Music performance anxiety
This chapter discusses music performance anxiety (MPA). MPA may be defined as a state of arousal and anxiety occurring before or while a person is performing non-anonymously in front of an audience producing a valuable or evaluated task touching on his/her self-esteem. Among the symptoms are palpitation, intestinal problems, tremor, difficulty concentrating, dry mouth, wet hands, difficulty with intonation, unreliable memory, increased sweating, and irregular breathing. The chapter also discusses its causes, prevalence, and treatment strategies. Cognitive-behavioural strategies are used by many musicians to cope with MPA: positive thought, visualization and distraction, muscle relaxation, deep breathing, proper nutrition and exercise.
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