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Out in the PeripheryLatin America's Gay Rights Revolution$
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Omar G. Encarnación

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199356645

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356645.001.0001

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Latin America through Transnational Lenses

Latin America through Transnational Lenses

(p.17) Chapter 1 Latin America through Transnational Lenses
Out in the Periphery

Omar G. Encarnación

Oxford University Press

This chapter outlines the rise of the “international gay rights arc” in the post-Stonewall era (from “negative” rights to “positive” rights to “equal” rights), as suggested primarily by the American experience. It also explains how this arc was transported to Latin America as suggested by three approaches drawn from a broad body of literature: global queering, international socialization, and policy diffusion. Although compelling, these approaches leave a lot to be desired. Above all, they unintentionally distort Latin American gay history by suggesting that gay activism was triggered by external developments. They also fail to explain the uneven landscape of gay rights across the region and overlook the ambiguity of external influence when it comes to gay rights, given the rise in recent years of a powerful US-led anti-gay rights international lobby.

Keywords:   Stonewall, Latin America, socialization, queering, gay, marriage, diffusion, homosexuality

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