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Linguistic Universals and Language Change$
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Jeff Good

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199298495

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.001.0001

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The Classification of Constituent Order Generalizations and Diachronic Explanation

The Classification of Constituent Order Generalizations and Diachronic Explanation

Chapter:
(p.233) 10 The Classification of Constituent Order Generalizations and Diachronic Explanation
Source:
Linguistic Universals and Language Change
Author(s):

John Whitman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0010

This chapter proposes a different classification of the Greenbergian constituent order universals, which extends naturally to larger compendia. Based on this classification, it suggests that the best-known generalizations of this type, cross-categorial universals, arise most plausibly through language change (and thus are usually statistical). Two other types — hierarchical and derivational universals — are true candidates for principles of synchronic grammar.

Keywords:   Greenbergian constituent order universals, language change, cross-categorical universals, hierarchical universals, derivational universals

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