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Pursuing Social HolinessThe Band Meeting in Wesley's Thought and Popular Methodist Practice$

Kevin M. Watson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199336364

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336364.001.0001

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(p.217) Index

(p.217) Index

Source:
Pursuing Social Holiness
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Albin, Thomas R., 65 n98, 67 n105, 68 n109
Aldersgate Street, 34, 79, 89, 95
Alexander, Disney, 159–160, 164
Alleine, Richard, 54
Allen, John, 166
altogether Christian, 40, 93, 104
ancien régime, 10, 184
Anglican
growth in holiness, 14, 72
means of grace, emphasis on, 14, 72, 74, 86, 92, 137, 153
piety, 14–15, 22, 32, 38, 72, 73–77, 153, 171
Religious Societies See Religious Societies, Anglican
Restoration Anglicanism, 20
Wesley’s synthesis with Moravian piety, 14–15, 86, 139
Arndt, Johan, 17 n3
Asbury, Francis, 6, 8
assurance, 3, 29, 33–34, 38, 72, 73, 78–80, 82, 86–88, 91, 94–96, 99, 101, 104, 108–112, 129–132, 139, 148–153, 184
Wesley’s experience of, 79, 95
Austin, Margerit, 104–105, 108, 109
awakening, 8
backslide, 155–156, 173
Baker, Frank, 35, 37, 58 n80, 82 n44, 91 n80
Ball, Hannah, 55, 56
band meeting, 2–3, 62–71
Anglican influence, 73–77, 153, 156, 170
compared to class meeting, 6, 64–66, 68–69, 160, 182, 186
difficulty of sustaining, 5, 13, 46–47, 144, 175, 180, 184–185
focal point of Wesley’s approach to social holiness, 2, 5, 14–15, 46–47, 71, 93–98
format of the weekly meeting, 64, 102–103, 118–122
importance for flourishing of Methodism, 4, 95, 184
monitors in Fetter Lane, 73–74, 83–84, 84 n53
penitent bands, 66–67, 70, 173 n151
Pietism influence on, 77–81
popular Methodist experience of, 13, 107–108, 123–124, 163, 183
prerequisites for joining, 3, 63–64
purpose, 63, 130
role in the midst of the changes in eighteenth-century British society, 8–9
sinews of Methodism, 5–6, 69, 95, 136
synthesis of Moravian and Anglican piety, 72, 86–87, 139, 170–171, 183
theological contribution of, 72
transition to prayer meetings, 177–181
trial, 144–145
use throughout Evangelical Revival, 8
Wesley’s conception of, 62–69, 108, 112, 116, 139, 142
Barber, Sarah, 104–105, 109
Barber, William, 114–115
Bardsley, Samuel, 143–144, 146, 148, 153, 159
Beecroft, Eliza, 165
Bell, George, 133–136, 151, 178
Bennet, John, 124–125
Biggs, Benjamin, 136
Böhler, Peter, 17, 27, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 49, 77, 77 n24, 80, 86 n64, 93
Bourne, Frances, 175
Bradburn, Samuel, 160–161
Bradnock, Isaac, 165, 167, 175
Brecht, Martin, 17 n3
Bristol, 8 n34, 50 n46, 52, 57–59, 82, 84–86, 102, 110, 128
bands, 86
New Room and beginning of the class meeting, 57, 59
British society, 1, 9
(p.218) Calvinist, 8
understanding of election, 8, 8 n34
camp meeting, 180, 185
Campbell, Ted A., 12 n47, 18, 44 n29, 171 n145
Cardiff, 101
Chapman, Patty, 55
choirs, Moravian See Chor
Chor, 23, 26, 27
Christian conferencing, 171, 171 n145
Christian perfection See entire sanctification
Church, Leslie, 183
