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Resonances of the RajIndia in the English Musical Imagination,1897-1947$
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Nalini Ghuman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199314898

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314898.001.0001

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Modes, Mantras, and Gandharvas

Modes, Mantras, and Gandharvas

John Foulds’s Passage to India

(p.261) Chapter 6 Modes, Mantras, and Gandharvas
Resonances of the Raj

Nalini Ghuman

Oxford University Press

This chapter draws on archival materials—hitherto unviewed family letters, along with sketches, transcriptions, and autograph scores, broadcast scripts and photographs (from Delhi), and confidential reports from the BBC’s Written Archives—to examine how John Foulds developed an Indian-rooted modernism (through partnership with Maud MacCarthy) in Gandharva-Music, Three Mantras for Orchestra, and Essays in the Modes; was marginalized by the BBC; made his way into the centre of Indian music broadcasting (as music director at All India Radio, Delhi) in the Raj’s last decade; and may subsequently be viewed as a pioneer, through his ‘Indo-European Orchestra’, in cross-cultural musical collaborations. Foulds’s significance is considered in the context of correspondence with Walter Kaufmann in Mumbai, his relationship with controller of Indian broadcasting, Lionel Fielden, and pre- and post-independence music-making at All India Radio, including the harmonium ban controversy and Ravi Shankar’s reinstitution of the ‘Foulds ensemble’.

Keywords:   John Foulds, Maud MacCarthy, Three Mantras for Orchestra, All India Radio, BBC, Indian broadcasting, Walter Kaufmann, Lionel Fielden, Harmonium ban, Ravi Shankar

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