Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Scriptural PolemicsThe Qur'an and Other Religions$

Mun'im Sirry

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199359363

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359363.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 June 2018

(p.273) Bibliography

(p.273) Bibliography

Source:
Scriptural Polemics
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

‘Abbās, Iḥsān, ed. Al-Radd ‘alā Ibn al-Naghrīlā al-Yahūdī wa-rasā’il ukhrā li-ibn Ḥazm al-Andalūsī (Cairo: Dār al-‘urūba, 1960).

‘Abduh, Muḥammad. al-Islām wa al-Naṣrāniyya ma‘a al-‘ilm wa al-madaniyya (Beirut: Dār al-ḥadātha, 1977).

———. Risāla al-tawḥīd, edited by Muḥammad Muḥy al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd (Cairo: Maktaba ‘alī ṣābiḥ, 1966).

Abedin, Syed Z. “Al-Dhimma: The Non-Believers’ Identity in Islam,” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 3.1 (1992): 40–57.

AbuSulayman, Abdul Hameed. “Al-Dhimma and Related Concepts in Historical Perspective,” Journal Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 9.1 (1988): 8–29.

Adams, Charles. Islam and Modernism in Egypt: A Study of the Modern Reform Movement Inaugurated by Muḥammad ‘Abduh (New York: Russell & Russell, 1968).

Adang, Camilla. Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: From Ibn Rabbān to Ibn Ḥazm (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1996).

———. “Medieval Muslim Polemics against the Jewish Scripture,” in Jacques Waardenburg (ed.), Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions: A Historical Survey (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999): 143–159.

Adler, William. “The Jews as Falsifiers: Charges of Tendentious Emendation in Anti-Jewish Christian Polemic,” in Translation of Scripture: Proceedings of a Conference at the Anneberg Research Institute (May 15–16, 1989) (Philadelphia: Annenberg Research Institute): 1–27.

Ahrens, Karl. Muhammed als Religionsstifter (Leipzig, Germany: Brockhaus, 1935).

Akhavi, Shahrough. “Contesting Discourses in Shī‘ī Law on the Doctrine of the Wilāyat al-Faqīh,” Iranian Studies 29.3–4 (1996): 229–268.

Albayrak, Ismail. Qur’ānic Narrative and Isrā’īliyyāt in Western and in Classical Exegesis (PhD Dissertation, University of Leeds, 2000).

Algar, Hamid. Jesus in the Qur’ān: His Reality Expounded in the Qur’ān (New York: Islamic Publications International, 1999).

(p.274) Algar, Hamid. “‘Allāma Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ṭabaṭabā’ī: Philosopher, Exegete, and Gnostic,” Journal of Islamic Studies 17.3 (2006): 326–351.

Amit, Yairah. Hidden Polemics in Biblical Narrative (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2000).

———. “Epoch and Genre: The Sixth Century and the Growth of Hidden Polemics,” in Oded Lipschitz and Joseph Blenkinsopp (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003): 135–151.

Al-Andalusī, Abū Ḥayyān. Tafsīr al-baḥr al-muḥīṭ (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya, 1993).

Andrea, Tor. Mohammed: The Man and His Faith, translated by Theophil Menzel (New York: Harper and Row, 1960).

Arberry, Arthur J. The Koran Interpreted (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964).

Arnolds, Thomas W. The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith (London: Constable, 1913).

Asfaruddin, Asma. “The Hermeneutics of Inter-faith Relations: Retrieving Moderation and Pluralism as Universal Principles in Qur’ānic Exegeses,” Journal of Religious Ethics 37.2 (2009): 331–354.

Ayoub, Mahmoud. Redemptive Suffering in Islam (New York: Mouton, 1978).

———. “The Idea of Redemption in Christianity and Islam,” in Spencer J. Palmer (ed.), Mormons and Muslims: Spiritual Foundations and Modern Manifestations (Provo, UT: Brigham Young University, 1983): 105–116.

———. “‘Uzayr in the Qur’ān and Muslim Tradition,” in William M. Brinner and Stephen D. Ricks (eds.), Studies in Islamic and Judaic Traditions (Atlanta, GA: Scholar Press, 1986): 3–18.

———. The Qur’ān and Its Interpreters. 2 vols. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992).

———. “Jesus the Son of God: A Study of the Terms Ibn and Walad in the Qur’ān and Tafsīr Tradition,” in Yvonne Y. Haddad and Wadi Z. Haddad (eds.), Christian–Muslim Encounters (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995): 65–81.

———. “Nearest in Amity: Christians in the Qur’ān and Contemporary Exegetical Tradition,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 8.2 (1997): 145–164.

———. “Christian–Muslim Dialogue: Goals and Obstacles,” The Muslim World 94 (2004): 313–319.

Attwater, Donald, ed. A Catholic Dictionary (New York: MacMillan, 1961), s.v. “Apparition”: 30.

Ayoub, Maḥmoud. “The Qur’ān and Religious Pluralism,” in Roger Boase (ed.), Islam and Global Dialogue: Religious Pluralism and the Pursuit of Peace (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005): 273–281.

Azad, Abul Kalam. Tarjumān al-Qur’ān, edited by Zakir Husayn (New Delhi: Sahitya Academy, 1964).

———. Tarjumān al-Qur’ān, translated by Syed Abdul Latif (New Delhi: Asia Publishing House, 1967).

(p.275) Aziz, Haris. “Anti-Semitism amongst Muslims,” in Tahir Abbas (ed.), Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective (Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 2007): 71–82.

Aziz, T. M. “Popular Sovereignty in Contemporary Shī‘ī Thought,” The Muslim World 86.3–4 (1996): 273–293.

Balādūrī, Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá. The Origins of Islamic State (Kitāb Futūḥ al-Buldān), translated by Philip Khuri Hitti (Beirut: Khayats, 1966).

Baljon, J. M. S. Modern Muslim Koran Interpretation (1880–1960) (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1961).

Baneth, D. Z. H. “What Did Muḥammad Mean When He Called His Religions Islam? The Original Meaning of Aslama and Its Derivatives,” Israel Oriental Studies 1 (1971): 183–190. This article is also published in Andrew Rippin, ed., The Qur’ān: Style and Contents (Burlington: Ashgate, 2001): 85–92.

Barth, Karl. Church Dogmatics (New York: Clark, 1956).

———. Trinity (New York: Herder & Herder, 1970).

Basher, Suliman. Arabs and Others in Early Islam (Princeton, NJ: Darwin, 1997).

Bauer, Karen A. Room for Interpretation: Qur’ānic Exegesis and Gender (PhD Dissertation, Princeton University, 2008).

al-Bayḍāwī, Nāsir al-Dīn ibn Umar al-Shayrāzī. Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta’wīl (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya, 2006).

Beck, Norman A. Mature Christianity: The Recognition of Repudiation of the Anti-Jewish Polemic of the New Testament (Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press, 1985).

Bell, Richard. The Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment (London: Macmillan, 1926). The Qur’ān (Edinburgh, UK: Clark, 1937).

———. Introduction to the Qur’ān (Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 1953).

Benko, Stephen. The Virgin Goddess: Studies in the Pagan and Christian Roots of Mariology (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1993).

