Sensorimotor synchronization (SMS), the coordination of rhythmic movement with rhythmic sensory stimuli, is a universal human skill that is fundamental to music performance and dance. This chapter discusses some of the most important findings about the synchronization of simple movements with simple rhythmic sequences. It also distinguishes three musical scenarios:(1) synchronization of simple movements with complex sequences (e.g. tapping to the beat of music), (2) synchronization of complex movements with a simple sequence (e.g. playing music with a metronome), and (3) synchronization of complex movements with a complex sequence (e.g.playing music in an ensemble).
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