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The Buddha PartyHow the People's Republic of China Works to Define and Control Tibetan Buddhism$

John Powers

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199358151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199358151.001.0001

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(p.229) Appendix B Glossary of Chinese Terms

(p.229) Appendix B Glossary of Chinese Terms

Source:
The Buddha Party
Author(s):

John Powers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

English

Tibetan

Chinese

Pinyin

29 Imperial Regulations for Properly Administering Internal Affairs in Tibet

Bod kyi las don byed phyogs don tshan nyer dgu pa

钦定藏内善后章程二十九条‎

Qinding Zangnei Shanhou Zhangcheng Ershijiu Tiao

5,000-year-old civilization

五千年文明‎

wuqian nian wenming

70,000 Character Petition

Yig ’bru khri bdun gyi snyan zhu

>七万言书‎

Qiwan Yanshu

abnormal

rgyun ldan med

异常‎

yichang

Aisin Gioro

爱新觉罗‎

Aixin Jueluo

all under heaven

天下‎

tianxia

Altan Khan

Al than Han

俺答汗‎

Anda Han

Amitābha Buddha

Sangs rgyas ’Od dpag med

阿弥陀佛‎

Emituofo

Analects

论语‎

Lunyu

An Shigao

安世高‎

An Shigao

Arunachal Pradesh

A ru na chal mnga’ sde

藏南‎

Zangnan

atheism

chos sems med pa

无神论‎

wushenlun

Awakening of Faith in the Great Vehicle

大乘起信论‎

Dasheng qixin lun

backward

rjes lus

落后‎

luohou

backwardness leads to beatings by others

落后就要挨打‎

luohou jiuyao aida

bad element

log spyod pa

余孽‎

yunie

Banchan E’erdeni

Paṇ chen bla ma

班禅额尔德尼‎

Banchan E’erdeni

barbarian

kla klo

夷‎

yi

Barkor

Bar skor

八廓‎

Bakuo

Beijing Review

北京周报‎

Beijing Zhoubao

Bon

Bon

苯教‎

Benjiao

Book of Documents

书经‎

Shujing

Border Control Department

mTha’ srung do dam cud

边防管理局‎

Bianfang Guanliju

broad masses

rgya khyab grong gseb

\群众‎

qunzhong

Buddhism

Chos lugs

\佛教‎

Fojiao

Cabinet

bKa’ shag

噶厦‎

Gaxia

capitalism

’byor ldan ring lugs

资本主义‎

zibenzhuyi

Central Front

Krung dbyang ’thab phyogs

中央战部‎

Zhongyang Zhanbu

Central Kingdom

Krung go

中国‎

Zhongguo

Central Publicity Department

Krung go’i krung dbyang dril bsgrags las khungs

中共中央宣传部‎

Zhonggong Zhongyang Xuanchuanbu

Century of Humiliation

dMa’ ’beb byung ba’i phyi lo brgya phrag

百年國耻

Bainian guochi

Chadrel Rinpoche

Bya bral Rin po che

恰扎仁波切‎

Qiazha Renboqie

Chamdo

Chab mdo

昌都镇‎

Changdu Zhen

Chan

\禅‎

Chan

Chang’an

长安‎

Chang’an

Chengzu

Khrin tso’u

成祖‎

Chengzu

Chen Kuiyuan

陈奎元‎

Chen Kuiyuan

Chen Quanguo

陈全国‎

Chen Quanguo

Chentsa County

gCan tsha

尖扎县‎

Jianzha xian

China

rGya nag/Krung go

中国‎

Zhongguo

China Central Television

Krung go’i krung dbyang brnyan ’phrin las khungs

中国中央电视台‎

Zhongguo Zhongyang Dianshitai

China Daily

Krung go’i nyin re’i tshags par

中国日报‎

Zhongguo Ribao

China Religion

中国宗教‎

Zhongguo Zongjiao

China Tibet News Agency

Krung go’i bod kyi gsar ’gyur dra tshugs

中国西藏新闻网‎

Zhongguo Xizang Xinwen Wang

China Tibetology

Krung go’i bod kyi shes rig

中国藏学‎

Zhongguo Zangxue

China Tibetology Research Center

Krung go’i bod rig pa zhib ’jug ste gnas

中国藏学研究中心‎

Zhongguo Zangxue Yanjiu zhongxin

Chinese Academy of Tibetan Language for Advanced Buddhist Studies