Bidgoli, Aboulfazl Sajedi. “Revelation and Reason in the Thought of Ṭabaṭabā’ī”(Master’s Thesis, McGill University, 1995).

Bijlefeld, Willem A. “Controversies around the Qur’ānic Ibrahim Narrative and Its ‘Orientalist’ Interpretations,” The Muslim World 72.2 (1982): 81–94.

Birkeland, Harris. The Lord Guideth: Studies on Primitive Islam (Oslo, Norway: I Kommisjon Hos H. Aschehoug, 1956).

Bouamama, Ali. La littérature polémique musulmane contre le Christianisme, depuis le origines jusqu’au XIIIe siècle (Alger, Algiers: Enterprise Nationale du Livre, 1988).

Bravmann, Meïr. “The Ancient Background of the Qur’ānic Concept of al-Jizyatu ‘an Yadin,” Arabica 13 (1966): 307–317.

Brown, Daniel W. Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

(p.276) Buhl, Frants. “Taḥrīf,” in M. T. Houtsma, Thomas Walker Arnold, René Basset, et al. The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. 4 (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1934): 618–619.

Bukhārī, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Bayt al-afkar al-dawliyya, 1998).

Burman, Thomas E. “Polemic, Philology, and Ambivalence: Reading the Qur’ān in Latin Christendom,” Journal of Islamic Studies 15 (2004): 181–209.

———. Reading the Qur’ān in Latin Christendom, 1140–1560 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007).

Burrell, David B. “Trinity in Judaism and Islam,” in Peter Phan (ed.), Cambridge Companion to the Trinity (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011): 344–362.

Burton, John. The Collection of the Qur’ān (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1977).

———. “The Exegesis of Q.2:106 and the Islamic Theories of Naskh: Mā nansakh min āya aw nansaha na’ti bi khairin minhā aw mithlihā,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 48.3 (1985): 452–469.

———. “The Interpretation of Q.87, 6–7 and the Theories of Naskh,” Der Islam 62 (1985): 5–19.

———. The Sources of Islamic Law: Islamic Theories of Abrogation (Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 1990).

———. “The Corruption of the Scriptures,” Occasional Papers of the School of Abbāsid Studies 4.1992 (1994): 95–106.

Busse, Heribert. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: Theological and Historical Affiliations, translated by Allison Brown (Princeton, NJ: Wiener, 1998).

Calder, Norman. “Tafsīr from Ṭabarī to Ibn Kathīr: Problems in the Description of a Genre, Illustrated with the Reference to the Story of Abraham,” in G. R. Hawting and Abdul-Kader A Shareef (eds.), Approaches to the Qur’ān (London: Routledge 1993): 101–140.

Campanini, Massimo. The Qur’ān: Modern Muslim Interpretations, translated by Caroline Higgitt (New York: Routledge: 2011).

Carroll, Michael P. The Cult of the Virgin Mary: Psychological Origins (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986).

Casanova, Paul. “Idris et ‘Ouzair,” Journal of Asiatique 205 (1924): 356–360.

Cate, Patrick O’Hair. Each Other’s Scripture: The Muslim’s Views of the Bible and the Christian’s Views of the Qur’ān (PhD Dissertation, Hartford Seminary, 1974).

Chapman, Colin. Cross and Crescent: Responding to the Challenge of Islam (Downers Grove: IL: InterVarsity, 2003).

Charfi, Abdelmajid. “Christianity in the Qur’ān Commentary of Ṭabarī,” Islamochristiana 6 (1980): 105–148.

Cheikho, Louis. “‘Aqīda al-ḥabl bi-lā danas fī al-kanā’is al-sharqiyya,” al-Mashriq 9 (1904): 395–411.

Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible: Commentary and Critical Notes (Cincinnati: Applegate, 1851).

(p.277) Cohen, Claude. “Coran IX.29: Ḥattā yu’tū l-jizya ‘an yadin wa-hum ṣāghirūn,” Arabica 9 (1962): 76–79.

Cohen, Mark. Under Crescent and Cross: The Jews in the Middle Ages (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008).

Collins, John J. A Short Introduction to the Hebrew Bible (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2007).

Collins, Paul M. The Trinity: A Guide for the Perplexed (New York: Clark, 2008).

Cook, Michael. The Koran: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Coulson, N. J. A History of Islamic Law (Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 1964).

Cragg, Kenneth. The Call of the Minaret (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956).

Crone, Patricia. Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam (Princeton, UK: Princeton University Press, 1987).

———. God’s Rule: Government and Islam (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004).

———. “The Religion of the Qur’ānic Pagans: God and the Lesser Deities,” Arabica 57 (2010): 151–200.

D’Costa, Galvin. Theology and Religious Pluralism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986).

———. “The Impossibility of a Pluralist View of Religions,” Religious Studies 32 (1996): 223–233.

———. “Theology of Religions,” in David F. Ford (ed.), The Modern Theologians (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005): 626–644.

———. Christianity and World Religions: Disputed Questions in the Theology of Religions (West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).

Dakake, David. “The Myth of a Militant Islam,” in Joseph E. B. Lumbard (ed.), Islam, Fundamentalism, and the Betrayal of Tradition (Bloomington, IN: World Wisdom, 2009): 3–38.

Dakake, Maria Massi. The Charismatic Community: Shī‘ī Identity in Early Islam (New York: State University of New York Press, 2007).

Datta, V. N. Maulana Azad (New Delhi: Manohar, 1990).

Davidson, John. The Odes of Solomon: Mystical Songs from the Time of Jesus (Oxford: Clarendon, 2005).

de Matteo, Monsignor Ignazio. “Taḥrīf or the Alteration of the Bible according to the Moslems,” The Moslem World 14.1 (1924): 61–84.

Dennett, Daniel C. Conversion and the Poll Tax in Early Islam (Cambridge, UK: Harvard University Press, 1950).

Denny, Frederick. Community and Salvation: The Meaning of the Ummah in the Qur’ān (PhD Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1974).

———. “Some Religio-Communal Terms and Concepts in the Qur’ān,” Numen 24.1 (1977): 26–59.

———. “The Problem of Salvation in the Qur’ān: Key Terms and Concepts,” in A. H. Green (ed.), In Quest for an Islamic Humanism: Arabic and Islamic Studies (p.278) in Memory of Mohamed al-Nowaihi (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1984).

DiNoia, J. A. The Diversity of Religions: A Christian Perspective (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1992).

———. “Religion and the Religions,” in John Webster (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Karl Barth (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000): 243–257.

Diprose, Ronald. Israel in the Development of Christian Thought (Rome: Istituto Biblico Evangelico Italiano, 2000).

Doane, Thomas William. Bible Myths and Their Parallels in Other Religions (New York: Truth Seeker Company, 1882).

Donner, Fred M. Narratives of Islamic Origins (Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1998).

———. “From Believers to Muslims: Confessional Self-Identity in the Early Islamic Community,” Al-Abḥāth 50–51 (2002–2003): 9–53.

———. “The Qur’ān in Recent Scholarship: Challenges and Desiderata,” in Gabriel S. Reynolds (ed.), The Qur’ān and Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008): 29–50.

———. Muḥammad and the Believers at the Origins of Islam (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010).

