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India's RisksDemocratizing the Management of Threats to Environment, Health, and Values$
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Raphaelle Moor and M.V. Rajeev Gowda

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450459

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450459.001.0001

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Article 39 and Environmental Decision-making in India

Article 39 and Environmental Decision-making in India

(p.27) 2 Article 39 and Environmental Decision-making in India
India's Risks

Leo F. Saldanha

Bhargavi S. Rao

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 critically explores some of the buried policy judgements and assumptions underlying the Indian government’s assessment of risks; particularly how the Indian government’s understanding of ‘progress’ and ‘development’ has shaped the appraisal of risks in environmental decision-making. This chapter begins with an overview of India’s wider political and economic context and points to the tensions between Article 39 in the Constitution of India, which states that development must serve the wider public good, and the government’s policies, which have failed to trickle down to the poor. In some depth it reviews the structure of environmental decision-making in India and draws some damning conclusions from two case studies involving projects of ‘economic, technological, and strategic significance’—Mangalore Airport and POSCO.

Keywords:   environmental decision-making, risk assessment, Article 39, POSCO, Mangalore airport, development, public good

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