Krung go’i bod brgyud mtho rim nang bstan slob gling

中国藏语系高级佛学院‎

Zhongguo Zangyuxi Gaoji Foxueyuan

Chinese Buddhist Association

Krung go nang bstan mthun tshogs

中国佛教协会‎

Zhongguo Fojiao Xiehui

Chinese Communist Party

Krung go gung khran tang

中国共产党‎

Zhongguo Gongchandang

Chinese Ethnic Culture Park

中华民族园‎

Zhonghua Minzu Yuan

Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

Krung go mi dmangs chab srid gros mol tshogs ’du

中国人民政治协商会议‎

Zhongguo Renmin Zhengzhi Xieshang Huiyi

Chinggis Khan

Jing gir rgyal po

成吉思汗‎

Chengjisi Han

Chödrüp Gyatso

Chos grub rgya mtsho

\确竹蒋措‎

Quezhu Jiangcuo

Chongzhen

崇祯‎

Chongzhen

Chuandong No. 3 Prison

川东监狱‎

Chuandong Jianyu

class consciousness

gral rim gyi go rtogs

阶级意识‎

jieji yishi

class struggle

gral rim ’thab rtsod

阶级斗争‎

jieji douzheng

Communist Party Central Committee

Krung go’i krung dbyang u yon lhan khang

中国共产党中央委员会‎

Zhongguo Gongchandang Zhongyang Weiyuanhui

Confucius

Kong tse

孔夫子‎

Kong Fuzi

correct faith

正信‎

zhengxin

crimes of ingratitude

忘恩负义罪‎

wang’en fuyi zui

Cultural Revolution

Rig gnas gsar brje

文化大革命‎

Wenhua Dageming

Daktser

sTag ’tsher

\红崖村‎

Hongya Cun

Dalai Clique

Tā la’i ru tshogs

达赖集团‎

Dalai Jituan

Dalai Lama

Tā la’i bla ma

达赖喇嘛‎

Dalai Lama

Dazu County

Da zu rdzong

大足县‎

Dazu Xian

democracy

dmangs gtso

民主‎

minzhu

democratic management committee

dmangs gtso bdag gnyer u yon lhan khang

民主管理委员会‎

minzhu guanli weiyuanhui

democratic reforms

dmangs gtso’i bcos bsgyur

民主改革‎

minzhu gaige

Deng Xiaoping

Tin Zhopin

邓小平‎

Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping Theory

Tin Zhopin dgongs pa

邓小平理论‎

Deng Xiaoping Lilun

development

’phel rgyas

发展‎

fazhan

development course

’phel rgyas kyi ’gro phyogs

發展路向‎

fazhan luxiang

dialectical materialism

dngos gtso rtsod sgrub ring lugs

辩证唯物主义‎

bianzheng weiwu zhuyi

Ding Guangxun

丁光训‎

Ding Guangxun

Dorje Shukden

rDo rje shugs ldan

多杰雄登‎

Duojie Xiongdeng

Drakpa Gyeltsen

Grags pa rgyal mtshan

札巴嘉参‎

Zhaba Jiacen

Drebung Monastery

’Bras spungs dgon pa

哲蚌寺‎

Zhebang Si

Drichu

’Bri chu

长江/扬子江‎

Chang Jiang/Yangzi Jiang

Driru County

’Bri ru rdzong

比如县‎

Biru Xian

Dunhuang

Sha cu

敦煌‎

Dunhuang

egotistical/selfish

私‎

si

ethical religion

道德宗教‎

daode zongjiao

ethnic group

mi rigs

民族‎

minzu

Expansive Commentary on the Discourse Explaining the Thought

’Phags pa dgongs pa zab mo nges par ’grel pa’i mdo’i rgya cher ’grel pa

解深密经疏‎

Jie shenmi jing shu

Facheng

’Gos Chos grub

法成‎

Facheng

fair

drang po

公‎

gong

feudal serfdom

bkas bkod rgyud ’dzin gyi zhing bran lam lugs

封建農奴制度‎

fengjian nongnu zhidu

feudal superstition

bkas bkod rgyud ’dzin gyi rmongs dad

封建迷信‎

fengjian mixin

feudalism

bka’ bkod rgyud ’dzin ring lugs

封建‎

fengjian

five great treatises

五部大论作‎

wubu dalunzuo

forbearance/patience

bzod pa

忍‎

ren

foreign insults

外侮‎

waiwu

Kagyü

bKa’ brgyud

噶举派‎

Gajupai

Ganden Monastery

dGa’ ldan dgon pa

甘丹寺‎

Gandan Si

Ganden Podrang

dGa’ ldan pho brang

甘丹宫‎

Gandangong

Ganhlo

Kan lho

甘南‎

Gannan

Gannan Daily

赣南日报‎

Gannan Ribao

Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Kan lho bod rigs rang skyong khul

