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Time to ReactThe Efficiency of International Organizations in Crisis Response$
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Heidi Hardt

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199337118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337118.001.0001

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Informal Norms: Barriers and Facilitators

Informal Norms: Barriers and Facilitators

(p.130) 6 Informal Norms: Barriers and Facilitators
Time to React

Heidi Hardt

Oxford University Press

Building on evidence presented in the previous chapter, this chapter makes the case that international organizations with informal institutional cultures react more rapidly than those organizations with formal institutional cultures. The chapter explains positive and negative impacts of informal norms on efficiency through the application of a sociological institutionalist theory of bureaucratic dysfunction, adapted from scholarship by Barnett and Finnemore. Individual norms are identified and categorized. The chapter emphasizes differences regarding how information is shared at the European Union Political and Security Committee in contrast to how it is at similar committees at other organizations. For each of four international organizations, the author describes and illustrates the implementation of both positive and negative norms.

Keywords:   International organization, Efficiency, Norms, Crisis response, Institutional culture, Bureaucratic dysfunction, Sociological institutionalism

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