13th Century Manuscripts: An Examination of Photographs Taken by Rāhula Sāṅkrityāyana at the Ṅor Monastery’. Tibet (Journal of Bengal Art) 6: 101–15.

Aloysius, G. 2009. Nationalism without a Nation in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Amin, Shahid. 2003. Event, Metaphor, Memory: Chauri Chaura, 1922–1992. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Anderson, Benedict. 2006. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.

Arnold, David. 2004. ‘The Self and the Cell: Indian Prison Narratives as Life Histories’. In Telling Lives in India: Biography, Autobiography and Life History, edited by David Arnold and Stuart Blackburn, pp. 29–53. Delhi: Permanent Black.

Arnold, David, and Stuart Blackburn. 2004. ‘Introduction’. In Telling Lives in India: Biography, Autobiography and Life History, edited by David Arnold and Stuart Blackburn, pp. 1–28. Delhi: Permanent Black.

Arya, Krishna Singh, and P.D. Shastri. 1987. Swami Dayananda Saraswati: A Study of His Life and Work. Delhi: Manohar.

Bapu, Prabhu. 2013. Hindu Mahasabha in Colonial North India, 1915–1930: Constructing Nation and History. London: Routledge.

Bandurski, Frank. 1994. ‘Übersicht über die Göttinger Sammlungen der von Rāhula Sāṅkr̥tyāyana in Tibet aufgefundenen buddhistischen Sanskrit-Texte (Funde Buddhistischer Sanskrit-Handschriften, III)’. In Untersuchungen zur Buddhistischen Literatur, edited by Frank Bandurski, Bhikkhu Pāsādika, Michael Schmidt, and Bangwe Wang, pp. 9–126. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.

Bayly, Christopher A. 1998. Origins of Nationality in South Asia: Patriotism and Ethical Government in the Making of Modern India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Bechert, Heinz, and Jens-Uwe Hartmann. 1998. ‘Observations on the Reform of Buddhism in Nepal’. Journal of the Nepal Research Centre 8: 1–30.

Berglund, Henrik. 2004. Hindu Nationalism and Democracy. Delhi: Shipra Publications.

Bhattachan, Krishna B. 2005. ‘Nepalese Buddhists’ view of Hinduism’. Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology 9: 47–62.

Billig, Michael. 1999. Banal Nationalism. London: Sage Publications. (p.311)

Blaikie, Norman. 2007. Approaches to Social Enquiry: Advancing Knowledge. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Brass, Paul. 1974. Language, Religion and Politics in North India. London: Cambridge University Press.

Brown, Emily C. 1975. Har Dayal: Hindu Revolutionary and Rationalist. Arizona: The University of Arizona Press.

Chalmers, Rhoderick. 2002. ‘Paṇdits and Pulp Fiction: Popular Publishing and the Birth of Nepali Print-Capitalism in Banaras’. Studies in Nepali History and Society 7(1): 35–97.

———. 2003. ‘“We Nepalis”: Language, Literature and the Formation of a Nepali Public Sphere in India, 1914–1940. Unpublished PhD thesis, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Chatterjee, Partha. 2011a. ‘Nationalist Thought and Colonial India’. In The Partha Chatterjee Omnibus. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———. 2011b. ‘The Nation and Its Fragments’. In The Partha Chatterjee Omnibus. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Chattopadhyaya, Debiprasad. 1975. ‘Introduction’. In Papers of Th. Stcherbatsky, edited by Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, pp. i–xxiv. Soviet Indology Series, no. 2. Calcutta: Indian Studies Past & Present.

Chaturvedi, R.P. 2010. ‘Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan’. In Great Personalities. Agra: Upkar Prakashan.

Chowdhory, Hemendu Bikash, ed. 1994. Mahapandit Rahula Sankrityayana Birth Centenary Volume. Calcutta: Buddha Dharmankur Sabha.

Chudal, Alaka Atreya. 2014. ‘Embodying Nepal’s Geography: Imagery of the Earth and the Sun in Nepali Poetry’. Pandanus’ 14: Nature in Literature, Art, Myth and Ritual 8(2): 47–64.