甘南藏族自治州‎

Gannan Zangzu Zizhizhou

Gansu

Kan su’u

甘肃‎

Gansu

Gaozong

高宗‎

Gaozong

Gar Songtsen

mGar sTong btsan yul zung

噶尔东赞域松‎

Ga’er Dongzan Yusong

Geluk

dGe lugs

格鲁派‎

Gelupai

Gendün Chögi Nyima

dGe ’dun chos kyi nyi ma

更登确吉尼玛‎

Gengdeng Queji Nima

gentleman

君子‎

junzi

Gesar of Ling

gLing Ge sar

格萨尔王‎

Gesa’er Wang

Geshe Sherap Gyatso

dGe bshes Shes rab rgya mtsho

喜饶嘉措‎

Xirao Jiacuo

god

lha

神‎

shen

Godan Khan

Go dan Han

阔端汗‎

Kuoduan Han

golden urn lottery

gser ’bum skrug pa

金瓶掣签‎

jinping cheqian

Gombojab

mGon po skyabs

贡布扎布/工布查布‎

Gongbu Zhabu

gradualist

rim gyis ’jug pa/ (b)tsen min pa

渐门‎

jianmen

Grand Sūtra Hall

大经堂‎

Da Jing Tang

Great Vehicle Discourse of Contemplation of the Mind Ground in the Buddha’s Life

大乘本生心地观经‎

Dasheng bensheng xindi guan jing

Guan Hanqing

关汉卿‎

Guan Hanqing

guerilla warfare

’khyams rgol

游击战‎

youji zhan

Guge

Gu ge

古格‎

Guge

Guo Jinlong

郭金龙‎

Guo Jinlong

Guomindang

Ko’o min tang

国民党‎

Guomindang

Gushri Khan

Gu shri Han

固始汗‎

Gushi Han

Gyeltsen Norbu

rGyal mtshan nor bu

坚赞诺布‎

Jianzan Nuobu

Gyelwa Karmapa

rGyel dbang Karma pa

葛玛巴‎

Gemaba

Han

rGya rigs

汉族‎

Hanzu

Han big brothers and sisters

汉老大哥大姐‎

Han lao dage dajie

Han chauvinism

rGya rigs chen po’i ring lugs

大汉族主义‎

da Hanzu zhuyi

Han dynasty

Han rgyal rabs

汉朝‎

Han Chao

Hashang Mahayana

Hwa shang Ma ha ya na

和尚摩诃衍‎

Heshang Moheyan

Hexi Corridor

Ho zhi

河西走廊‎

Hexi Zoulang

historical materialism

dngos gtso’i lo rgyus smra ba’i ring lugs

历史唯物主义‎

lishi weiwuzhuyi

historical trend

lo rgyus ’phel rgyas

历史潮流‎

lishi chaoliu

historiography

lo rgyus

史学‎

shixue

Hong Lei

洪磊‎

Hong Lei

Hong Taiji

洪太极‎

Hong Taiji

hostile foreign power

rgyal spyi’i dgrar ’dzin stobs shugs

外国敌对‎

waiguo didui

Hu Jintao

胡锦涛‎

Hu Jintao

Hu Yaobang

胡耀邦‎

Hu Yaobang

Huang Musong

黄慕松‎

Huang Musong

Huangnan Autonomous Tibetan Prefecture

rMa lho bod rigs rang skyong khul

黄南藏族自治州‎

Huangnan Zangzu zizhizhou

Huayan

华严‎

Huayan

Hui

Hu ye rigs

回‎

Hui

human rights

’gro ba mi’i thob dbang

人权‎

renquan

humanistic Buddhism

人间佛教‎

renjian Fojiao

hurt the feelings of the Chinese people

Krung go’i mi dmangs kyi brtse sems la phog thug

伤害中国人民感情‎

shanghai Zhongguo renmin ganqing

idealism

sems gtso ring lugs

唯心主义‎

weixin zhuyi

illegal and invalid

违法无效‎

weifa wuxiao

Imperial Preceptor

Kau shri

国师‎

Guoshi

imperialism

btsan rgyal ring lugs

帝国主义‎

diguo zhuyi

independence

rang btsan

独立‎

duli

ingratitude

bka’ drin bsam med byed yag

忘恩负义‎

wang’en fuyi

internal affairs

nang srid

内政‎

neizheng

Jiang Yu

姜瑜‎

Jiang Yu

Jiang Zemin

Cang tse men

江泽民‎

Jiang Zemin

Jincheng

Gyim sheng kong jo

金成‎

Jincheng

Jokhang

Jo khang

大昭寺‎

Dazhao Si

Journal of Tibet University

Bod ljongs slob grwa chen mo’i rig deb

西藏大学学报‎

Xizang Daxue Xuebao

Juzan

巨赞‎

Juzan

Kangxi

Khang shis rgyal po

康熙‎

Kangxi

Karma Pakshi

Karma Pakshi Chos kyi bla ma

噶玛巴希‎

Gama Baxi

Karmagön

Karma dgon

噶玛寺‎

Gama Si

Karze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

dKar mdzes bod rugs rang skyong khul

甘孜藏族自治州‎

Ganzi Zangzu Zizhizhou

Kelsang Gyatso

bsKal bzang rgya mtsho

噶桑嘉措‎

Gasang Jiacuo

ketou

phyag btsal

磕头‎

ketou

Khubilai Khan

Hu bi le Han

忽必烈可汗‎

Hubilie Kehan

khutugtu

hu thog tu

呼圖克圖‎

hutuketu

king

btsan po

赞普‎

zanpu

Kirti Monastery

Kir ti dgon pa

格尔登寺‎

Ge’erdeng Si

Kuaiji

会稽‎

Kuaiji

Kumbum

sKu ’bum dgon pa

塔尔寺‎

Ta’er Si

Labrang Tashikhyil

bLa brang bkra shis ’khyil dgon pa

拉卜楞寺‎

Laboleng Si

lama

bla ma

喇嘛‎

lama

Lamaism

bLa mas rang bzo byas pa

喇嘛教‎

Lamajiao

Lang Darma

gLang dar ma

郎达玛‎

Lang Dama

Lanzhou

Lan kru’u

兰州‎

Lanzhou

later propagation

phyi dar

后弘期‎

houhongqi

leak state secrets

洩露国家机密‎

xielou guojia jimi

Legqog

Legs mchog

列确‎

Lie Que

Lhasa

Lha sa

拉萨‎

Lasa

Lhazang Khan

Lha bzang Han

拉藏汗‎

Lazang Han

Li Dezhu

李德洙‎

Li Dezhu

Li Peng

Li phin

李鹏‎

Li Peng

Li Zhiting

李治亭‎

Li Zhiting

Li Zicheng

李自成‎

Li Zicheng

Liangzhou

Ling chur/mKhar tsan

凉州‎

Liangzhou

Lie Qu

列曲‎

Lie Qu

Liu Manqing

Lo’u man chin

刘曼卿‎

Liu Manqing

Liu Qibao

刘奇葆‎

Liu Qibao

living buddha

活佛‎

huofo

Living Buddha Certificate

活佛证书‎

huofo zhengshu

Lokakṣema

支娄迦谶/支谶

Zhi Loujichen/Zhi Chen

Losang Belden Yeshe

bLo bzang dpal ldan ye shes

罗桑贝丹意希‎

Luosang Beidan Yixi

Losang Denbe Nyima

bLo bzang bstan pa’i nyi ma

罗桑丹白尼玛‎

Luosang Danbai Nima

Losang Tinle Lhündrüp Chögi Gyeltsen

bLo bzang ’phrin las lhun grub chos kyi rgyal mtshan

罗桑确吉坚赞‎

Luosang Queji Jianzan

Losang Yeshe

bLo bzang ye shes

罗桑意希‎

Luosang Yixi

Luoyang

Lo yang

洛阳‎

Luoyang

Management Measures for the Reincarnation of Tibetan Buddhist Living Buddhas

藏传佛教活佛转世管理办法‎

Zangchuan Fojiao huofo zhuanshi guanli banfa

Mangsong Mangtsen

Mang srong mang btsan

芒松芒贊‎

Mangsong Mangzan

Mao Zedong

Ma’o tse tung

毛泽东‎

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong Thought

Ma’o tse tung gi dgongs pa

毛泽东思想‎

Mao Zedong Sixiang

materialism

dngos gtso ring lugs

唯物主义‎

weiwuzhuyi

McMahon Line

Ma ke ma hung sa thig

麦克马洪线‎

Maike Mahong Xian

Measures for the Reincarnation of Lamas

喇嘛转世办法‎

Lama zhuanshi banfa

Milarepa

Mi la ras pa

米勒日巴‎

Mileriba

Ming dynasty

Ming rgyal rabs

明朝‎

Ming Chao

Ministry of Education

教育部‎

Jiaoyubu

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Phyi ’brel las khungs

外交部‎

Waijiaobu

Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission

Bod sog u yon lhan khang

蒙藏委员会‎

Meng-Zang Weiyuanhui

Motherland

Mes rgyal

祖国‎

Zuguo

Nakchu

Nag chu

那曲地区‎

Naqu diqu

National Forum on Work in Tibet

西藏工作座谈会‎

Xizang gongzuo zuotanhui

national humiliation

dma’ ’bebs

國耻‎

guochi

National People’s Congress

rGyal yongs mi dmangs ’thus mi’i tshogs chen

全国人民代表大会‎

Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui

National Protector, Propagator of the Teaching, Universally Benevolent, Perfectly Enlightened Great Master

护国弘化广慈圆觉大师封号‎

Huguo Honghua Guangci Yuanjue Dashi Fenghao

National Qing Dynasty History Compilation Committee

国家清史编纂委员会‎

Guojia Qingshi Bianzuan Weiyuanhui

national reconstruction

国家建设‎

guojia jianshe

nationality

mi rigs

民族‎

minzu

nationism-racialism

民族主义‎

minzuzhuyi

Nechung Oracle

gNas chung chos rje

乃穷秋杰‎

Naiqiong Qiujie

Ngapö Ngawang Jikme

Nga phod Ngag dbang ’jigs med

阿沛阿旺晋美‎

Apei Awang Jinmei

Ngawa

rNga ba

阿坝‎

Aba

Ngawang Losang Gyatso

Ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho

阿旺罗桑嘉措‎

Awang Luosang Jiacuo

Ngawang Tashi Drakba

Ngag dbang bkra shis grags pa

阿汪札失札巴‎

Awang Zhashi Zhaba

normal religion

rgyun ldan gyi chos lugs

正常的宗教活动‎

zhengchang de zongjiao huodong

Northwest Nationalities University

Nub byang mi rigs slob grwa chen mo

西北民族大学‎

Xibei Minzu Daxue

Nyingma

rNying ma

宁玛派‎

Ningmapai

Ögödei Khan

U ge ta Han

窝阔台‎

Wokuotai

Old Tang History

旧唐书/舊唐書‎

Jiu Tangshu

one country two systems

rgyal khab gcig la lam lugs gnyis

一國两制‎

yiguo liangzhi

opiate of the masses

mi dmangs kyi g.ya’ phyin

人民群众的鸦片‎

renmin qunzhong de yapian

ornamenting the nation’s land

庄严国土‎

zhuangyan guotu

Outline for the Work of Interpreting Tibetan Buddhist Doctrines

Bod brgyud nang bstan ’grel brjod byed phyogs kyi las ka’i ’char gzhi gnad bsdud

藏传佛教教义阐释工作方案提纲‎

Zangchuan Fojiao jiaoyi chanshi gongzuo fang’an tigang

Panchen Lama

Paṇ chen bla ma

班禅额尔德尼‎

Banchan E’erdeni

Pakmo Drupa

Phag mo gru pa

帕木竹巴‎

Pamuzhuba

Pakpa Lodrö Gyeltsen

’Phags pa bLo gros rgyal mtshan

巴思巴‎

Basiba

parasite

gzhan rten ’bu

寄生虫‎

jishengchong

patriotic

rgyal gces

爱国‎

aiguo

patriotic education

rgyal gces chos gces slob gso

爱国主义教育‎

aiguozhuyi jiaoyu

peaceful evolution

zhi ba’i rim ’gyur

和平演变‎

heping yanbian

peaceful liberation

zhi ba’i bcings ’grol

和平解放‎

heping jiefang

peaceful rise

和平崛起‎

heping jueqi

People’s Armed Police

Drag chas nyen rtog dmag mi

武警部队‎

Wujing Budui

People’s Daily

Mi dmangs nyin re’i tshags par

人民日报‎

Renmin Ribao

People’s Liberation Army

Mi dmangs bcings bgrol dmag mi

人民解放军‎

Renmin Jiefang Jun

People’s Republic of China

Krung hwa mi dmangs spyi mthun rgyal khab

中华人民共和国‎

Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo

Pohlane

Pho lha nas bSod nams stobs rgyas

颇罗鼐‎

Poluonai

Politburo

Chab srid cud

政治局‎

Zhengzhiju

political economy

chab srid dpal ’byor kyi rig pa

政治经济学‎

zhengzhi lingjixue

post-Dalai Lama period

后达赖时期‎

hou Dalai shiqi

Potala

Po ta la

布達拉宫‎

Budala Gong

primitive communism

klo pa’i gung bran ring lugs

原始共产主义‎

yuanshi gongchanzhuyi

progressive

yar thon can

进步‎

jinbu

proletariat

’byor med gral rim

无产阶级‎

wuchanjieji

propaganda

dril bsgrags

宣传‎

xuanchuan

propriety

礼‎

li

Public Security Bureau

