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Global SalafismIslam's New Religious Movement$
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Roel Meijer

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333431

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333431.001.0001

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Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong As a Principle of Social Action

Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong As a Principle of Social Action

The Case of the Egyptian al-Jama‘a al-Islamiyya

Chapter:
(p.189) 8 Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong As a Principle of Social Action
Source:
Global Salafism
Author(s):
Roel Meijer
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333431.003.0009

One of the most important Islamic doctrines of action is the doctrine of al-amr bi-ma’ruf wa nahi ‘an al-munkar (commanding right and forbidding wrong). For Salafis it has become an important means of civil action, together with al-wala’ wa-l-bara’ (dealt with in chapter 3). This chapter analyzes the use that the Egyptian al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya has made of this concept and practice in expanding its power in Upper Egypt, and, later, to the poor neighbourhoods of Cairo. It shows how the doctrine was turned into the lynchpin of social and political activities and how it evolved into a major political doctrine, which first legitimated violence but, after the Jama’a had rejected violence (muraja’at), became a principle of civil responsibility.

Keywords:   Egypt, Jama’a al-Islamiyya, muraja’at, violence

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