Dalmia, Vasudha. 1997. The Nationalization of Hindu Traditions: Bhāratendu Hariścandra and Nineteeth-century Banaras. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———. 2010. ‘Introduction: Hindi, Nation and Community’. In Nationalism in the Vernacular: Hindi, Urdu and the literature of Indian Freedom, edited by Shobna Nijhawan, pp. 33–63. Ranikhet: Permanent Black.

Dange, S.A. 1985. ‘Literature and the People’. In Marxist Cultural Movement in India: Chronicles and Documents 1943–1964, edited by Sudhi Pradhan, pp. 3–30. Calcutta: Pustak Bipani.

Das, Sisir Kumar. 1995. A History of Indian Literature 1911–1956: Struggle for Freedom—Triumph and Tragedy. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Dasgupta, Subrata. 2007. The Bengal Renaissance: Identity and Creativity from Rammohun Roy to Rabindranath Tagore. Delhi: Permanent Black.

Denzin, Norman K., ed. 1994. Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: Sage Publications. (p.312)

Desai, A.R. 1954. Social Background of Indian Nationalism. Bombay: Popular Book Depot.

Diwakar, R.R. 2001. Bihar through the Ages. Bombay: Orient Longman.

Dwivedi, Mahavir Prasad. 2010. ‘The Present State of Hindi’, translated by Sujata Mody. In Nationalism in the Vernacular: Hindi, Urdu and the literature of Indian Freedom, edited by Shobna Nijhawan, pp. 350–70. Ranikhet: Permanent Black.

Eakin, Paul John. 2008. Living Autobiographically: How We Create Identity in Narrative. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Fischer, Hildegard. 1990. General Simha: Interpretation und Übersetzung Eines Historischen Romans von Rāhul Sāṅkr̥tyāyan. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Fischer-Tiné, Harald. 2004. ‘National Education, Pulp Fiction and the Contradictions of Colonialism: Perceptions of an Educational Experiment in Early-Twentieth-Century India’. In Colonialism as Civilizing Mission: Cultural Ideology in British India, edited by Harald Fischer-Tiné and Michael Mann, pp. 229–47. London: Wimbledon Publishing Company.

Fisher, James F. 1997. Living Martyrs: Individuals and Revolution in Nepal. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Gaenszle, Martin. 2002. ‘Nepali Kings and Kāśī: In the Changing Significance of Sacred Centre’. Studies in Nepali History and Society 7(1): 1–33.

———. 2006. ‘Nepali Places: Appropriations of Space in Banaras’. In Visualizing Space in Banaras: Images, Maps, and the Practice of Representation, edited by Martin Gaenszle and Jörg Gengnagel, pp. 303–23. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Gandhi, Sonia, ed. 2004. Two Alone, Two Together: Letters between Indira Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru 1922–1964. New Delhi: Penguin Viking.

Garzilli, Enrica. 2001. ‘A Sanskrit Letter Written by Sylvain Lévi in 1923 to Hemrāja Śarmā along with some Hitherto Unknown Biographical Notes (Cultural Nationalism and Internationalism in the First Half of the 20th Century: Famous Indologists Write to the Raj Guru of Nepal—No. 1)’. Journal of the Nepal Research Centre XII: 115–49.

Geertz, Clifford. 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books.

Gellner, David N. 1992. Monk, Householder, and Trantik Priest: Newar Buddhism and Its Hierarchy of Ritual. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gellner, Ernest. 1987. Nations and Nationalism. New York: Cornell University Press.

Gerke, Barbara. 1995. ‘Rahulji’s Quest for Tibet’. Paper presented at the International Seminar on the Life and Works of Rahul Sankrityayan at the University of St Petersburg, Russia, October/November 1995.

Ghosh, Suresh Chandra. 2002. Civilisation, Education and School in Ancient and Medieval India, 1500 B.C.–1757 A.D. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. (p.313)

Gopal, Priyamvada. 2009. The Indian English Novel: Nation, History, and Narration. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Gould, William. 2005. Hindu Nationalism and the Language of Politics in Late Colonial India. Delhi: Cambridge University Press.

