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Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement$
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Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001

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Fatwa Against the British: Quol-e-Faisal

Fatwa Against the British: Quol-e-Faisal

(p.106) 6 Fatwa Against the British: Quol-e-Faisal
Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Oxford University Press

Abul Kalam Azad delivered fiery speeches in various meetings in which he openly challenged the British government. When he was arrested along with C. R. Das in Calcutta, the national movement became rejuvenated. In a written statement, Quol-e-Faisal, which he presented to the court during his prosecution, Azad told Muslims what their religious duty was. During the Khilafat Conference in Calcutta, he urged Muslims to withdraw their cooperation from government, a call which Mahatma Gandhi transformed into a Non-Cooperation movement. Azad’s followers were made to understand that the struggle for freedom was in accordance with the tenets of Islam. Azad cited many examples from Islamic history about the religious basis of politics.

Keywords:   politics, Abul Kalam Azad, national movement, Quol-e-Faisal, Muslims, Mahatma Gandhi, Non-Cooperation movement, Islam

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