Douglas, Ian Henderson. Abul Kalam Azad: An Intellectual and Religious Biography, edited by Gail Minault and Christian W. Troll (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Elmi, Muḥammad Ja‘far. An Objective Approach to Revelation: S. M. H. Ṭabaṭabā’ī’s Method of Interpreting the Qur’ān (PhD Dissertation, University of Birmingham, 2002).

Engineer, Asghar Ali. Rational Approach to Islam (New Delhi: Gyan, 2001).

———. Religion, State and Civil Society (Mumbai: Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, 2005).

———. Islam in Post-Modern World (Delhi: Hope India, 2008).

Esack, Farid. Qur’ān, Liberalism and Pluralism: An Islamic Perspective of Interreligious Solidarity against Oppression (Oxford: Oneworld, 1997).

Fadel, Mohammad. “No Salvation outside Islam: Muslim Modernists, Democratic Politics, and Islamic Theological Exclusivism,” in Mohammad Hassan Khalil (ed.), Between Heaven and Hell (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).

El Fadl, Khalid Abu. The Place of Tolerance in Islam (Boston: Beacon, 2002).

Fadlullah, Hadi. Muḥammad Jawād Mughniyya: Fikr wa-iṣlāḥ (Beirut: Dār al-hadi, 1993).

Faruqi, I. H. Azad. The Tarjumān al-Qur’ān: A Critical Analysis of Maulana Abu’l-Kalam Azad’s Approach to the Understanding of the Qur’ān (New Delhi: Vikas, 1982).

Faruqi, Ziya-ul-Hasan. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: Towards Freedom (Delhi: B. R. Publishing, 1997).

Federspiel, Howard. “An Introduction to Qur’ānic Commentaries in Contemporary Southeast Asia,” The Muslim World 81.2 (1991): 149–165.

(p.279) Fiorenza, Francis Schüssler. “Schleiermacher’s Understanding of God as Triune,” in Jacqueline Marina (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Friedrich Schleiermacher (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005): 171–188.

Firestone, Reuven. Jihad: The Origins of Holy War in Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

———. Children of Abraham: An Introduction to Judaism for Muslims (Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 2001).

———. “The Way that New Religions Emerge,” in Trialogue: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Dialogue, by Leonard Swidler, Reuven Firestone, and Khalid Duran (New London, CT: Twenty-Third Publications, 2007): 48–54.

Frend, W. H. C. The Rise of Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984).

Friedmann, Yohanan. Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Fritsch, Erdmann. Islam und Christentum im Mittelalter: Beiträge zur Geschichte der muslimischen Polemik gegen das Christentum in arabischer Sprache (Breslau, Germany: Müller and Seiffert, 1930).

Gadamer, Hans Georg. Truth and Method (London: Continuun, 2004).

Gager, John G. The Origins of Anti-Semitism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).

Gardner, W. R. W. The Qur’ānic Doctrine of Salvation (Madras, India: SPCK, 1914).

Gatje, Helmut. The Qur’ān and Its Exegesis: Selected Texts with Classical and Modern Muslim Interpretations, translated by Alford T. Welch (London: Routledge, 1971).

Geiger, Abraham. Was hat Muhammed aus dem judenthume aufgenommen? (Bonn, Germany: Baaden, 1833).

———. Judaism and Islam, translated by F. M. Young (New York: Ktav, 1970; first printed 1898).

Geller, Stephen. Sacred Enigmas: Literary Religion in the Hebrew Bible (New York: Routledge, 1996).

George, Timothy. Is the Father of Jesus the God of Muḥammad (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002).

———. “The Trinity and the Challenge of Islam,” in Timothy George (ed.), God the Holy Trinity: Reflections on Christian Faith and Practice (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006): 109–127.

Gibb, Hamilton A. R. Modern Trends in Islam (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947).

———. “Pre-Islamic Monotheism in Arabia,” Harvard Theological Review 55.4 (1962): 269–280.

Goddard, Hugh. Muslim Perceptions of Christianity (London: Grey Seal, 1996).

Goitein, S.D. “The Concept of Mankind in Islam,” in W. Warren Wagar (ed.), History and the Idea of Mankind (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1971): 72–91.

Goldziher, Ignác. “Über muhammedansche Polemik gegen Ahl al-kitab,” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 32 (1878): 341–387.

(p.280) Goldziher, Ignác. Die Richtungen der Islamischen Koranauslegung (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1920).

———. Schools of Koranic Commentators, translated by Wolfgang H. Behn (Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrassowitz verlag, 2006).

Greggs, Tom. “Bringing Barth’s Critique of Religion to the Interfaith Table,” Journal of Religion 88.1 (2008): 75–94.

Griffith, Sidney H. “The Concept of al-Uqnūm in ‘Ammār al-Bashrī’s Apology for the Doctrine of the Trinity,” in K Samir (ed.), Actes du premier congrès international d’études chrétiennes, Goslar, September 1980. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 218 (Rome: Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1982): 169–191.

———. “The Gospel, the Qur’ān and the Presentation of Jesus in Ya‘qubi’s Tarikh,” in John C. Reeves (ed.), Bible and Qur’ān: Essay in Scriptural Intertextuality (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2003): 133–160.

———. “Arguing from Scripture: The Bible in the Christian/Muslim Encounter in the Middle Ages,” in Thomas Heffernan and Thomas Burman (eds.), Scripture and Pluralism: Reading the Bible in the Religiously Plural Worlds of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2005): 29–58.

———. “Christian Lore and the Arabic Qur’ān,” in Gabriel S. Reynolds (ed.), The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (New York: Rouledge, 2008): 109–137.

———. “Al-Naṣārā in the Qurʾan: A Hermeneutical Reflection,” in Gabriel Said Reynolds (ed.), New Perspective on the Qurʾan: The Qurʾan in Its Historical Context 2 (London: Routledge, 2011): 301–322.

Griffiths, Paul J. Problems of Religious Diversity (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001).

Guillaume, Alfred. “The Version of the Gospels Used in Medina c. A.D. 700,” Andalus 15 (1950): 289–296.

———. The Life of Muḥammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq’s Sirah Rasul Allah (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955).

Guthrie, A., and E. F. Bishop. “The Paraclete, Al-Munhamānnā and Aḥmad,” The Muslim World 41 (1951): 251–256.

Haddad, M. Y. S. “Arab Perspectives of Judaism: A Study of Image Formative in the Writings of Muslim Arab Authors 1948–1978” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Utrecht University, 1984).

Haddad, S. K. The Principles of Religion in the Qur’ān and the Bible (Pittsburgh, PA: Dorrance, 1992).

Haddad, Yvonne. “The Conception of the Term Dīn in the Qur’ān,” The Muslim World 64 (1974): 114–123.

Haleem, M. A. S. Abdel. The Qur’ān: A New Translation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Hameed, Syeda Saiyidain. Islamic Seal on India’s Independence: Abul Kalam Azad—A Fresh Look (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

(p.281) Hamka. Pengaruh Muḥammad ‘Abduh di Indonesia (Jakarta, Indonesia: Tintamas, 1961).

———. Tafsīr al-Azhar (Jakarta, Indonesia: Pembimbing Massa, 1967).

