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Private GovernanceCreating Order in Economic and Social Life$
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Edward Peter Stringham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199365166

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199365166.001.0001

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Bundling Private Governance with Bricks and Mortar

Bundling Private Governance with Bricks and Mortar

Private Policing in California, North Carolina, and Beyond

(p.113) chapter 8 Bundling Private Governance with Bricks and Mortar
Private Governance

Edward Peter Stringham

Oxford University Press

In addition to helping facilitate exchange, private governance protects physical property rights. During the early days of the Gold Rush, San Francisco lacked a public police force, and even after one was created in 1850, it was considered corrupt and as bad as the criminals. Rather than do nothing, merchants created a system of private police. San Francisco had 1,000 private police by 1900 and still has a network of independent firms now known as the Patrol Special Police. Other jurisdictions, including North Carolina, also allow fully deputized private police, and Duke University, for example, has 68 police officers, a force larger than 90 percent of American police departments. Similar to the bundling of software and hardware, private policing is often bundled with real estate and priced into rent or associated consumer goods. The provider of police thus has an incentive to provide police that treat customers well.

Keywords:   provision of goods, private enforcement, Patrol Special Police, private police, Duke police

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