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Varieties of Governance in ChinaMigration and Institutional Change in Chinese Villages$
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Jie Lu

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378746.001.0001

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Transformed Social Foundations of Governance in Rural China: Rural–Urban Migration and Social Environments in Chinese Villages

Transformed Social Foundations of Governance in Rural China: Rural–Urban Migration and Social Environments in Chinese Villages

Chapter:
(p.132) Chapter 5 Transformed Social Foundations of Governance in Rural China: Rural–Urban Migration and Social Environments in Chinese Villages
Source:
Varieties of Governance in China
Author(s):

Jie Lu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378746.003.0005

This chapter shows how outward migration has transformed the close-knit social environment and eroded the social foundations for the performance of indigenous relation-based institutions in some Chinese villages. Outward migration induces changes in villagers’ information environment, their responses to possible social sanctions, and perceptions of public authority as well as normative orientations toward collective interests, long-term relationships, and conflict avoidance. Such changes are systematically examined by the use of discrete choice models that combine the 2008 Asian Barometer Survey Mainland China Survey and the 2008 National Village Survey. A case study on changes in the social environment of a village since the People’s Commune era is presented. This case study offers some qualitative and longitudinal evidence of how the social foundations for the effective performance of indigenous relation-based institutions in the village have gradually eroded due to the transformation in the village’s community structure driven by increasing outward migration.

Keywords:   close-knit, social environment, social foundation, relation-based institutions, 2008 Asian Barometer Survey Mainland China Survey, 2008 National Village Survey, longitudinal evidence

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