———. Kenang-Kenangan Hidup (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Pustaka Antara, 1982).

Hamka, H. Rusydi. “Hamka: Kepribadian, Sejarah dan Perjuangan,” in Sidek Baba (ed.), Pemikiran Hamka (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2008).

Hann, R. “Supersessionism, Engraftment, and Jewish–Christian Dialogue: Reflections on the Presbyterian Statement on Jewish–Christian Relations,” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 27 (1990): 327–342.

Hare, Douglas. “The Rejection of the Jews in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts,” in A. Davies (ed.), Anti-Semitism and the Foundations of Christianity (New York: Paulist, 1979): 27–47.

Hawting, Gerald R. The Idea of Idolatry and the Emergence of Islam (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Haykal, Muḥammad. Hayā Muḥammad (Cairo: Maktaba al-nahḍa al-Misriyya, 1963).

Heffern, Andrew D. Apology and Polemic in the New Testament (New York: Macmillan, 1922).

Hengel, Martin. The Son of God: The Origin of Christology and the History of Jewish–Hellenistic Religion (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976).

Heschel, Susannah. Abraham Geiger and the Jewish Jesus (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).

Hettema, T. L., and A. van der Kooij, eds. Religious Polemics in Context (Assen, The Netherlands: Royal Van Gorcum, 2004).

Hick, John. God and the Universe of Faiths: Essays in the Philosophy of Religion (London: MacMillan, 1973).

Hoover, Jon. “Islamic Monotheism and the Trinity,” Conrad Grebel Review 27.1 (2009): 57–82.

Horowitz, Josef. Koranische Untersuchungen (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1926).

Hourani, Albert. Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939 (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004, first printed in 1962).

Hoyland, Robert G. Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Huwaydī, Fahmī. Muwāṭinūn lā Dhimmīyyūn (Beirut: Dār al-shurūq, 1985).

Ibn Hisham, Sīra al-Nabī, edited by Muḥammad Muḥy al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd (Cairo: Maṭba‘a ḥijāzī, 1937).

Ibn al-Jawzī, Abū al-Faraj ‘Abd al-Raḥmān. Zād al-masīr fī ‘ilm al-tafsīr (Damascus: al-Maktab al-islāmī li-ṭibā‘a, 1964).

Ibn Kathīr. Tafsīr al-Qur‘ān al-‘aẓīm (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya, 1998).

Ibn Qayyim. Aḥkām ahl al-dhimma (Damascus: Maṭba‘a jāmi‘a Dimasq, 1961).

(p.282) Ibn Sa‘d, Muḥammad. Ṭabaqāt al-Kubrā (Beirut: n.p., 1957–1968).

Izutsu, Toshihiko. The Structure of the Ethical Terms in the Koran (Tokyo: Keio University Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences, 1957).

———. God and Man in the Koran (Tokyo: Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies, 1964).

———. Ethico-Religious Concepts in the Qur’ān (Montreal: McGill University Press, 1966).

Jajat, Burhanudin. “Aspiring for Islamic Reform: Southeast Asian Requests for Fatwās in al-Manār,” Islamic Law and Society 12.1 (2005): 9–26.

Jansen, J. J. G. The Interpretation of the Koran in Modern Egypt (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1974).

Jeffery, Arthur. Materials for the History of the Text of the Qur’ān (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1937).

———. The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2007).

Jomier, Jacques. Le commentaire coranique du Manār: Tendances modernes de l‘exégèse coranique en Égypte (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1954).

———. The Bible and the Koran (New York: Desclee, 1964).

Kaegi, Walter E. Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Kalner, John. Ishmael Instructs Isaac: An Introduction to the Qur’ān for Bible Readers (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical, 1999).

———. Introducing the Qur’ān for Today’s Reader (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2011).

Kamali, S. A. “Abul Kalam Azad’s Commentary on the Qur’ān,” The Muslim World 49.1 (1959): 5–18.

Kassār, Jawād ‘Alī. Muḥammad Jawād Mughniyya: Hayātuhū wa-manhajuhū fi al-tafsīr (Beirut: Dār al-sadīqayn, 2000).

Kaufmann, Walter. Religion in Four Dimensions: Existential, Aesthetic, Historical, Comparative (New York: Reader’s Digest Press, 1976).

Keddie, Nikki. Sayyid Jamāl al-Dīn “al-Afghānī”: A Political Biography (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972).

Kerr, Malcolm. Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muḥammad ‘Abduh and Rashīd Riḍā (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966).

Khalidi, Tarif. “Shaykh Ahmad ‘Arif al-Zaydan and al-‘Irfān,” in Marwan R. Buheiry (ed.), Intellectual Life in the Arab East, 1890–1939 (Beirut: American University of Beirut Press, 1981): 110–124.

———. The Muslim Jesus: Sayings and Stories in Islamic Literature (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001).

———. The Qur’an: A New Translation (New York: Viking Penguin, 2008).

Khalil, Mohammad Hassan. Muslim Scholarly Discussions on Salvation and the Fate of Others (PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 2007).

Kister, M. J. “‘An Yadin (Qur’ān, IX.29): An Attempt at Interpretation,” Arabica 11 (1964): 272–278.

(p.283) ———. “Ḥaddithū ‘an Banī Isrā’īl wa-lā ḥaraja: A Study of an Early Tradition,” Israel Oriental Studies 2 (1972): 215–239.

———. “The Massacre of the Banū Qurayẓa: A Re-Examination of a Tradition,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 8 (1986): 61–96.

Klauck, Hans-Josef. Apocryphal Gospels: an Introduction (London: Clark, 2003).

Krawietz, Birgit. “Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah: His Life and Works,” Mamluk Studies Review 10.2 (2006): 19–64.

Kuitse, Roelf S. “Christology in the Qur’ān,” Missiology: An International Review 20.3 (1992): 355–369.

Kuman, Ravindra. Life and Works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (New Delhi: Atlantic, 1991).

Künstlinger, Von David. “Rā‘inā,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 5.4 (1930): 877–882.

Kuschel, Karl-Josef. Abraham: A Symbol of Hope for Jews, Christians and Muslims (London: SCM, 1995).

Lassner, Jacob. “Abraham Geiger: A Nineteenth-Century Jewish Reformer on the Origins of Islam,” in M. Kramer (ed.), The Jewish Discovery Islam: Studies in Honor of Bernard Lewis (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press, 1999): 103–135.

Lane, Edward William. An Arabic–English Lexicon (London: Williams and Norgate, 1863).

Lazarus-Yafeh, Hava. “Is There a Concept of Redemption in Islam?” in R. I. Z. Werblowsky and C. J. Blecker (eds.), Types of Redemption (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1970): 168–180.

———. Intertwined Worlds: Medieval Islam and Bible Criticism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992).

———. “Tawrah,” in T. Bianquis (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. 10, Fascicules 167168, Tardjama–Taṣawwuf. New ed. (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1998): 394.

———. “Taḥrīf,” in P. J. Bearman (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. 10, Fascicules 175–176, Turan–Ukayl. New ed. (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2000): 111–112.

Leirvik, Oddbjorn. Images of Jesus Christ in Islam (London: Continuum, 2010).

