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Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement$
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Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001

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Guiding the Quom: Tazkirah

Guiding the Quom: Tazkirah

Chapter:
(p.77) 4 Guiding the Quom: Tazkirah
Source:
Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement
Author(s):

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.003.0004

Abul Kalam Azad wrote his first autobiography, Tazkirah, published by his friend and admirer, Fazluddin Ahmed. Intended as an instrument of instruction, Tazkirah highlights Azad’s conviction that he is the Fateh of time, capable of becoming the amir of the karvan of the Muslims of India. Citing the lives of great teachers and scholars as examples, Azad sees himself as the daiyee (guide) or musleh (reformer) for his quom. He attacks the time-serving ulema, claiming that they help perpetrate oppression and act as tools of the state. He argues that the word of the Koran and the Sunnat of the Prophet, and not the ulema-e-duniya parast (world-devoted ulema), is man’s ultimate guidance. In Tazkirah, Azad describes momin-e-kamil (the perfect believer) and cites the Sufis and Salehs as exemplary momins.

Keywords:   quom, Abul Kalam Azad, autobiography, Tazkirah, Fazluddin Ahmed, Muslims, India, ulema, Koran, momins

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