Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Eighteenth Century in Sikh HistoryPolitical Resurgence, Religious and Social Life, and Cultural Articulation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Karamjit K. Malhotra

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463541.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 20 February 2019

Ethical Concerns of the Khalsa

Ethical Concerns of the Khalsa

(p.170) 5 Ethical Concerns of the Khalsa
The Eighteenth Century in Sikh History

Karamjit K. Malhotra

Oxford University Press

The Sikh and non-Sikh sources together point to the conscious creation of a social order with serious ethical concerns. The Sikh sources quote verses from Guru Granth in support of ethical conduct and values touching all aspects of a Sikh’s personal, communitarian, and social lives: culinary and domestic matters; abstinence from intoxicants, tobacco, sensuality, and illicit relations; preference for honest living, good conduct, truthful and soft speech, and service of others (par-upkār), particularly of the poor, the hungry, and the naked. War ethics of the Khalsa required them not to attack a fugitive and a non-combatant, nor to molest women and make slaves. Catholicity built into the Sikh faith is emphasized, though in the contemporary context, the Sikhs should shun association with ‘Turks’ and ‘Khans’, and the emergent Sikh rulers should encourage all the four varnas to become ‘Singhs’.

Keywords:   Guru Granth, ethical conduct, values, abstinence, honest living, par-upkār, war ethics, catholicity, four varnas, ‘Singhs’

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .