Homer in the Greek Civil War (1946–1949)
This chapter looks at the reception of Homer in the Greek Civil War of 1946-9 and its aftermath. It argues that this conflict prevented straightforward assimilations of Homeric poetry, and that although poets continued to use Homer, they were much more likely to treat themes such as fratricidal strife or betrayal, or to revisit characters who are failures in Homer. In order to focus its discussion of Homeric reception in Greek literary responses to the Civil War, the chapter focuses on four emblematic figures: Lycaon, Hector, Elpenor, and Penelope.
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