sPyi bde las khungs

公安局‎

Gong’anju

Publicity Department

Krung go’i krung dbyang dril bsgrags las khungs

中共中央宣传部‎

Zhongguo Zhongyang Xuanchuanbu

Pure Land

bDe ba can

净土‎

Jingtu

quick approval, quick arrest, quick trial, quick execution

快批快抓快审快杀‎

kuai pi kuai zhua kuai shen kuai sha

Qiangba

Byams pa

强巴‎

Qiangba

Qiangbalin Monastery

Byams pa gling dgon pa

强巴林寺‎

Qiangbalin Si

Qianlong

Lha skyong rgyal po

乾隆‎

Qianlong

Qin Gang

秦刚‎

Qin Gang

Qing dynasty

Ching rgyal rabs

清朝‎

Qing Chao

Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Bod sa mtho

青藏高原‎

Qing-Zang Gaoyuan

Qinghai-Tibet Railway

mTsho bod lcags lam

青藏铁路‎

Qing-Zang Tielu

race

rigs rgyud

种族‎

zhongzu

Ramoche

Ra mo che

叶莫切寺‎

Xiemoqie Si

Rangjüng Dorje

Rang ’byung rdo rje

讓琼多杰‎

Rangqiong Duojie

reactionary

log spyod pa

反动‎

fandong

rebel

ngo log pa

叛军‎

panjun

Records of the Grand Historian

史记‎

Shiji

Records of the Ming Dynasty

明实录‎

Mingshilu

Red Flag

Dar cha dmar po

红旗‎

Hongqi

Relpachen

Ral pa can

热巴巾‎

Rebajin

religion

chos lugs

宗教‎

zongjiao

religion and politics combined

chos srid gnyis ldan

政教合一‎

zhengjiao heyi

Religious Affairs Bureau

Chos don u yon lhan khang

宗教事务局‎

Zongjiao Shiwuju

religious biography

rnam thar

传记‎

zhuanji

Ren Wuzhi

人物志‎

Ren Wuzhi

repay the nation’s gifts

报国家恩‎

bao guojia’en

resist foreign insults

抵御外侮‎

diyu waiwu

Resolution

Gros chod

提案‎

Ti’an

ringleader

byed gte

罪魁‎

zuikui

Sakya

Sa skya

萨迦‎

Sajia

Sakya Pandita

Sa skya Paṇḍita Kun dga’ rgyal mtshan

萨迦班智达贡噶坚赞‎

Sajia Banzhida Gonga Jianzan

Samye Monastery

bSam yas dgon pa

桑耶寺‎

Sangye Si

Sangye Gyatso

Sangs rgyas rgya mtsho

桑吉嘉措‎

Sangji Jiacuo

Selected Literature

文选‎

Wenxuan

self-governing/autonomous

rang skyong

自治‎

zizhi

self-propagating

rang spel

自传‎

zichuan

self-supporting

rang gso

自养‎

ziyang

sensitive

敏感‎

mingan

Sera Monastery

Se ra dgon pa

色拉寺‎

Sela si

serf

zhing bran/mi ser

农奴‎

nongnu

Serf Emancipation Day

Zhing bran bcings ’grol btang ba’i nyin mo

农奴解放日‎

Nongnu jiefang ri

Shabkar

Zhabs dkar Tshogs drug rang grol byams pa chos dar

夏嘎巴措周仁卓‎

Xiagaba Cuozhou Renzhuo

Shamar Rinpoche

Zhwa dmar Rin po che

夏玛巴‎

Xiamaba

Shenrap

gShen rab mi bo che

敦巴辛饶‎

Dunba Xinrao

Shigatse

gZhis ka rtse

日喀则‎

Rikaze

Shöl

Zhol

雪城‎

Xuecheng

Shunzhi

顺治‎

Shunzhi

Sima Qian

司马迁‎

Sima Qian

sitting-in-the-bed

khri sar bkod

坐床‎

zuochuang

slave

skyo bran

奴隶‎

nuli

slave society

tshe g.yog spyi tshogs

奴隶社会‎

nuli shehui

socialism

spyi tshogs ring lugs

社会主义‎

shehuizhuyi

socialism with Chinese characteristics

Krung go’i khyad chos ldan pa’i spyi tshogs

中国特色的社会主义‎

Zhongguo tese de shehuizhuyi

socialist spiritual civilization

社会主义精神文明‎

