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Educating WomenSchooling and Identity in England and France, 1800-1867$

Christina de Bellaigue

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199289981

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289981.001.0001

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(p.240) Select Bibliography

(p.240) Select Bibliography

Source:
Educating Women
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Manuscript Sources

England

British and Foreign School Society Archive, Brunel University:

319: Middle class schools: women.

437–49: Applications and testimonials to Borough Road College (women), 1817–58.

814: Home and Colonial Training School Society Reports, 1836–1900.

College of Preceptors Archive, Institute of Education Archives, University of London: GB/366/DC/COP

Girton College, Cambridge:

GCPP Davies 9: Papers of the London Association of Schoolmistresses, 1866–88.

GCPP Parkes 1: MS writings, 1843–83.

GCPP Parkes 6: Major correspondents, 1846–72.

Harris Manchester College, Oxford: MSS J. Martineau 1, 2, 3, 8.

Keele University Library, Special Collections and Archives: Wedgwood Papers, E13, E50, E55.

King's College, Cambridge: Papers of E. M. Forster, GBR/0272/EMF/21/1.

Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington: Gill MSS.

London Metropolitan Archives:

Governess papers, I: 1846–7

E4: GBI Ladies' Accounts

North London Collegiate School Archives:

Frances Mary Buss and Family, History of the school, B1.

Place of the School in History, Rs7iv.

Register of applications for admission to North London Collegiate School, 1871, 1881.

Regent's Park College, Oxford, Angus Library, Acc. 142 Ryland/ Saffery.

Tudor Hall School, Banbury, Prospectuses and miscellaneous papers on the history of the school.

University of Sheffield, Special Collections Department, Elizabeth Firth Manuscripts, MS 58/A–B.

Whitelands College, London, Archives, Register of Mistresses, 3 vols., 1842–9

France

Archives Nationales: Sous‐série F17: Instruction publique 2680, 6843–9, 9763–71, 12431, 12432, 12433, 12448, 20215–22999.

Archives Départementales:

Gironde: principally séries T (Instruction publique) and Depot Vt III 3e E: Brevets de Capacité.

Nord: principally séries T (Instruction publique) and J (Archives privées).

Seine: principally séries VD (Fonds des mairies), D2 T1 (Personnel enseignant dans les écoles privées de jeunes filles 1836–49), DT Supplément (Déclarations d'ouverture), séries Q (Enregistrement), D10 (Faillites), and séries U (Justice).

(p.241) Archives Municipales de Bordeaux: Fonds Ploux, Fonds Ferrere.

Archives Municipales de Douai: series R (Instruction publique).

Printed Primary Sources

When these works are comparative or European in perspective, they are classified by language. For instance, C. Campbell‐Orr (ed.), Wollstonecraft's daughters: womanhood in England and France, 1780–1920 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996), is to be found in the sources on England.

England

Advice to governesses (London, 1827).

Aikin, Lucy, Epistles on women (London, 1818).

Austen, Jane, Emma (London: Penguin Books, 1996).

Bainbridge, William Henry, A lecture to promote the establishment of a governesses' institution in Liverpool (London, 1849).

Barbauld, Anna Laetitia, A legacy for young ladies, consisting of miscellaneous pieces in prose and verse by the late Mrs Barbauld, ed. Lucy Aikin (Boston, 1826).

Beale, Dorothea, ‘On the education of girls, by a Utopian’, Fraser's Magazine, 74 (Oct. 1866), 509–24.

—— Reports issued by the Schools Inquiry Commission on the education of girls (London, 1869).

—— ‘Girls' schools past and present’, Nineteenth Century, 25 (1888), 541–54.

Beale, D. and Soulsby, L., Work and play in girls' schools (London, 1898).

Beard, John Relly, ‘What should a woman learn?’, Monthly Repository, 5 (Aug. 1831), 526–31.

Bennet, George (ed.) The Christian governess: a memoir and selection from the correspondence of Miss Sarah Bennet (London, 1862).

Bennet, Georgiana, Remarks on female education (London, 1842).

Boucherett, Jessie, ‘The condition of women in France’, Contemporary Review, 5 (1867), 98–113.

Broadhurst, Frances, A word in favour of female schools (London, 1826).

Brontë, Anne. Agnes Grey, 2nd edn. (Edinburgh, 1850).

Brontë, Charlotte, Jane Eyre (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).

—— Villette (London: Penguin Books, 1979).

Browne, Mary, The diary of a girl in France, ed. H. N. Shore (London: John Murray, 1905).

Butler, Josephine, An autobiographical memoir (Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith, 1909).

Chirol, John Louis, An enquiry into the best system of female education, or boarding school and home education attentively considered (London, 1809).

Clough, Anne Jemima, ‘Hints on the organization of girls’ schools’, Macmillan's Magazine, 14 (Oct. 1866), 434–9.

Clough, Blanche Athena, A memoir of Anne Jemima Clough (London, 1897).

Cobbe, Frances Power, Female education and how it would be affected by university examinations, 2nd edn. (London, 1862).

—— Life of Frances Power Cobbe by herself (London, 1894).

The complete governess: a course of mental instruction for ladies, by an experienced teacher (London, 1826).

(p.242) Crockford's Scholastic Directory for 1861 (London, 1861).

Davies, Emily, The higher education of women, 2nd edn. (London, 1988).

Down, T. C., ‘Schooldays with Miss Clough’, Cornhill Magazine, 3rd series, 48 (1920), 674–8.

Eastlake, Elizabeth, ‘Vanity Fair, Jane Eyre and the Governesses Benevolent Institution’, Quarterly Review, 84 (Dec. 1848), 153–85.

Edgeworth, Maria, Letters to literary ladies (London: Everyman, 1993).

Ellis, Mildred, ‘Education of Young Ladies’, Central Society for Education, First Publication (1838).

Ellis, Sarah, The women of England: their social duties and domestic habits (London, 1839).

—— The home life and letters of Mrs Ellis, compiled by her nieces (London, 1893).

Eliot, George, ‘Woman in France: Mme de Sablé’, Westminster Review, 91 (1854), 448–73.

Fawcett, Millicent Garrett, What I remember (London: F. Unwin, 1924).

Fitton, Sarah, How I became a governess (London, 1861).

Fraser, Mary Crawford, A diplomatist's wife in many lands, 2 vols. (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1911).

Gardiner, Everilda Anne, Recollections of a beloved mother (London, 1842).

Elizabeth Gaskell: a portrait in Letters, ed. J. A. V. Chapple (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1980).

The letters of Elizabeth Gaskell, ed. J. A. V. Chapple and A. Pollard (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997).

The Governess, a repertory of female education, 1855–6.

Governesses' Benevolent Institution (GBI), Reports of the committee of management, 1843–1853 (London, 1844–54).

Haldane, Mary Elizabeth, Mary Elizabeth Haldane, a record of a hundred years, 1825–1925 (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1925).

Harrison, Jane Elizabeth, Reminiscences of a student's life (London: Hogarth Press, 1925).

Havergal, Maria, Memorials of Frances Ridley Havergal (London, 1880).

Herford, William Henry, In Memoriam: Louisa Carbutt and Brooke House, 1860–1870 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1907).

Hints to a young governess on beginning a school (London, 1857).

‘An inquiry into the state of girls’ fashionable schools’, Fraser's Magazine, 31 (1845), 703–12.

Jolly, Sarah, Thoughts on the vocation and profession of the teacher (London, 1854).

Jones, Emily, As I remember: an autobiographical ramble (London: A. & C. Black, 1922).

Memorial of Agnes Elizabeth Jones (1832–1868) (London, 1871).

Kavanagh, Julia, Nathalie, 3 vols. (London, 1850).

Keary, Eliza, Memoir of Annie Keary (London, 1882).

Kemble, Frances Ann, Records of a girlhood: an autobiography, 3 vols. (London, 1878).

Lachlan, Elizabeth, Jehovh‐Jireh, or the provisions of a faithful God (London, 1850).

A Legacy of affection, advice and instruction from a retired governess to the present pupils of an establishment near London for female education (London, 1827).

Lumsden, Louisa, Yellow leaves: memories of a long life (Edinburgh: Blackwood & Sons, 1933).