Lidzbarski, Mark. “Salām and Islām,” Zeitschrift für Semitistik und verwandte Gebiete 1 (1922): 85–96.

Leaman, Oliver. Jewish Thought: An Introduction (New York: Routledge, 2006).

Lewis, Bernard. The Jews of Islam (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984).

Lochet, Louis. Apparitions of Our Lady (New York: Herder and Herder, 1960).

Lodahl, Michael. Claiming Abraham: Reading the Bible and the Qur’ān Side by Side (Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2010).

Lord, James Raymond. Abraham: A Study in Ancient Jewish and Christian Interpretation (PhD Dissertation, Duke University, 1968).

Lüling, Günter. A Challenge to Islam for Reformation: the Rediscovery and Reliable Reconstruction of a Comprehensive Pre-Islamic Christian Hymnal Hidden in the Koran under Earliest Islamic Reinterpretations (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2003).

(p.284) Luxenberg, Christoph. The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Koran (Berlin: Schiler, 2007).

Madelung, Wilfred. The Succession to Muḥammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Madigan, Daniel A. “Foreword,” in Gabriel Said Reynods (ed.), The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008): xi–xiii.

Mallat, Chibli. Shī‘ī Thought from the South of Lebanon (Oxford: Center for Lebanese Studies, 1988).

Margoliouth, D. S. “On the Origin and Import of the Names Muslim and Hanif,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 35 (1903): 467–483.

Markham, Ian. “Creating Options: Shattering the Exclusivist, Inclusivist, and Pluralist Paradigm,” New Blackfriars 74.867 (1093): 33–41.

Marshall, David. God, Muḥammad, and the Unbelievers: A Qur’ānic Study (Surrey, UK: Curzon Press, 1999).

———. “Christians in the Qur’ān,” in Lloyd Ridgeon (ed.), Islamic Interpretation of Christianity (New York: St. Martin’s, 2001): 3–29.

Maunder, Chris. “Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary in the New Testament,” in Chris Maunder (ed.), Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary (London: Burns and Oates, 2008): 23–39.

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen. “Qur’ānic Hermeneutics: The Views of al-Ṭabarī and Ibn Kathīr,” in Andrew Rippins (ed.), Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur’ān (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988): 46–62.

———. “Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī on āyāt al-jizyah and āyāt al-sayf,” in Michael Gervers and Ramzi Jibran Bikhazi (eds.), Conversion and Continuity (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1990): 103–119.

———. Qur’ānic Christians: An Analysis of Classical and Modern Exegesis (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

———. “The Qur’ānic Context of Muslim Biblical Scholarship,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 7: 2 (1996): 141–158.

———. “Christians in the Qur’ān and Tafsīr,” in Jacques Waadenburgh (ed.), Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999): 106–121.

———. “The Prediction and Prefiguration of Muḥammad,” in John C. Reeves (ed.), Bible and Qur’ān: Essays in Scriptural Intertextuality (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003): 107–131.

McGrath, Alister. Christian Theology: An Introduction (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1998).

Medoff, Louis Abraham. Ijtihād and Renewal in Qur’ānic Hermeneutics: An Analysis of Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ṭabaṭabā’ī’s al-Mīzān fi Tafsīr al-Qur’ān (PhD Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 2007).

Mez, Adam. The Renaissance of Islam, translated by Salahudin Khuda Bukhsh and D. S. Margoliouth (London: Luzac, 1937).

(p.285) Michel, Thomas F. A Muslim Theologian’s Response to Christianity: Ibn Taymiyya’s al-Jawāb al-ṣaḥīḥ (New York: Caravan, 1984).

Momen, Moojan. An Introduction to Shī‘ī Islam: the History and Doctrines of Twelve Shī‘īsm (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985).

Moucarry, Chawkat Georges. Faith to Faith: Christianity and Islam in Dialogue (Leicester, UK: Inter-Varsity, 2001).

Mudzhar, Mohamad Atho. Fatwās of the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama: A Study of Islamic Legal Thought in Indonesia, 1975–1988 (PhD Dissertation, University of California at Los Angeles, 1990).

———. “The Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama on Muslims’ Attendance at Christmas Celebration,” in Muḥammad Khalid Masud, Brinkley Messick, and David S. Powers (eds.), Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwās (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996): 230–241.

Mughniyya, Muḥammad Jawād. al-Tafsīr al-kāshif (Beirut: Dār al-‘ilm lil-malāyīn, 1968).

———. al-Khumaynī wa al-dawla al-Islāmiyya (Beirut: Dār al-‘ilm lil-malāyīn, 1979).

———. Falsafa al-akhlāq fi al-Islām (Beirut: Dār al-‘ilm lil-malāyīn, 1984).

———. Āyāt al-ḥurriya: Dimuqrātiyya al-Islām (Beirut: Dār al-Jawād, 2004).

Muhibbu-Din, M. A. “Ahl al-kitāb and Religious Minorities in the Islamic State: Historical Context and Contemporary Challenges,” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 20. 1 (2000): 111–127.

al-Mulk, Niẓām. The Book of Government or Rules for Kings, translated by Hubert Darke (London: Routledge, 1960).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Hamid Dabashi, and Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, eds. Expectation of the Millennium: Shī‘īsm in History (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989): 3–6.

Nilu, Yousef Daneshvar. Revelation and Religion: A Comparative Study of Karl Barth and Muḥammad Hussein Ṭabaṭabā’ī(PhD Dissertation, University of St. Micahel’s College, 2009).

Neuwirth, Angelika. “Negotiating Justice: A Pre-Canonical Reading of the Qur’ānic Creation Accounts (Part 1),” Journal of Qur’ānic Studies 1 (2000): 25–41.

———. “Debating Christian and Jewish Traditions: Embodied Antagonism in sūra Al ‘Imran (Q.3:1–62),” in Otto Jastrow, Shabo Talay, and Herta Hafenrichter (eds.), Studien zur Semitistik und Arabistik: Festschrift fur Hartmut Bobzin zum 60. Geburtstag (Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrassowitz, 2008): 281–303.

———. “The House of Abraham and the Hause of Amran: Genealogy, Patriarchal Authority, and Exegetical Professionalism,” in Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai, and Michael Marx (eds.), The Qur’ān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qur’ānic Milieu (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2010): 499–531.

Newby, Gordon. A History of the Jews of Arabia (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1988).

(p.286) Nicholls, William. Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate (Northvale, NJ: Aronson, 1993).

Nickel, Gordon. “Early Muslim Accusations of Taḥrīf: Muqātil ibn Sulaymān’s Commentary on Key Qur’ānic Verses,” in David Thomas (ed.), The Bible in Arab Christianity (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2007): 207–223.

———. Narratives of Tampering in the Earliest Commentaries on the Qur’ān (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2011).

Noer, Deliar. Modernist Muslim Movement 1990–1940 (London: Oxford University Press, 1973).

Nöldeke, Theodor. Geschichte des Qorans (Göttingen, Germany: Verlag der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, 1860).

———. “Beiträge zur Geschichte des Alexanderromans,” Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, philosophisch-historische Klasse, 38 (1890): 27–33.

———. Tārīkh al-Qur’ān, translated by G. Tamer (Beirut: Konrad-Adenauer, 2004).

Nu‘mānī, Shiblī. “al-Jizya fi al-Islām,” al-Manār 1 (1898): 848–851.

Ochs, Peter. “Judaism and Christian Theology,” in David F. Ford (ed.), The Modern Theologians (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1997): 645–662.

Ogden, Schubert. Is There Only One True Religion or Are There Many? (Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press, 1992).

Paret, Rudi. The Study of Arabic and Islam at German Universities: German Orientalists since Theodor Nöldeke (Weisbaden, Germany: Steiner, 1968).

———. Mohammed und der Koran (Stuttgart, Germany: Kohlhammer, 1972).

Parrinder, Geoffrey. Jesus in the Qur’ān (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1965).

Perlmann, Moshe. “The Medieval Muslim Polemics between Islam and Judaism,” in S. D. Goitein (ed.), Religion in a Religious Age (Cambridge, MA: Association for Jewish Studies, 1974): 103–129.

Peters, F. E. Islam: A Guide to Jews and Christians (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003).

———. The Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004).

———. Jesus and Muḥammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Peterson-Smyth, John. A People’s Life of Christ (New York: Revell, 1920).

Pink, Johanna. “Tradition and Ideology in Contemporary Sunnite Qur’ānic Exegesis: Qur’ānic Commentaries from the Arab World, Turkey and Indonesia and Their Interpretation of Q.5:51,” Der Welt des Islams 50 (2010): 3–59.

Pittenger, W. Norman. “The Christian Doctrine of Sin and Salvation, Part II,” Anglican Theological Review 21.1 (1939): 40–48.

Powell, Avril A. “Maulana Rahmat Allah Kairanawi and Muslim–Christian Controversy in India in the Mid-Nineteenth Century,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 20 (1976): 42–63.

(p.287) ———. Muslims and Missionaries in Pre-Mutiny India (Richmond, UK: Curzon, 1993).

Powers, David S. “Reading/Misreading One Another’s Scriptures: Ibn Hazm’s Refutation of Ibn Nagrella al-Yahudi,” in William M. Brinner and Stephen D. Ricks (eds.), Studies in Islamic and Judaic Traditions (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986): 109–121.

———. “The Exegetical Genre nāsikh al-Qur’ān wa mansūkhuhū,” in Andrew Rippin (ed.), Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur’ān (Oxford: Clarendon, 1988): 117–138.

Pulcini, Theodore. Exegesis as Polemical Discourse: Ibn Ḥazm on Jewish and Christian Scriptures (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998).

Al-Qurṭubī, Muḥammad b Aḥmad. al-Jāmi‘ li-aḥkām al-Qur’ān (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya, 1996).

Al-Qushayrī, Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Translated and edited by Aftab Shahryar (Beirut: Dār al-ma‘rifa, 1994).

Race, Alan. Christians and Religious Pluralism (New York: Orbis, 1982).

Rahman, Fazlur. “Revival and Reform in Islam,” in P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton and Bernard Lewis (eds.), Cambridge History of Islam. Vol. 2, The Further Islamic Lands, Islamic Society and Civilization (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1970): 632–656.

———. Islam (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979).

———. “Islam’s Attitude toward Judaism,” The Muslim World 72.1 (1982): 1–13.

———. Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1984).

———. “Non-Muslim Minorities in an Islamic State,” Journal of Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 7.1 (1986): 13–24.

———. Major Themes of the Qur’ān (Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1989).

Rahner, Karl. Theological Investigations (London: Longman & Todd, 1969).

Räisänen, Heikki. “The Portrait of Jesus in the Qur’ān: Reflections of a Biblical Scholar,” The Muslim World 70 (1980): 122–133.

Ramadan, Tariq. Western Muslims and the Future of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

———. “Interreligious Dialogue from an Islamic Perspective,” in Christiane Timmerman and Barbara Segaert (eds.), How to Conquer the Barriers to Intercultural Dialogue (Brussels: Presses Interuniversitaires Europeennes, 2005): 85–100.

Al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn. al-Tafsīr al-kabīr (Cairo: al-Maṭba‘a al-bahiyya al-Misriyya, 1935).

Reinink, G. J. “Alexander the Great in the Seventh-Century Syriac ‘Apocalyptic’ Text,” Byzantinorossika 2 (2003): 150–178.

Reynolds, Gabriel Said. A Muslim Theologian in a Sectarian Milieu: Abd al-Jabbār and the Critique of Christian Origins (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2004).

———. “Introduction: Qur’ānic Studies and Its Controversies,” in Gabriel Reynolds (ed.), The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008): 1–25.

(p.288) Reynolds, Gabriel Said. The Qur’ān and Its Biblical Subtext (London: Routledge, 2010).

———. “On the Qur’anic Accusation of Scriptural Falsification (taḥrīf) and Christian Anti-Polemic,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 130.2 (2010): 189–202.

Riḍā, Rashīd. Tafsīr al-manār. 3rd ed. (Cairo: Dār al-manār, 1947).

Ringgren, Helmer. Islam, Aslama, and Muslim (Uppsala, Sweden: Gleerup, 1945).

Rippin, Andrew. “The Exegetical Genre Asbāb al–nuzūl: A Bibliographical and Terminological Survey,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 48 (1985): 1–15.

———. “The Function of Asbāb al-Nuzūl in Qur’ānic Exegesis,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 51 (1988): 1–20.

———. “Interpreting the Bible through the Qur’ān,” in G. R. Hawting and Abdul-Kader Shareef (eds.), Approaches to the Qur’ān (London: Routledge, 1993): 249–259.

———. “Western Scholarship and the Qur’ān,” in Jane McAuliffe (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’ān (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006): 235–251.

Risse, Gunter. “Gott ist Christus, der Sohn der Maria”: Eine Studie zum Christusbild im Koran (Bonn, Germany: Borengässer, 1989).

Robinson, Neal. Christ in Islam and Christianity (London: Macmillan, 1991).

———. “Christian and Muslim Perspectives on Jesus in the Qur’ān,” in Andrew Linzey and Peter Wexler (eds.), Fundamentalism and Tolerance (London: Bellew, 1991): 92–105.

———. “Jesus,” in Jane McAuliffe (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān. Vol. 3 (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2003): 7–20.

Robson, James. “Aspects of the Qur’ānic Doctrine of Salvation,” in Eric J. Sharpe and John R. Hinnells (eds.), Man and His Salvation (Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1973): 205–219.

Rosenthal, Franz. “Some Minor Problems in the Qur’ān,” in The Joshua Starr Memorial Volume: Studies in History and Philology (1953): 67–84.

Rubin, Uri. “Qur’ān and Tafsīr: the Case of ‘an Yadin,” Der Islam 70 (1993): 134–144.

———. The Eye of the Beholder: The Life of Muḥammad as Viewed by Earlier Muslims (Princeton, NJ: Darwin, 1995).

———. “Qur’ān and Poetry: More Data Concerning the Qur’ānic Jizya Verse (‘an yadin),” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 31 (2006): 139–146.

Ryad, Umar. Islamic Reformism and Christianity: A Critical Reading of the Works of Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā and His Associates (1898–1935) (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2009).

Sachedina, Abdulaziz. The Just Ruler in Shī‘īte Islam: The Comprehensive Authority of Jurist in Imamite Jurisprudence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).