Church, Thomas, 62 n88
Clark, J.C.D., 184 n4
class dynamics, 10, 75 n14, 107, 128
class meeting, 3–4, 56–62, 182
beginning of in Methodism, 56–58
compared to band meeting, See band meeting, compared to class meeting
disciplinary function, 61–62
focal point of Wesley’s approach to social holiness, 2, 61–62
leader, 3, 58, 59–60, 94, 142
membership requirement, 3, 58
sinews of Methodism, 5–6, 69, 95, 136
Clayton, John, 30–31
Coke, Thomas, 151–152, 173, 177
collegia pietatis, 14, 16–20, 18 n5, 22
activities of, 19
importance for Christian discipleship, 19
predecessor of Wesleyan band meeting, 17–20
relation to Anglican Religious Societies, 20
Collins, Kenneth J., 40 n8, 91 n80
Colón-Emeric, Edgardo, 43 n26, 44 n33
community, 2, 9–10, 23, 33, 44, 53, 67, 96, 107, 124, 130, 186
confession, 16, 23
in Banden, 23
in Fetter Lane Society, 35
in Oxford Methodism, 30
in popular Methodist experience, 103, 112, 116, 119, 124, 145, 160–1, 179
in Wesleyan band meeting, 64, 66, 69, 75, 96, 112
Wesley’s experience with prior to band meeting, 81
Continental Pietism, 14, 20, 23, 32
conversion, 12, 95, 104, 109
Cooper, Thomas, 112–114, 115
Coughlan, Lawrence, 132
Coussins, Jonathan, 94
Covenant Renewal Service, 53, 54, 56
Crosby, Sarah, 171–172
David, Christian, 25, 79
purpose of Moravian Banden, 25
Davies, Rupert E., 61 n84
Dean, William Walter, 58 n80, 60 n83, 61 n85, 68 n109, 68 n111, 69 n112, 84 n55, 116 n69, 175 n156, 180 n179
Delamotte, Charles, 32
Dickinson, Eleanor, 175
“Directions given to the Band Societies”, 75–76, 76 n17, 80, 120, 127–129, 154
discipline, 4, 5, 33, 45–46, 58, 60–62, 74, 87, 96–97, 152, 159, 164, 167, 178
as a new form of social organization in British society, 9
dissent, English, 20
conventicles, 17, 20, 22
doctrine, 5–6, 41, 43, 80, 88, 96, 87, 133, 135, 159, 178
Downes, Elizabeth, 110–111
Dublin Society, 150
Dugdale, Bennett, 146, 150, 156, 164
Early Methodist Volume, 12, 100, 104, 110, 112, 117, 118, 132
ecclesiola in ecclesia, 17, 90 n80
English society, 9, 107, 184
entire sanctification, 15, 31, 41–43, 67, 69, 111–112, 117, 132–137, 145, 147, 150–151, 156, 157–159, 163, 165–169, 173–174, 186
definition of, 42
grand depositum of Methodism, 41
Epworth, 22, 28, 30, 31
Evangelical Revival, 7, 32, 81
agreement on need for band meetings, 8, 8 n34
experience
of God, 4, 139
of popular Methodists, 6, 12–14, 107–112, 139, 150–53, 161, 163
faith, 7, 109
justification by, 3, 4, 6 n25, 12, 65, 72, 79, 80, 82, 87–88, 91, 93, 96, 99, 104, 108–109, 111–112, 121, 131–132, 147, 149, 166, 174, 184
sanctification by, 1
fasts, public, 53, 56
Feder, Albinus Theodorus, 79–80
Fetter Lane Society, 2, 2 n7, 6, 8, 14, 16, 28, 32, 34–38, 49, 53, 74, 79, 81, 86–87, 116 n68, 156, 182
attempt to synthesize Anglican and Moravian piety, 17, 72, 101, 112, 114
bands, 38, 73–74, 77, 78 n26
beginnings of, 34–38
dispute about Church of England or Moravian origin, 35–38
division of, 17 n2
rules of, 51 n52, 77–78, 78 n26, 82, 120
Wesley’s separation from, 38, 38 n100, 49, 51, 82–83, 92–93
field preaching, 81
Fletcher, John, 8
Fletcher, Mary Bosanquet, 13, 144, 149, 150, 165, 168, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176
(p.219) Fletcher-Tooth Collection, 13, 170, 176
formation
Christian, 2, 137
communal, 2, 5, 9, 14, 44, 48, 58, 60, 77, 81, 87, 99–100, 119, 121, 136, 139, 157, 164, 171, 174, 182–186
Foundery Society, 17 n2, 49, 51–52, 55, 134, 152
bands, 75, 103, 118–121
beginning of, 50
and date of publication of “Rules of the Band Societies”, 83
first Wesleyan Methodist Society, 49, 49 n46
select society, 136
women, 119
Foy, Captain, 57–58, 57 n76
Freeman, Arthur J., 25
Furly, Dorothy, 118 n72
gender, 3, 7, 23, 25 n40, 26–27, 66, 68, 85–86, 86 n61, 103, 119, 119 n80, 119 n82, 121, 151, 154 n83, 163 n109, 173
“General Rules”, 5 n22, 22, 41, 60, 62, 68, 69, 70, 75, 76, 82, 83, 83 n48, 92, 116, 153, 154, 171
as a practical guide to holiness, 41
Georgia, 16, 32–33, 34, 36, 82
Gollin, Gillian, 26, 26 n44,
Goodfellow, John, 146, 169–170
Goodhead, Andrew, 13 n52, 60 n83, 116 n69
grace
definition of, 14 n53
free, 8
greatest commandment, 41
Greatrex, Thos, 144
Gumley, Col., 130
Gwynne, Sarah Jr., 130
Halévy, Elie, 9–10
thesis, 10, 107 n28
Halfpenny, Elizabeth, 111–112
Hall, James, 1, 142–143, 153
Halle, 73 n3
Harris, Howell, 11
Heitzenrater, Richard P., 14 n53, 28, 29, 68 n111, 69 n112, 78 n29, 80 n34, 84 n55,
Hempton, David, 10, 91 n80, 119 n82
Henderson, D. Michael, 60 n83, 68 n109
Herrnhut, 16, 20, 23–28, 31, 35, 37–38, 56 n73, 72, 73, 77, 79, 83, 182
Hindmarsh, D. Bruce, 12, 100 n2
holiness, 1, 4, 39–40, 68–70, 141, 183
band meeting as engine of holiness in Methodism, 5, 93–98, 149, 183–184
of the church, 41
growth in, 6 n25, 7, 78, 95, 125, 129, 134, 138, 142, 161–162, 164–169, 185–186
of heart and life, 29, 40, 97–98
importance of community for, 44, 68–70, 89, 96–98, 130, 138, 148, 185
purpose of Anglican Religious Societies, 21
scriptural, 7, 40, 95–96
social, See social holiness
Wesley’s priority, 5, 14, 39–40, 43, 93
holy solitaries, 2
Holy Spirit, 2, 53, 72, 108, 137, 161, 166
Horneck, Anthony, 16, 20–22, 32, 36
Hunter, Frederick, 54 n71
Hutton, Elizabeth, 89
Hutton, James, 34, 37, 49, 73, 74, 80, 83, 84, 84 n53, 113
Industrial Revolution, 9–10
industrialization, 9, 107, 184
Ingham, Benjamin, 8, 32, 53
Jackson, Edward, 4, 5, 46, 47, 96
Jenkins, Sarah, 175
Johnson, Elizabeth, 131, 132, 145
Jones, James, 137
Jones, Mary, 155
Jordan, Ann, 175
justification by faith, See faith, justification by
Kidder, Richard, 21, 22, 30
Kingswood, 52
Kirkham, Robert, 29
Kisker, Scott, 20–21, 36,
Labadie, Jean de, 18 n5
Lindberg, Carter, 17 n3
Lions, Catharine, 144–145
London, 16, 32, 34, 50, 52, 54, 58–59, 82, 85, 101, 102, 112, 134
Longmore, Rebecca, 176
love of God and neighbor, 1, 2, 22, 39, 56
band meeting in fostering, 93
class meeting, in fostering, 62
need for community for growth in, 45, 53
love-feast, 9, 25, 53, 55, 56, 102, 131, 132–133, 139, 145, 146, 150, 160, 164, 180
purpose of, 53
Lovegrove, Hiram William, 170
Lovegrove, Love, 164, 170
Mack, Phyllis, 7, 11, 12, 13, 119 n82, 154 n83, 163 n109
Maddern, Mary, 132
Maddox, Randy, 40 n8, 43 n24, 85 n60, 86 n62, 86 n63
Marsden, George, 164, 165, 166–167, 177, 179
Mather, Alexander, 122–123, 123 n101, 162–165
Mather, Isabella, 164, 173
Maxfield, Thomas, 5, 136
McCullagh, T., 50 n46
means of grace, 14, 22, 38, 87, 112–116, 153–156, 180, 183–184
band meeting as a, 75, 87, 113, 137, 153, 156, 167, 169–171, 176
(p.220) conflict with Moravians regarding importance of, 92
emphasis of Anglican Religious Societies, 22, 137–139
prudential, 75, 75 n15, 75 n16, 87, 154
Wesley’s definition of, 38 n100
Methodist
discipline See discipline
relationship to Church of England, 90–91
societies See societies, Methodist
Molther, Philip Henry, 38 n101, 49, 114, 115
Moore, Henry, 149
Moravians, 2, 6, 16, 31, 73
Banden, 14, 16, 17, 20, 23–27, 28, 38
forerunner of Wesleyan bands, 27, 38, 77, 81
classes, 27
justification by faith, importance of, 14, 79–80
piety, 14, 78, 147, 153
small group formation, 23–27
stillness, See stillness
Wesley’s criticism of, 76–77
Wesley’s initial contact with, 32, 78
Wesley’s synthesis with Anglican piety, 14, 86, 139, 147
witness of the Spirit, importance of, 14, 78
new birth, 6 n25, 12, 71, 78, 81, 89, 95–96, 98, 115, 139, 174, 182, 184
Newcastle, 52
Newgate, 81
nominal Christianity, 40
Olivers, John, 123–124
Olivers, Thomas, 122–123
Oxford Methodism, 28–31, 36, 43, 45, 79
comparison to Anglican Religious Societies, 30
forerunner of band meeting, 31
forerunner for Fetter Lane Society, 36
influence on James Hutton’s religious society, 37
pursuit of holiness, 31
Oxford University, 16
Oxlee, William, 103
Parkinson, John, 166
Pawson, Frances, 161–162, 163, 172
Pawson, John, 158
peace with God, 4, 53, 64, 79, 177, 182
Peacock, Robert, 61
Pembrokeshire, 45
Perronet, Charles, 141–142, 154
Pia Desideria, 18, 19
Pietism, 17–20
piety, 77–81
“Plain Account of Christian Perfection”, 5, 42, 69, 95
“Plain Account of the People Called Methodists”, 3, 47–48, 50, 52, 59, 62, 64, 66–67, 70, 120, 131, 160, 174
Platt, Frederic, 50 n46
Podmore, Colin, 34–37, 82, 82 n43, 82 n45, 83 n48, 86, 114 n58
Poschmann, Bernhard, 64 n96
prayer meetings, 15, 55, 145–147, 164, 170, 176, 177–181, 185
preaching, 6–8, 40, 45, 51, 81, 87, 101, 123, 133, 149
predestination, 8 n34
Pritchard, John, 145–146
Rack, Henry D., 37, 74 n9
Religious Societies, 14, 16, 20–22, 30
Anglican, 14, 73, 89
dependence of Methodist societies on, 51
focus or purpose, 22
forerunner of Wesleyan band meeting, 22, 73, 82
repentance, 6 n25, 96, 124
Richardson, Elizabeth, 162–163, 165
Ritchie, Elizabeth, 168–169, 173–174
Roberts, Samuel, 10–11, 117, 121–122, 125–127, 130, 138–139
Roberts, Sarah, 150
Robinson, Jasper, 137
Rockall, Molly, 55
Rodda, Richard, 156
Rogers, Hester Ann, 144, 157
“Rules of the Band Societies”, 3, 14, 63–64, 68–69, 73–75, 77–87, 103, 108, 109, 112, 120, 127, 129, 139, 179, 182, 184
date of, 82–86
synthesis of Anglican and Pietistic piety, 81–7
Ruth, Lester, 12 n48
Ryan, Sarah, 125, 131, 145, 150
Sais, Elizabeth, 105–106
sanctification See holiness
Christian perfection See entire sanctification
Schmidt, Gottfried, 23 n30
Schmidt, Martin, 37–38
“Scripture Way of Salvation”, 1