McCrindell, Rachel, The schoolgirl in France, 4th edn. (New York, 1846).

Mair, Robert H., The educator's guide for teachers, parents and guardians (London, 1866).

(p.243) Elizabeth Malleson: autobiographical notes and letters, ed. Hope Malleson (London: privately printed, 1926).

Martineau, Harriet, ‘Female industry’, Edinburgh Review, 222 (1859), 293–337.

—— ‘Middle class education in England’, Cornhill Magazine, 10 (1864), 549–68.

—— ‘On female education’, Monthly Repository, 18 (1823), 77–81.

—— Autobiography (London: Virago, 1983).

Harriet Martineau: selected letters, ed. Valerie Sanders (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Harriet Martineau's letters to Fanny Wedgwood, ed. Elizabeth Arbuckle (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1983).

Maurice, Mary, Governess life: its trials, duties and encouragements (London, 1836).

—— Mothers and governesses (London, 1847)

The life of Mary Russell Mitford, related in a selection from her letters to her friends, ed. A. G. L'Estrange, 3 vols. (London, 1870).

More, Hannah, Strictures on the modern system of female education with a view of the principles and conduct prevalent among women of rank and fortune, 2 vols. (London, 1826).

Nevinson, Margaret Wynne, Life's fitful fever: a volume of memories (London: A. & C. Black, 1920).

Pankhurst, Emmeline, My own story (London: Eveleigh Nash, 1914).

Parkes, Bessie Rayner, Essays on women's work (London, 1865).

Parliamentary papers XXVIII: Reports of the Schools Inquiry Commission (London, 1868).

Pendered, Anne Eliza, Remarks on female education, adapted particularly to the regulation of schools (London, 1823)

Pitman, Emma, My governess life (London, 1883).

Reeve, Clara, Plans of education, with remarks on the system of other writers (London, 1792).

Ridout, S. F., Letters to a young governess on the principles of education (London, 1838).

Robinson, Clare, Notes and letters (Frome: Limpsfield & Co., 1906).

Ruskin, John, The Winnington Letters: John Ruskin's correspondence with Margaret Alexis Bell and the children at Winnington Hall, ed. John Van Aikin Burd (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1969).

Sewell, Elizabeth, Principles of education drawn from nature and revelation and applied to female education in the upper classes, 2 vols. (London, 1865).

—— ‘The reign of pedantry in girls’ schools’, Nineteenth Century, 23 (1888), 216–38.

—— Autobiography of Elizabeth Missing Sewell (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1907).

The life of Mrs Sherwood (chiefly autobiographical), ed. Sophia Kelly (London, 1854)

Shirreff, Emily, Intellectual education and its influence on the character and happiness of women (London, 1858)

Shorter, Clement (ed.), The Brontës: life and letters, 2 vols., 2nd edn. (New York: Haskell House Publishers, 1969).

The memoirs of Susan Sibbald (1783–1812), ed. Francis Paget‐Hett (London: J. Lane, 1926).

Smith, Charlotte, Anne Cave, 2 vols. (London, 1864).

Smith, Mary, Autobiography of Mary Smith, schoolmistress and non‐conformist, 2 vols. (London, 1892).

The letters of S.S.S and L.H.M.S: Mrs and Miss Soulsby, ed. E.A, B.H.S., and P.H. (London: privately printed, 1929).

Squier, J. O., The character and mission of women (London, 1837).

Stevens, C., Guide for governesses (English and Foreign) Nursery and Finishing (York, 1875).

(p.244) Stoddart, Anna, Life and letters of Hannah E. Pipe (London, 1908).

Taylor, Ann, Hints on the education of girls (London, 1814).

Transactions of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, 1859–65.

Ward, Mrs Humphry, A writer's recollections, 2 vols. (London: William Collins, 1918).

Webb, Beatrice, My apprenticeship, 2nd edn. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

Whittaker, G. B., Boarding schools and London masters’ directory (London, 1828).

Willard, Emma, Journals and letters from France and Great Britain (New York, 1833).

Wilson, Sheridan, Agnes Moreville (London, 1845).

Woman's worth, or hints to raise the female character (London, 1844).

