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Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement$
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Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001

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National Politics

National Politics

(p.124) 7 National Politics
Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Oxford University Press

Abul Kalam Azad spent one year at the Alipur Central Jail, during which Abdur Razzaq Malihabadi gathered material for his book Azad ki Kahani khud unki Zubani (Azadis story as told by him) from his conversations with Azad. Another book, Zikr-e-Azad, narrates Azad’s lifelong association with Malihabadi and several aspects of prison life. While Azad was in prison, the government proposed a settlement with the Indian National Congress if the call for the boycott of the Prince of Wales was withdrawn. Azad and C. R. Das welcomed the proposal, but the negotiations fell through after Mahatma Gandhi imposed conditions which were unacceptable to the British. When Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison, the Non-Cooperation movement gradually fizzled out. This chapter examines Azad’s involvement in national politics, his position regarding India’s relations with its neighbours and Hindu–Muslim unity, and his views on nationalism.

Keywords:   politics, Abul Kalam Azad, Abdur Razzaq Malihabadi, Indian National Congress, C. R. Das, Mahatma Gandhi, Non-Cooperation movement, India, Hindu–Muslim unity, nationalism

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