(p.289) ———. “Is Islamic Revelation an Abrogation of Judaeo–Christian Revelation? Islamic Self-Identification in the Classical and Modern Age,” Concilium 3 (1994): 94–102.

———. “Political Implications of the Islamic Notion of ‘Supersession’ as reflected in Islamic Jurisprudence,” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 7.2 (1996): 159–168.

———. The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Saeed, Abdullah. “Rethinking Citizenship Rights of Non-Muslims in an Islamic State: Rashīd al-Ghannushi’s Contribution to the Evolving Debate,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 10.3 (1999): 307–323.

———. “The Charge of Distortion of Jewish and Christian Scriptures,” The Muslim World 92 (2002): 419–436.

———. “Fazlur Rahman: A Framework for Interpreting the Ethico-Legal Content of the Qur’ān” in Suha Taji-Farouki (ed.), Modern Muslim Intellectuals and the Qur’ān (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006): 37–66.

Saleh, Walid A. The Formation of the Classical Tafsīr Tradition: The Qur’ān Commentaries of al-Tha‘labī (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2004).

———. “’Sublime in Its Style, Exquisite in Its Tenderness’: The Hebrew Bible Quotations in al-Biqā’ī’s Qur’ān Commentary,” in Y. Tzvi Langermann and Josef Stren (eds.), Adaptations and Innovations (Paris: Peeters, 2007): 331–347.

———. “A Fifteenth-Century Muslim Hebraist: Al-Biqā’ī and His Defense of Using the Bible to Interpret the Qur’ān,” Speculum 83.3 (2008): 629–654.

———, ed. In Defense of the Bible: A Critical Edition and an Introduction to al-Biqā’ī Bible Treatise (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2008).

Schedl, Claus. Muḥammad und Jesus: Die Christologisch relevanten Texte des Korans neu übersetzt und erklärt (Vienna: Herder, 1978).

Schirrmacher, Christine. Mit den Waffen des Gegners: Christlich-Muslimische Kontroversen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1992).

———. “The Agra Debates of 1854,” Bulletin of the Henry Martyn Institute of Islamic Studies 13.1–2 (1994): 74–84.

———. “The Influence of German Biblical Criticism on Muslim Apologetics in the Nineteenth Century,” in Andrew Sandlin (ed.), A Comprehensive Faith: An International Festschrift for Rousas John Rushdoony (San Jose, CA: Friends of Chalcedon, 1996): 107–121.

———. “The Influence of Higher Bible Criticism on Muslim Apologetics in the Nineteenth Century,” in Jacques Waardenburg (ed.) Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999): 270–279.

Schumann, Olaf. Jesus the Messiah in Muslim Thought (Delhi, India: ISPCK, 2002).

Scott, Rachel M. “Contextual Citizenship in Modern Islamic Thought,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 18.1 (2007): 1–18.

(p.290) Sells, Michael. “Book Review of Expectation of the Millennium,” Journal of Religion 71.2 (1991): 298–299.

———. Approaching the Qur’ān: The Early Revelations (Ashland, OR: White Cloud, 1999).

Shafiq, Muhammad. “Teaching Interfaith Initiatives: Jews and Christians in Muslim Educational Institutions,” in Moshe Ma‘oz (ed.), The Meeting of Civilizations: Muslim, Christian, and Jewish (Portland: Sussex Academic, 2009): 127–143.

———, and Muhammed Abu-Nimer. Interfaith Dialogue: A Guide for Muslims (Washington, DC: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2007).

Shah, Nasim Hasan. “The Concept of al-Dhimmah and the Rights and Duties of Dhimmīs in an Islamic State,” Journal Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 9.2 (1988): 217–222.

Shahin, Emad Eldin. Through Muslim Eyes: M. Rashīd Riḍā and the West (Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1993).

Shanahan, Roger. The Shī‘a of Lebanon: Clans, Parties and Clerics (New York: Tauris Academic Studies, 2005).

Sharabi, Hisham. Arab Intellectuals and the West: The Formative Years, 1875–1914 (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1970).

Shoemaker, Stephen. “The Cult of the Virgin in the Fourth Century: A Fresh Look at Some Old and New Sources,” in Chris Maunder (ed.), Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary (London: Burns & Oates, 2008): 71–87.

Sidersky, David. Les Origines des Légendes Musulmanes dans le Coran et dans les Vies des Prophètes (Paris: Librarie Orientalisie Paul Geuthner, 1933).

Al-Sijistānī, Abū Dāwūd, Sunan Abī Dāwūd, edited by Shu‘ayb al-Arnut and Muḥammad Kāmil (Beirut: Dār al-risāla al-‘ālamiyya, 2009).

Siker, Jeffrey S. Disinheriting the Jews: Abraham in Early Christian Controversy (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1991).

Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk. Studies in the Genesis and Early Development of Caliphal Taxation System with Special References to Circumstances in the Arab Peninsula, Egypt and Palestine (Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1988).

———. “Administration in the Islamic State: an Interpretation of the Terms ‘Dhimma’ and ‘Jizya,’” in Klaus Ferdinand and Mehdi Mozaffari (eds.), Islam: State and Society (London: Curzon, 1988): 83–88.

Sirry, Mun’im. “Compete with One Another in Good Works: Exegesis of Qur’ān Verse 5:48 and Contemporary Muslim Discourses on Religious Pluralism,” Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 20.4 (2009): 423–438.

———. “Jamāl al-Dīn al-Qāsimī and the Salafi Approach to Sufism,” Der Welt des Islams 57 (2010): 75–108.

———. “The Public Role of Dhimmīs during ‘Abbāsid Times,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 74.2 (2011): 187–204.

———. “The Early Development of the Qur’ānic ‘Ḥanīf,’” Journal of Semitic Studies 56.2 (2011): 345–366.

(p.291) ———. “Fatwas and Their Controversy: The Case of the Council of Indonesian Ulama,” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 44.1 (2013): 100–117.

Smiga, George M. Pain and Polemic: Anti-Judaism in the Gospels (New York: Paulist, 1992).

Smith, Jane I. An Historical and Semantic Study of the Term “Islām” as Seen in a Sequence of Qur’ān Commentaries (Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975).

Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. The Meaning and End of Religion: A New Approach to the Religious Traditions of Mankind (New York: Macmillan, 1963).

———. “The True Meaning of Scripture: an Empirical Historian’s Nonreductionist Interpretation of the Qur’ān,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 11.4 (1980): 487–505.

Spencer, Robert. The Truth about Muḥammad: Founder of the World’s Most Intolerant Religion (Washington, DC: Regnery, 2006).

Speyer, Heinrich. Die Biblischen Erzählungen im Qoran (Hildesheim, Germany: Olms Verlag, 1971).

Steinschneider, Moritz. Polemische und apologetische Literatur in arabischer Sprache zwischen Muslimen, Chisten und Juden, nebst Anhängen verwandten Inhalts (Hildesheim, Germany: Olms, 1966).

Stowasser, Barbara Freyer. Women in the Qur’ān: Traditions and Interpretation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Sulaymān, Muqātil ibn. Tafsīr Muqātil bin Sulaymān, Edited by Abdullah Mahmūd Shahhāta, (Cairo: al-Hay’a al-Misriyya al-‘āmmah li al-kitāb, 1979).