A word to a young governess by an old one (London, 1860).

Yonge, Charlotte, Womankind (London, 1876).

France

A. M. (Madame), Les Promenades du pensionnat: ouvrage moral, instructif et amusant, dédié aux jeunes demoiselles (Paris, 1825).

Ackermann, Louise, Œuvres de Louise Ackermann. Ma vie, premières poésies (Paris, 1885).

Adam, Juliette, Mme Adam (Juliette Lamber). Le roman de mon enfance et de ma jeunesse (Paris: A. Lemerre, 1902).

Allix, Mlles, Trois allocutions adressées aux familles par Mlles Allix, lors des distribution de prix qui ont eu lieu à leur institution, les trois premières années de sa fondatoin, les 17 août 1843, 16 août 1844, 19 août 1845, Institution Allix, Fontenay‐le‐Comte (Vendée), 2 rue des Capucins (Paris, 1845).

Armaillé, Comtesse d’, Quand on savait vivre heureux (1830–1860), souvenirs de jeunesse (Paris, 1931).

Audouard, Olympe, Voyage à travers mes souvenirs (Paris, 1884).

Bachellery, Joséphine, Discours prononcé par Mme Bachellery, le jour de la distribution des prix, donné le 25 août 1842, en son institution, Passage Sandrié, 2 (Paris, 1842).

—— Discours prononcé par Mme Bachellery, le jour de la distribution des prix, donnés le 21 août 1843 en son Institution, Passage Sandrié 2, à Paris (Paris, 1843).

—— Lettres sur l’éducation des femmes (Paris, 1848).

—— Discours prononcé par Mme Bachellery, le jour de la distribution des prix, en son institution, Grande Rue Neuve, Cote St André (Isère) (Lyon, 1857).

—— Discours prononcé par Mme Bachellery, le jour de la distribution des prix, donné le 21 août 1858, en son institution, Grande Rue Neuve, Cote St André (Isère) (Lyon, 1858).

Badère, Clémence, Mes mémoires (Paris, 1886).

Barrau, Caroline, La femme et l’éducation (Paris, 1870).

Bastard de Saulieu (Madame), Dernière année du pensionnat (Paris, 1826).

Bonnefonds, Elisabeth de, Mes souvenirs (Paris, 1869).

Bourdon, Mathilde, Souvenirs d'une institutrice (Paris, 1859).

Mémoires de Adèle Boury (Paris, 1833).

Brada, Mme (pseud. of Henrietta Consuela de Puliga), Souvenirs d'une petite du Second Empire (Paris, 1921).

Breton, Geneviève, Journal 1867–1875 (Paris: Ramsay, 1985).

Bronville, Laure, Mémoire en défense et expertise pour Mlle Laure Bronville (Pensionnat, demi‐pension et externat de demoiselles) contre la ville de Paris (Paris, 1865).

Buisson, Ferdinand (ed.), Nouveau dictionnaire de pédagogie et d'instruction primaire, 2nd edn., 2 vols. (Paris, 1914).

Caillard, Marie, Entretiens familiers d'une institutrice avec ses élèves (Paris, 1863).

(p.245) Caillot, Antoine, Tableau des exercices et de l'enseignement en usage dans un pensionnat de jeunes demoiselles dirigé par une sage institutrice, 2 vols. (Paris, 1816).

Camecasse, Valentine, Souvenirs de Mme Camecasse, Douai au XIXe siècle, salons parlementaires sous la IIIe République (Paris, 1924).

Campan, Jeanne, De l’éducation, suivi de conseils aux jeunes filles, 3 vols. (Paris, 1824).

Capelle, Marie, Mémoires de Marie Capelle, Veuve Lafarge, écrits par elle‐même, 4 vols. (Paris, 1841–2).

Carroy (Madame), Étude et récréation ou l'intérieur d'un pensionnat: ouvrage divisé en trente journées, contenant plusieurs histories morale et instructives, dédié aux jeunes demoiselles (Paris, 1825).

Charpentier, Léopold, Des moyens d'améliorer et de généraliser l’éducation des jeunes filles (Paris, 1838).