Grant, Patrick. 2009. Buddhism and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gupta, D.N. 2008. Communism and Nationalism in Colonial India 1939–45. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Gupta, Sumitra. 2005. Impact of Arya Samaj on Society, Education and Indian Freedom Movement. Varanasi: Kishori Vidya Niketan.

Haithcox, John Patrick. 1971. Communism and Nationalism in India: M.N. Roy and Comintern Policy, 1920–1939. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Harder, Hans, ed. 2010. Literature and Nationalist Ideology: Writing Histories of Modern Indian Languages. New Delhi: Social Science Press.

Hobsbawm, Eric J. 1990. Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoy, David C. 1982. The Critical Circle: Literature, History and Philosophical Hermeneutics. Berkeley: University of California.

Hutchinson, John. 1987a. The Dynamics of Cultural Nationalism: The Gaelic Revival and the Creation of the Irish Nation State. London: Allen and Unwin.

———. 1987b. ‘Cultural Nationalism, Elite Mobility and Nation-Building: Communitarian Politics in Modern Ireland’. The British Journal of Sociology 38(4): 482–501.

———. 1999. ‘Re-Interpreting Cultural Nationalism’. Australian Journal of Politics and History 45(3): 392–407.

Hutt, Michael James. 1993. Himalayan Voices: An Introduction to Modern Nepali Literature. Delhi: Motilal Banarasidas Publishers Private Limited.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. 1999. The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics: 1925 to 1990s. New Delhi: Penguin.

———. 2007. ‘Introduction’. In Hindu Nationalism: A Reader, edited by Christophe Jaffrelot, pp. 3–25. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Jayasawal, K.P. 1984. ‘Lost Sanskrit Works Recovered from Tibet’. In Selected Essays of Rahul Sankrityayan, by Rahul Sankrityayan, pp. ix–xix. New Delhi : Peoples Publishing House.

Joireman, Sandra F. 2003. Nationalism and Political Identity. New York and London: Continuum Press.

Jones, Kenneth W. 1989. Socio-religious Reform Movements in British India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 2006. Arya Dharm: Hindu Consciousness in 19th-Century Punjab. Delhi: Manohar. (p.314)

Jordens, J.T.F. 1978. Dāyānanda Sarasvatī: His Life and Ideas. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Khan, Abdul Jamil. 2006. Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide: African Heritage, Mesopotamian Roots, Indian Culture & British Colonialism. New York: Algora Publishing.

King, Christopher R. 1995. One Language, Two Scripts: The Hindi Movement in Nineteenth Century North India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

King, Robert D. 1998. Nehru and the Language Politics of India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———. 2001.‘The Poisonous Potency of Script: Hindi and Urdu’. International Journal of the Sociology of Language (150): 43–59.

Kohn, Hans. 1948 The Idea of Nationalism. New York: The Macmillan Company.

———. 1955. Nationalism: Its Meaning and History. Princeton, New Jersey: Van Nostrand.

Kopf, David. 1979. The Brahmo Samaj and the Shaping of the Modern Indian Mind. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Krishna, Gopal. 1966. ‘The Development of the Indian National Congress as a Mass Organization, 1918–1923’. The Journal of Asian Studies 25(3): 413–30 (http://www.jstor.org/stable/2051999, last accessed 9 February 2016).

Kuppusamy, T.S. 1992. ‘Hindi’. Buddhist Themes in Modern Indian Literature [seminar papers]. Madras: Institute of Indian Studies, publication no. 18: 111–22.

Lal, Guru. 1944. ‘Hindustani—Lingua Franca for India’. Āzād Hind (3/4): 23–7.

Law, Narendra Nath, ed. 1949. Sphuṭārthā abhidharmakośa-vyākhyā of Yaśomitra. London: Luzac and Co.

Levine, Sarah, and David N. Gellner. 2008. Rebuilding Buddhism: The Theravada Movement in Twentieth-Century Nepal. Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Limited.

