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Out in the PeripheryLatin America's Gay Rights Revolution$
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Omar G. Encarnación

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199356645

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356645.001.0001

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Domestic Change, Foreign Influence, and Gay Rights

Domestic Change, Foreign Influence, and Gay Rights

(p.49) Chapter 2 Domestic Change, Foreign Influence, and Gay Rights
Out in the Periphery

Omar G. Encarnación

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins to demonstrate the analytical advantages of “decentering” gay politics by suggesting how a host of cultural, legal, and political transformations have dramatically improved the domestic environment for gay rights in Latin America by making the region receptive to international gay rights trends. Modernization, fueled by rising incomes and educational levels, has simultaneously increased acceptance of homosexuality within the general public and diminished the influence of the Catholic Church. Judicial reforms and constitutional innovations have expanded the ability of gay citizens to approach the courts to demand civil rights while strengthening the capacity of the courts to legislate gay rights from the bench. Last but not least, the advent of Left-wing governments in countries like Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay has expanded the opportunities for gay organizations to partner with the government to legislate gay rights.

Keywords:   modernization, democratization, judicial reforms, constitutional reforms, left-ism, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico

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