shehuizhuyi jingshen wenming

Son of Heaven

Lha sras

天子‎

Tianzi

Sönam Gyatso

bSod nams rgya mtsho

素南嘉措‎

Su’nan Jiacuo

Songtsen Gampo

Srong btsan sgam po

松贊干布‎

Songzan Ganbu

soul boy

灵童/靈童‎

lingtong

speak bitterness

诉苦‎

suku

splittist

kha bral ring lugs pa

分裂主义份子‎

fenliezhuyi fenzi

spread rumors

ngan dkrog byed

造谣‎

zaoyao

Standing Committee of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party

Krung go gung khran tang gi tang krung dbyang

中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会‎

Zhongguo Gongchandang Zhongyang Zhengzhiju Changwu Weiyuanhui

State Administration for Religious Affairs

Chos don u yon lhan khang

国家宗教事务局‎

Guojia Zongjiao Shiwuju

State Ethnic Affairs Commission

Mi rigs don gcod u yon lhan khang

国家民族事务委员会‎

Guojia minzu shiwu Weiyuanhui

Statement of Ba

dBa’ bzhed/sBa’ bzhed

巴协‎

Baxie

Strike Hard

rDung rdeg tsha nan

严打‎

Yanda

Strike Hard at Serious Crime

严厉打击严重刑事犯罪‎

Yanli Daji Yanzhong Xingshi Fanzui

study group

slob gnyer tsho khag

读书会‎

dushuhui

struggle session

’thab ’dzing

批斗会‎

pidou hui

suddenist

cig car ba/ston mun pa

顿门‎

dunmen

suicide attack

自杀性袭击‎

zisha xing xiji

Sukhāvatī

bDe ba can

极乐‎

Jile

Sümpa Khenpo

Sum pa mkhan po Ye shes dpal ’byor

松巴勘布‎

Songba Kanbu

Sun Yat-sen

Sun chin ling/Sun krung hran

孙逸仙‎

Sun Yixian

Suolang Renzeng

bSod nams rig ’dzin

索朗仁增‎

Suolang Renzeng

superstition

rnam rtog

迷信‎

mixin

Taiping Rebellion

tha’i ping chen po’i ngo log zin krug

太平天国‎

Taiping Tianguo

Taixu

太虚‎

Taixu

Taizong

The’i tsong

太宗‎

Taizong

Tang dynasty

Thang rgyal rabs

唐朝‎

Tang Chao

tangka

thang ka

唐卡‎

tangka

Tashilhünpo

bKra shis lhun po

扎什伦布寺‎

Zhashilunbu Si

Tawang

rTa dbang

达旺‎

Dawang

Tekchok Dorje

Theg mchog rdo rje

帖秋多杰‎

Tieqiu Duojie

Tenzin Gyatso

bsTan ’dzin rgya mtsho

丹增嘉措‎

Danzeng Jiacuo

terrorist

’jigs skul btsan shed byed mkhan

恐怖份子‎

kongbu fenzi

theocracy

chos pas dbang sgyur srid gzhung

神治国‎

shenzhiguo

theology

chos lugs rig gnas

神学‎

shenxue

theological religion

神学宗教‎

shenxue zongjiao

thought reform

bsam blo bcos sgyur

思想改造‎

sixiang gaizao

thought work

bsam blo’i las ka

思想工作‎

sixiang gongzuo

three self patriotic movement

三自爱国教会‎

san zi aiguo jiaohui

Throne Holder of Ganden

dGa’ ldan khri pa

甘丹墀巴‎

Gandan Chiba

Throne Holder of Sakya

Sa skya khri ’dzin

薩迦天欽‎

Sajia Tianqin

thug

暴徒‎

baotu

Tian Han

田汉‎

Tian Han

Tiantai

天台‎

Tiantai

Tibet

Bod

西藏‎

Xizang

Tibet Autonomous Region

Bod rang skyong ljongs

西藏自治区‎

Xizang Zizhiqu

Tibet Communiqué

Bod kyi khyab bsgrags

西藏通讯‎

Xizang Tongxun

Tibet Daily

Bod ljongs nyin re’i tshags par

西藏日报‎

Xizang Ribao

Tibet University

Bod ljongs slob grwa chen mo

西藏大学‎

Xizang Daxue

Tibetan

Bod pa

藏族‎

Zangzu

