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The Evolving Sphere of Food Security$
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Rosamond L. Naylor

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199354054

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.001.0001

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Health and Development at the Food-Water Nexus

Health and Development at the Food-Water Nexus

Chapter:
(p.180) 7 Health and Development at the Food-Water Nexus
Source:
The Evolving Sphere of Food Security
Author(s):

Jennifer Davis

Eran Bendavid

Amy J. Pickering

Rosamond L. Naylor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0007

This chapter explores how water access and infectious disease impact food security within the world’s poorest regions. Drawing on a research collaboration currently underway in western Kenya, the chapter highlights the importance of water quantity for increasing agricultural productivity, dietary diversity, and personal hygiene, as well as the importance of water quality for reducing exposure to pathogens and enabling successful management of HIV. The text discusses the pervasive effect of malnutrition on the incidence of infectious disease and agricultural labor productivity. The chapter also explores the mismatch between the institutional “silos” typically responsible for agriculture, water resources management, and public health in national governments, and the need for integrated, multidisciplinary programs and policies implemented across these domains. The chapter concludes with observations regarding how best to sequence interventions so as to achieve meaningful, sustainable impacts on health and development.

Keywords:   water, irrigation infrastructure, infectious diseases, malnutrition, diet diversity, public health

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