Names and the lexicon
Names include personal, place, family, generic, and numeral-based classes, among others. Among classes of names, simple personal names tend to be structurally simpler; other names more typically retain their descriptive content, and thus derivational complexity. Names themselves can serve as bases for words of other classes. The formation may be nonce: it is not included in the lexicon but is coined for a particular occasion (the France I'm fond of). There are also name-based forms that involve sense or lexical knowledge, and can be lexicalized (Italian, based on a name that refers to a country, thus involving sense). Names may also be the base for formations relying on encyclopaedic knowledge concerning the fixed referent of the name (Wagnerian). Names thus participate in the derivational relationships as well in the syntactic structure of individual languages. Their use is no more a mere social (extra-linguistic) convention than any other aspect of language.
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