Tibetan Buddhism

Nang chos

喇嘛教‎

Lamajiao

Tibetan native religion

藏族本土宗教‎

Zangzu bentu zongjiao

Tibetan Plateau

Bod sa mtho

青藏高原‎

Qing-Zang Gaoyuan

Tibetanization

西藏化‎

Xizang hua

tour of conquest

phyogs las rnam rgyal

全面性的征服‎

quanmian xing de zhengfu

Tri Detsuktsen

Khri lDe gtsug btsan

赤德祖赞‎

Chide Zuzan

Tri Songdetsen

Khri Srong lde’u btsan

赤松德贊‎

Chisong Dezan

tsampa

rtsam pa

糌粑‎

zanba

Tsangyang Gyatso

Tshangs dbyangs rgya mtsho

仓央嘉措‎

Cangyang Jiacuo

Tsongkhapa

Tsong ka pa bLo bzang grags pa

宗喀巴罗桑札巴‎

Zongkaba Luosangzhaba

Tsürpu Monastery

mTshur phu dgon pa

楚布寺‎

Chubu Si

Tubo/Tufan

吐蕃‎

Tubo/Tufan

Tügen Losang Chögi Nyima

Thu’u bkwan bLo bzang chos kyi nyi ma

罗桑世却吉尼玛‎

Luosang Shiqueji Nima

Tupden Gyatso

Thub bstan rgya mtsho

土登嘉措‎

Tudeng Jiacuo

Tüsüm Khyenpa Chögi Drakpa

Dus gsum mkhyen pa Chos kyi grags pa

都松欽巴‎

Dusong Qinba

Tuyuhun

’A zha

吐谷浑‎

Tuyuhun/Tuguhun

unchanging soul

神灵‎

shenling

unequal treaties

mi mnyam pa’i chings yig

不平等条约‎

bu pingdeng tiaoyue

United Front

’Thab phyogs gcig gyur

统战部‎

Tongzhanbu

vanguard of the proletariat

’byor med gral rim gyi mdun skyod

无产阶级先锋队‎

wuchan jieji xianfeng dui

Verification of Sudden Awakening according to the Great Vehicle

頓悟大乘正理决‎

Dunwu Dasheng Zhenglijue

Wan Li

万里‎

Wan Li

Wang Feng

汪锋‎

Wang Feng

Wang Xiaobin

王小彬‎

Wang Xiaobin

Wang Zhaoguo

王兆国‎

Wang Zhaoguo

Wangxi

王锡‎

Wangxi

Wen Jiabao

温家宝‎

Wen Jiabao

Wencheng Gongzhu

rGya mo bza’ ’Un shing kong jo

文成公主‎

Wencheng Gongzhu

Without the Communist Party there would be no New China

没有共产党就没有新中国‎

meiyou Gongchandang jiu meiyou xin Zhongguo

Wŏnch’ŭk

Wen tshegs

圆测‎

Yuance

work unit

las don ru khag

单位‎

danwei

Wu Heping

武和平‎

Wu Heping

Wu Sangui

吴三桂‎

Wu Sangui

Wu Zhongxin

Wo’u krung zhin

吴忠信‎

Wu Zhongxin

Wutai Shan

Ri bo rtse lnga

五台山‎

Wutai Shan

Wuzong

武 宗‎

Wuzong

Xi Jinping

习近平‎

Xi Jinping

Xiju Yishu

戏剧艺术‎

Xiju Yishu

Xinhua

Zhin hwa

新华‎

Xinhua

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Museum

新疆维吾尔自治区博物馆‎

Xinjiang Weiwu’er Zizhiqu Bowuguan

Yarlung dynasty

Yar klungs rgyal rabs

吐蕃‎

Tubo

Yellow Turban Rebellion

黄巾之乱‎

Huangjin zhi luan

Yuan dynasty

Yon rgyal rabs

元朝‎

Yuan Chao

Yuan Guiren

袁贵仁‎

Yuan Guiren

Zeng Liping

曾立平

Zeng Liping

Zhang Jue

张角‎

Zhang Jue

Zhang Qingli

张庆黎‎

Zhang Qingli

Zhao Erfeng

Kra’o er ’pheng

赵尔丰‎

Zhao Erfeng

Zhao Qizheng

赵启正‎

Zhao Qizheng

Zhao Ziyang

赵紫阳‎

Zhao Ziyang

Zheng Dui

郑堆‎

Zheng Dui

Zhou Enlai

Kra’u en le/Kro’u en l’e

周恩来‎

Zhou Enlai

Zhu Weiqun

朱维群‎

Zhu Weiqun

Zhukang Tudengkezhu

Jo khang Thub bstan

珠康土登克珠‎

Zhukang Tudengkezhu

mkhas ’grub

Zhu Xi‎

朱熹‎

Zhu Xi

Zunghar

Jung har

准噶尔‎

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