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Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement$
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Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001

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Muslim Politics: Khilafat

Muslim Politics: Khilafat

(p.88) 5 Muslim Politics: Khilafat
Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Oxford University Press

While under house arrest in Ranchi, Abul Kalam Azad finished his magnum opus Tarjuman-ul-Quran and wrote a lengthy article entitled ‘Jama-ash-shawahid fidukhul ghair Muslim fil Masajid’ (Collection of evidences of non-Muslims entering mosques). He also wrote an account of his ancestors called Tazkirah, published by Fazluddin Ahmed. After he was released from Ranchi, Azad thought of retiring to a scholarly life. But because of the crisis facing India,he was thrust into active politics. In 1920, Azad presided over the Bengal Khilafat Conference and joined the implementation committee of the Central Khilafat Committee for Non-Cooperation. This chapter focuses on Azad’s political activism, including his initiative to provide an alternative education for the Calcutta Muslims, his support for Mahatma Gandhi’s call for non-cooperation against the British, and his involvement with the Khilafat movement. It also examines Azad’s prescription for the attainment of independence, his views regarding the Koran and the ulema, and his attitude towards leadership.

Keywords:   Ulema, Abul Kalam Azad, India, politics, political activism, education, Muslims, Mahatma Gandhi, Khilafat movement, independence

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