Lewis, Todd T., and Subarna Man Tuladhar. 2007. Sugatasaurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chitadhar Hr̥daya. Harvard University: The Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies.

Low, D.A. 2004a. ‘Introduction: The Climactic Years 1917–47’. In Congress and the Raj: Facets of the Indian Struggle 1917–47, edited by D.A. Low, pp. 1–45. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———, ed. 2004b. Congress and the Raj: Facets of the Indian Struggle 1917–47. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Machwe, Prabhakar. 1978. Rahul Sankrityayan. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Mandelbaum, D.G. 1973 (June). ‘The Study of Life History: Gandhi’. Current Anthropology 14(3): 177–206. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/2740760, accessed on 6 July 2012.)

Manjapra, Kris. 2010. M.N. Roy: Marxism and Colonial Cosmopolitanism. Delhi: Routledge India. (p.315)

Masselos, Jim. 2005. Indian Nationalism: A History. New Delhi: New Dawan Press.

Mathur, Subh. 2008. The Everyday Life of Hindu Nationalism. New Delhi: Three Essays Collective.

Mendel, Arthur P., ed. 1965. Essential Works of Marxism. New York: Bantam Books.

Mookerjee, Girija. 1942. ‘Political Influence of Some Indian Writers’. Āzād Hind (7/8): 56–63.

Much, Michael Torsten. 1988. A Visit to Rāhula Sāṅkr̥tyāyana’s Collection of Negatives at the Bihar Research Society: Texts from the Buddhist Epistemological School. Vienna: Arbeitskreis für Tibet u. Buddhist Studien, University of Vienna.

Muller-Vollmer, Kurt, ed. 1990. The Hermeneutics Reader. New York: Continuum.

Nehru, Jawaharlal. 1996. The Discovery of India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———. 2004. An Autobiography. New Delhi: Penguin Books.

Nijhawan, Shobna. 2012. Women and Girls in the Hindi Public Sphere: Political Literature in Colonial North India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Orsini, Francesca. 2010. The Hindi Public Sphere 1929–1940: Language and Literature in the Age of Nationalism. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Overstreet, Gene D., and Marshall Windmiller. 1959. Communism in India. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Özkrimli, Umut. 2000. Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Introduction. Macmilllan Press.

Pandeya M.R., and P. Molnar. 1988. ‘The Distribution of Intensity of the Bihar–Nepal Earthquake, 15 January 1934 and Bounds on the Extent of the Rupture Zone’. Journal of Nepal Geological Society 5(1): 22–44.

Pathak. S.K. 1994. ‘Rahul Sankrityayan: A Tibetan Lexicographer’. In Mahapandit Rahula Sankrityayana Birth Centenary Volume, edited by Hemendu Bikash Chowdhury, pp. 27–30. Calcutta: Buddha Dharmankur Sabha.

Patten, Alan. 1999 ‘The Autonomy Arguments for Liberal Nationalism’. Nations and Nationalism 5(1): 1–17.

Pradhan, Sudhi, comp. and ed. 1985. Marxist Cultural Movement in India: Chronicles and Documents 1943–1964. Calcutta: Pustak Bipani.

Prasad, Bimal. 1999. Pathway to India’s Partition. New Delhi: Manohar.

Pruthi, R.K. 2004. Arya Samaj and Indian Civilization. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House.

Rahman, Tariq. 2011. From Hindi to Urdu: A Social and Political History. Karachi: Oxford University Press. (p.316)

Rai, Alok. 2007. Hindi Nationalism. New Delhi: Orient Longman Private Limited.

Rai, Amrit. 1991. A House Divided. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Raj, Prakash A. 1994. Portraits & Photographs from Nepal. Kathmandu: Nabeen Publications.

———. 1996. Brahmins of Nepal. Kathmandu: Nabeen Publications.

———. 2003. Profile of a Nepalese Writer: Life and Work of Prakash A. Raj. Kathmandu: Nabeen Publications.