Suyūṭi, Jalāl al-Dīn al-. Lubāb al-nuqūl fi asbāb al-nuzūl (Cairo: Dār al-taḥrīr lil-ṭibā‘a wa al-nashr, 1962).

Al-Ṭabarī, Ibn Jarīr. Jāmi‘ al-bayān ‘an ta’wīl āy al-Qur’ān, edited by Maḥmūd Muḥammad Shākir (Cairo: Dār al-ma‘ārif, 1954).

———. The Last Years of the Prophet, translated by Ismail K. Poonawala (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990).

Ṭabaṭabā’ī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān (Beirut: Mu’assasa al-a‘lām lil-maṭbū‘at, 1980).

———. Shī‘īte Islam, translated by Seyed Hosein Nasr (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1975).

Talbi, Mohamed. “Islam and Dialogue: Some Reflections on a Certain Topic,” in Richard Rousseau S.J. (ed.), Christianity and Islam: The Struggling Dialogue (Montrose, PA: Ridge Row, 1985): 53–73.

Thomas, David. Anti-Christian Polemic in Early Islam: Abu Isa al-Warraq’s “Against the Trinity” (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

———. “The Doctrine of the Trinity in the Early Abbasid Era” in Lloyd Ridgeon (ed.), Islamic Interpretations of Christianity (New York: St. Martin’s, 2001): 78–98.

Torrey, Charles C. The Commercial-Theological Terms in the Koran (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1892).

———. The Jewish Foundation of Islam (New York: Ktav, 1967).

(p.292) Trautner-Kromann, Hanne. Shield and Sword: Jewish Polemics against Christianity and the Christians in France and Spain from 1100–1500 (Tübingen, Germanyu: Mohr, 1993).

Troll, Christian W. “New Light on Christian–Muslim Controversy of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century,” Die Welt des Islams 34– (1994): 85–88.

Al-Ṭūsī, Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan. al-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān (Najaf, Iraq: al-Maktaba al-‘ilmiyya, 1957).

van Bladel, Kevin. “The Alexander Legend in the Qur’ān 18:83–102,” in Gabriel Said Reynolds (ed.), The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (London: Routledge, 2008): 175–203.

Waardenburg, Jacques. “Towards a Periodization of Earliest Islam according to Its Relations with Other Religions,” in Proceedings of the Ninth Congress of the Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1981): 304–326.

———, ed. Muslim Perception of Other Religions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

———. Muslims and Others: Relations in Context (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2003).

Wāḥidī, Asbāb nuzūl al–Qur’ān, edited by Aḥmad Saqr (Cairo: Dār al-kitāb al-jadīd, 1969).

Walker, J. “Who is ‘Uzayr?” The Moslem World 19.3 (1929): 303–306.

Waltke, Bruce K. “Kingdom Promises as Spiritual,” in John S. Feinberg (ed.), Continuity and Discontinuity: Perspectives on the Relationship between the Old and New Testament (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 1988): 1263–1287.

Wansbrough, John. Qur’ānic Studies: Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977).

———. The Sectarian Milieu: Content and Composition of Islamic Salvation History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).

Wāqidī, Muḥammad ibn ‘Umar. al-Maghāzī (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966).

Wasserstrom, Steven. Between Muslim and Jew (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995).

Watt, W. Montgomery. “The Condemnation of the Jews of Banū Qurayẓah: A Study in the Source of the Sīra,” The Muslim World 42 (1952): 160–171.

———. Muḥammad at Mecca (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1953).

———. “His Name is Aḥmad,” The Muslim World 43 (1953): 110–117.

———. “The Early Development of the Muslim Attitude to the Bible,” Transactions 16 (1955–1956): 50–62.

———. Muḥammad at Medina (Oxford: Claredon, 1956).

———. “The Early Development of the Muslim Attitude to the Bible,” Transactions 16 (1957): 50–62.

———. “Christianity Criticized in the Qur’ān,” The Muslim World 57.3 (1967): 197–201.

———, and Richard Bell. Bell’s Introduction to the Qur’ān (Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 1970).

(p.293) ———. Islam and Christianity Today: A Contribution to Dialogue (London: Routledge, 1983).

———. Muslim–Christian Encounters: Perceptions and Misperceptions (London: Routledge, 1991).

Wegner, Paul D. Textual Criticism of the Bible (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006).

Weismann, Itzchak. The Naqshbandiyya: Orthodoxy and Activism in a Worldwide Sufi Tradition (London: Routledge, 2007).

Weiss, Max. In the Shadow of Sectarianism: Law, Shī‘īsm, and the Making of Modern Lebanon (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010).

Welch, Alford T. “Introduction: Qur’ānic Studies—Problems and Prospects,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 47.4 (1979): 620–634.

Wellhausen, Julius. Arab Kingdom and Its Fall, translated by Margaret Graham Weir (Beirut: Khayats, 1963).

———. Reste Arabischen Heidentums (Berlin: Reimer, 1897).

Wensinck, Arent Jan. Muḥammad and the Jews of Medina, translated by Wolfgang Behn (Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1975).

Wheeler, Brannon M. Prophets in the Qur’ān: An Introduction to the Qur’ān and Muslim Exegesis (London: Continuum, 2002).

Wherry, Elwood M. The Muslim Controversy (London: Christian Literature Society, 1995).

Wielandt, Rotraud. “Exegesis of the Qur’ān: Early Modern and Contemporary,” in Jane McAuliffe (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān. Vol. 2 (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2002): 124–142.

Winter, Tim. “The Last Trump Card: Islam and the Supersession of Other Faiths,” Studies in Interreligious Dialogue 9.2 (1999): 133–155.

Wolfson, Harry Austryn. “The Muslim Attributes and the Christian Trinity,” Harvard Theological Review 49.1 (1956): 1–18.

Wood, Simon. Christian Criticisms, Islamic Proofs: Rashīd Riḍā’s Modernist Defense of Islam (Oxford: OneWorld, 2008).

Yusof, Wan Sabri Wan. Hamka’s Tafsīr al-Azhar: Qur’ānic Exegesis as a Mirror of Social Change (PhD Dissertation, Temple University, 1997).

———. “Religious Harmony and Inter-Faith Dialogue in the Writings of Hamka,” Intellectual Discourse 13.2 (2005): 113–134.

Yusuf, Abu. Kitāb al-Kharāj (Taxation in Islam), translated by A. Ben Shemesh (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill 1969).

Yusuf, M. Yunan. Corak Pemikiran Kalam Tafsīr al-Azhar (Jakarta, Indonesia: Pustaka Panjimas, 1990).

Al-Zamakhsharī, Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar. al-Kashshāf ‘an haqā’iq al-tanzīl wa ‘uyūn al-ta’wīl wa wujūh al-ta’wīl (Cairo: Maṭba‘a al-bābī al-ḥalabī, 1966).

Zebiri, Kate. Muslims and Christians Face to Face (Oxford: Oneworld, 1997).

Zwemer, Samuel M. The Moslem Christ (Edinburgh, UK: Oliphant, Anderson & Ferrier, 1912). (p.294)