As part of a pact signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin in 1931, political prisoners were released and Gandhi attended the Round Table Conference. The British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald, announced the Communal Award introducing separate electorates for depressed and backward classes and reserving seats for Muslims in every province. The award was rejected by both Gandhi and Abul Kalam Azad. The Government of India Act 1935 paved the way for the first elections, held in February 1937. Azad wanted the Indian National Congress to participate in the elections. This chapter discusses Azad’s conviction that Muslims and Hindus must unite in the struggle for freedom from Britain. It also examines Azad’s views on the Muslim princely states, Wardha scheme and religious education for Muslims, the communal issue, rights of minorities and the Indian Muslims, and the false propaganda of the Muslim League.
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