Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Instabilities and Self-Organization in MaterialsVolume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199298686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 April 2019



Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials

Nasr M. Ghoniem

Daniel D. Walgraef

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the development of conservation and kinetic equations which govern nonequilibrium material processes. First, it discusses the concepts of mass and mass species conservation. Mass balance equations are developed in the general case, where transport is occurring simultaneously with chemical reactions. This is followed by a discussion of the conservation equations of momentum and energy, which is given in a form that is useful for solving practical problems in material processes. The thermodynamics of irreversible processes are then used to derive equations for mass and heat flow. Diffusion in solids is discussed from both microscopic and macroscopic viewpoints. Finally, it is shown that the Onsager reciprocity relations can provide links between the transport of heat, mass, and electric current, which is generally encountered in CVD and plasma processing of materials.

Keywords:   mass species conservation, mass balance, thermodynamics, solid state diffusion, mass flow, heat flow, conservation equations

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .