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Varieties of Governance in ChinaMigration and Institutional Change in Chinese Villages$

Jie Lu

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378746.001.0001

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(p.215) Appendix 4

(p.215) Appendix 4

Source:
Varieties of Governance in China
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.216) (p.217) (p.218)

Table A4.1. Probit Regressions on Chinese Villagers’ Contextualized Choice of Imposed Rule-Based Institutions for Local Governance Issues

Individual features

Conflict Resolution

Disaster and Crisis Relief

Modest Credit and Small Loans

Age

0.001 (0.002)

0.009 (0.002)***

0.005 (0.002)***

Education

–0.005 (0.020)

–0.040 (0.018)**

0.040 (0.019)**

Male

0.006 (0.051)

0.164 (0.047)***

0.208 (0.050)***

Media exposure

0.089 (0.020)***

0.021 (0.018)

0.044 (0.018)**

Migration experience

0.020 (0.081)

–0.175 (0.070)**

0.055 (0.070)

Chinese Communist Party affiliation

–0.183 (0.083)**

0.003 (0.079)

0.057 (0.085)

Economic situation

0.095 (0.036)***

–0.003 (0.033)

–0.002 (0.035)

Community features

Size of population staying in village

–0.109 (0.046)**

–0.128 (0.036)***

–0.167 (0.040)***

Village-level migration

3.921 (0.670)***

2.937 (0.603)***

2.312 (0.659)***

Village-level migration squared

–8.828 (1.837)***

–6.263 (1.620)***

–4.054 (1.763)**

Annual income per capita

0.140 (0.039)***

0.084 (0.033)**

0.086 (0.038)**

Village collective income

–0.011 (0.007)

–0.041 (0.006)***

–0.023 (0.006)***

Distance to the township seat

0.006 (0.039)

0.004 (0.036)

0.152 (0.038)***

Clustered housing

0.158 (0.040)***

0.028 (0.036)

0.145 (0.038)***

A dominant clan

–0.193 (0.083)**

–0.443 (0.084)***

–0.216 (0.084)***

Competing clans

–0.061 (0.079)

–0.257 (0.067)***

–0.295 (0.084)***

Constant

–0.153 (0.404)

–0.535 (0.356)

–1.408 (0.404)***

Model information

F-statistic

F (16, 5906.6) =  6.33***

F (16, 5132.3) =  12.96***

F (16, 5539.6) = 8.21***

Number of strata

34

Number of PSUs

127

Source: 2008 ABSMCS Rural Subpopulation (N = 4,127).

Note: Coefficients are averaged results over the estimation of five imputed datasets.

Averaged robust standard errors in parentheses, corrected for complex sampling.

*p < 0.1

(**) p < 0.05

(***) p < 0.01.

Table A4.2. Probit Regressions on Villagers’ Evaluations of Grassroots Democracy

Individual features

Effectiveness of Village Elections

Grassroots Democracy as the Most Effective Means of Supervising Village Cadres

Age

0.002 (0.002)

–0.001 (0.002)

Education

–0.061 (0.017)***

0.029 (0.018)

Male

0.034 (0.049)

0.002 (0.055)

Media exposure

–0.025 (0.021)

0.008 (0.020)

Migration experience

–0.134 (0.087)

–0.199 (0.069)***

Chinese Communist Party affiliation

0.047 (0.076)

0.197 (0.081)**

Economic situation

0.189 (0.032)***

0.017 (0.037)

Political interest

0.024 (0.039)

–0.052 (0.042)

Internal political efficacy

0.086 (0.062)

0.026 (0.056)

Satisfaction with democracy in China

0.303 (0.043)***

0.253 (0.049)***

Community features

Size of population staying in village

–0.045 (0.038)

–0.119 (0.040)***

Village-level migration

1.209 (0.641)*

1.804 (0.691)**

Village-level migration squared

–3.830 (1.774)**

–6.347 (1.885)***

Annual income per capita

0.055 (0.036)

0.038 (0.035)

Village collective income

–0.016 (0.038)

–0.007 (0.008)

Distance to the township seat

0.011 (0.038)

–0.023 (0.040)

Clustered housing

0.002 (0.037)

0.054 (0.045)

A dominant clan

–0.173 (0.074)**

0.051 (0.102)

Competing clans

–0.136 (0.066)**

–0.231 (0.082)***

Constant

0.661 (0.395)*

1.626 (0.386)

Model information

F-statistic

F (19, 1113.0) =  6.76***

F (19, 660.4) =  4.02***

Number of strata

34

Number of PSUs

127

Source: 2008 ABSMCS Rural Subpopulation (N = 4,127).

Note: Coefficients are averaged results over the estimation of five imputed datasets.

Averaged robust standard errors in parentheses, corrected for complex sampling.

(*) p < 0.1

(**) p < 0.05

(***) p < 0.01.