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Instabilities and Self-Organization in MaterialsVolume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology$
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Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199298686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001

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MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES

MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES

Chapter:
(p.886) 17 MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES
Source:
Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials
Author(s):

Nasr M. Ghoniem

Daniel D. Walgraef

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0017

This chapter is focused on mechanical instabilities, which give rise to microstructure pattern formation and eventual failure of stressed solids. Plastic instabilities are described in detail because of their importance in understanding the mechanical behaviour of materials, and because of the strong link between mechanical instabilities and failure. The problem of fracture and damage is also discussed within the present framework. Finally, some aspects of the mechanics of granular materials and associated instabilities are considered.

Keywords:   extrinsic instability, crystal plasticity, dislocation dynamics, reaction-transport models, plastic instabilities, irradiated materials, microstructure evolution, granular materials

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