select band See select society
select society, 15, 66, 67, 70, 136–137, 141, 150–151, 156–159, 163, 171–174, 181
pinnacle of early Methodism, 67–68, 130
rules of, 68 n108
Seward, William, 11–12, 101–103, 109–110, 112
Shadford, George, 155–156
Simon, John S., 50 n46
Simpson, William, 47 n38, 94, 96, 185
sinews of Methodism, 5, 6, 69, 95, 136
social holiness, 2, 2 n5, 5, 8, 10, 14, 15, 39, 43–47, 44 n29, 65, 119, 125, 141, 170, 180, 182, 183, 184, 186
social intimacy, 1, 8–9, 107, 184
(p.221) societies
Methodist, 6, 48–56
Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, 36
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 36
Sommer, Elisabeth W., 26
Spangenberg, August Gottlieb, 33
Sparrow, Sally, 137
Spener, Philipp Jakob, 16–20, 22
Spitalfields, 54
Spurr, John, 20 n13, 74 n10
Staniforth, Sampson, 118
Stevenson, George J., 118, 136
Stillingfleet, Edward, 8
stillness, 38, 38 n101, 92, 114, 115
Stoeffler, F. Ernest, 19
Stormont, Henry, 176
Tappert, Theodore, G., 17 n5, 18
Taylor, Elizabeth, 172–173
Taylor, Joseph, 96
testimony, 12, 53, 130, 133, 145, 148, 158, 166
Thomas, Mary, 110
Thompson, Andrew C., 2 n5, 60 n83
Thompson, E. P., 9–10, 107 n28
Thornton, Henry, 106–107, 107 n28, 115–116
Tooth, Mary, 171, 175–177
Valton, John, 151, 158
Viney, Richard, 118, 127
Wallmann, Johannes, 17, 17 n3
Walsh, John (early Methodist), 118, 134–136, 137
Walsh, John (scholar), 11 n44, 48 n40
Walton, Lucy, 154
Ward, W. R., 18 n5
Watch-nights, 9, 52, 56, 160, 164
Watson, David Lowes, 6, 56, 56 n73, 58 n80, 60 n83, 61 n84, 61 n85, 68 n109, 76 n17, 90 n80, 116 n69
Way of Salvation, 6, 6 n25, 70, 72, 96, 167
Webb, Samuel, 115
Wednesbury, 8, 156
Wesley, Charles, 7, 11, 12, 16, 28, 32, 34, 36, 37, 49, 50, 53, 55, 76, 77, 89, 101 n6, 104, 105, 106, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 115, 117, 130, 131, 132, 134, 136, 137, 151, 152
Wesley, John
Anglican influence, 74, 88, 90–91
conjunctive theologian, 72 n1
importance of justification by faith, 80
influence of Moravians on, 77–81
initial encounters with Moravians, 32–34
involvement in Oxford Methodism See Oxford Methodism
relationship to popular Methodism, 7–8, 10–12, 139, 183–185
role in Fetter Lane Society, 34–38
theology of discipleship, 99, 185–186
Wesley, Samuel, 22, 30, 31
Wesley, Samuel, Jr., 89
Wesley, Susanna, 29
West Bromwich, 8
West Indies, 165, 167, 175
West Street Chapel, 55, 134, 135
Whitefield, George, 8, 8 n34, 45, 50 n46, 53, 85–86
encouraging Wesley to come to Bristol, 84–85
relationship with women, 85
Whiting, Matthew, 164
Wigger, John, 6, 117 n71, 140 n1
Wigget, James, 148
Wilkinson, Robert, 147
Williams, Colin, 90 n80
Williamson, Sophia, 33
Willis, Thomas, 127–129
witness of the Spirit, 14, 33, 64, 77–80, 87, 89, 94, 109, 112–113, 147–148, 151, 153, 157, 159, 166, 181–182
Wood, James, 164
Wood, Margaret, 118, 119 n81, 133
women, 13, 49, 53, 85–86, 119, 133, 151, 162, 176
Woodward, Josiah, 21–22, 30, 36, 76
Wride, Thomas, 94
Wright, Duncan, 145
Yarm Circuit, 96
Yewdall, Zechariah, 143
Zinzendrof, Count Nikolas Ludwig von, 24, 26, 79
on purpose of Banden, 24