Renan, Ernst. 1939 [1882]. ‘What Is a Nation?’ In Modern Political Doctrines, edited by A. Zimmern, pp. 186–205. London: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, Brian. 2002. Biographical Research. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Roy, M.N. 1940. Gandhism: Socialism: Nationalism. Calcutta: Bengal Radical Club.

Sarkar, Sumit. 1984. Modern India 1885–1947. Delhi: Macmillan India Limited.

Sengupta, Sagaree. 1994. ‘Krishna the Cruel Beloved: Hariscandra and Urdu’. The Annual of Urdu Studies 9: 82–102.

Shackle C., and R. Snell. 1990. Hindi and Urdu since 1800: A Common Reader. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.

Shafer, Boyd C., 1955. Nationalism: Myth and Reality. New York: A Harvest Book.

———. 1974. Faces of Nationalism: New Realities and Old Myths. New York: Harvest Book.

Sharma, R.S. 2009. Rethinking India’s Past. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

———. 2012. ‘Rahul Sankrityayan and Social Change’. In Recording the Progress of Indian History: Symposia Papers of the Indian History Congress 1992–2010, edited by S.Z.H. Jafri, pp. 209–23. Delhi: Primus Books.

Singh, Lata. 2012. Popular Translations of Nationalism Bihar 1920–1922. Delhi: Primus Books.

Smith, Anthony D. 1975. Nationalism: A Trend Report and Bibliography. The Hague: Mouton.

———. 1998. Nationalism and Modernism. New York: Routledge.

———. 2000. The Nation in History: Historiographical Debates about Ethnicity and Nationalism. UK: Polity Press.

———. 2010. Nationalism. UK: Polity Press.

Smith, Sidonie, and Julia Watson. 2003. Reading Autobiography: A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Smith, William Roy. 1938. Nationalism and Reform in India. London: New Haven, Yale University Press.

Srivastava, Sanjay. 2005. ‘Ghummakkads, a Woman’s Place, and the LTC-walas: Towards a Critical History of “Home”, “Belonging” and “Attachment”’. Contribution to Indian Sociology 39(3): 375–405. (p.317)

Stark, Ulrike. 2007. An Empire of Books: The Naval Kishore Press and the Diffusion of the Printed World in Colonial India. Ranikhet: Permanent Black.

Subedi, Abhi. 1999. Ekai Kawaguchi: The Trespassing Insider. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point.

Tagore, Saumyendranath. 2001. Rammohan Roy: His Role in Indian Renaissance. Kolkata: Asiatic Society.

Tewari, Ramesh Chandra. 1983. ‘Socio-Cultural Aspects of Theravaada Buddhism in Nepal’. The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 6(2): 67–93.

Trautmann, Thomas R. 1997. Aryans and British India. Berkeley: University of California Press.

———. 2005. The Aryan Debate. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Vajpeyi, Ananya. 2012. Righteous Republic: The Political Foundations of Modern India. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

van der Veer, Peter. 1994. Religious Nationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Vyas, M.R. 1942. ‘What is India?’ Āzād Hind 1(1): 11–14.

Whelpton, John. 2011. A History of Nepal. Delhi: Cambridge University Press.

Wolpert, Stanley A. 2002. Gandhi’s Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zavos, John. 2000. The Emergence of Hindu Nationalism in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Zwick, Peter. 1983. Nationalism and Communism. Colorado: West View Press.

Dictionaries

Bahri, Hardev. 2009. Br̥hat śikṣārthī Hindī-Aṅgrejī śabdkoś (vols 1 and 2). Delhi: Rajpal and Sons.

McGregor, Ronald Stuart. 2006. The Oxford Hindi–English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pradhan, Babulall. 2000. Ratna’s Nepali–English–Nepali Dictionary. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.

Turner, R.L. 1980. A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language. New Delhi: Allied Publishers Private Limited.

Online Resources

Oxford Dictionary http://www.oed.com/

Shabdkosh English–Hindi Dictionary http://www.shabdkosh.com/

Nepali Date Converter http://www.rajan.com/calendar/