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Discoveries from the FortepianoA Manual for Beginners and Seasoned Performers$
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Donna Louise Gunn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199396634

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396634.001.0001

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Accents and Other Expression Marks

Accents and Other Expression Marks

Chapter:
(p.131) Chapter 7 Accents and Other Expression Marks
Source:
Discoveries from the Fortepiano
Author(s):

Donna Louise Gunn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396634.003.0007

The chapter explores how the matchless sound qualities of the fortepiano determine execution of essential Classical Era signs and symbols. Eighteenth-century music notational language is explained to define terms and symbols. Period notation that is considered incongruent or inconsistent today is explained from the eighteenth-century viewpoint. Interpretive period perspective regarding tempo flexibility (including rhetorical rests, fermata, accelerando, ritardando, and rubato) is discussed. Philosophical differences between period understanding and modern understanding are reconciled. Historically informed options are presented. The many definitions of calando are discussed to substantiate the need to access primary sources. Adjustments to meet the needs of the modern piano are suggested. A concluding lesson works through possibilities.

Keywords:   accent, fermata, accelerando, ritardando, rubato, rhetorical rests, tempo flexibility, fortepiano, modern piano

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