Conseils d'une maîtresse de pension à ses élèves, sur la politesse et sur la manière de se conduire dans le monde, 4th edn. (Lyon, 1841).

Daubié, Julie‐Victoire, La femme pauvre au XIXe siècle, 3rd edn., 2 vols. (Paris: Côté‐femmes, 1992).

Dauriat, Louise, Mémoire adressé à Messieurs les membres du Conseil Général du Département de la Seine (Paris, 1846).

Delacoste, Amicie, Souvenirs de la Marquise Delacoste (Lille, 1886).

Demogeot, Joseph and Montucci, Henry, De l'enseignement secondaire en Angleterre et en Écosse (Paris, 1868).

Desplechin, Mme, Essai sur l’éducation par Mme D——, Institutrice (Paris, 1825).

Dupanloup, Félix‐Antoine, Femmes savantes et femmes studieuses (Paris, 1867).

—— La femme studieuse, 3rd edn. (Paris, 1875).

—— M. Duruy et l’éducation des filles. Lettre de Mgr. L'Evêque d'Orléans à un des ses collègues (Paris, 1867).

Dupuy, Mme, ‘Pension normale de jeunes filles Protestantes’, Archives du Christianisme, 11 (1828), 378.

Esquiros, Adèle, Histoire d'une sous‐maîtresse (Paris, 1861).

Examen de conscience d'une pensionnaire, à l'usage des maisons d’éducation (Paris, 1825).

Fallet, Céline, Education des jeunes filles. Conseils aux mères et aux institutrices (Paris, 1854).

Farrenc, Césarée, Ce que peut être une femme (Paris, 1874).

Fénelon, François Salignac de la Mothe, De l’éducation des filles, ed. C. Defodon, 3rd edn. (Paris, 1882).

Gautier, Judith, Le collier des jours, souvenirs de ma vie (Paris, 1904).

Genlis, Stéphanie‐Félicité Du Crest, de, Discours sur la suppression des couvents des religieuses et sur l’éducation publique des femmes (Paris, 1790).

Goblet, François, Dictionnaire administratif et topographique de la ville de Paris (Paris, 1808).

Gossot, Emile, Un pensionnat d'autrefois. Souvenirs d'une pensionnaire (Tours: A. Mame et fils, 1900).

Goy, P., L’éducation des filles. Discours prononcé dans l’École Normale de Sainte Foy, le 6 juillet 1868 (Paris, 1868).

Le Groing la Maisonneuve, Antoinette, Essai sur le genre d'instruction qui paraît le plus analogue à la destination des femmes (Paris, an VII).

Guide de la pieuse pensionnaire, à l'usage des pensions et de toutes les maisons religieuses d’éducation, 2nd edn. (Tours, 1850)

(p.246) Guizot, Pauline, Education domestique ou Lettres de famille sur l’éducation, 2 vols. (Paris, 1826).

Jubé de la Perelle, Camille, Des établissements d’éducation de la première enfance et des établissments d’éducation des filles (Paris, 1849).

Kilian, Etienne, De l'instruction des filles à ses divers degrés, institutions et pensions, enseignement primaire, supérieure et élémentaire (Paris, 1842).

Leblois, L., La mission de la femme et en particulier son rôle dans l’éducation religieuse de l'enfance, 3rd edn. (Paris, 1870).

Lebrun, Isidore, Vues sur l'organization de l'Instruction Publique et sur l’éducation des filles (Paris, 1816).

Legouvé, Ernest, La femme en France au XIXe siècle, 2nd edn. (Paris, 1873)

Lemonnier, Charles, Elisa Lemonnier, fondatrice de la société pour l'enseignement professionnel des femmes (Saint‐Germain, 1866).

Léon, Henri, Les indiscrétions de Jehan Bomoloque à l'endroit des maîtresses de pensions (Paris, 1855).

Lévi, M., Discours en vers, prononcé à la distribution des prix de l'institution de Mme Le Duc‐Housset, le 23 août 1825, par M.Lévi, Professeur (Paris, 1825).

Lévi‐Alvarès, David, Education secondaire et supérieure des jeunes filles (Paris, 1847).

—— Instruction publique et privée. Manuel de la méthode de M. D. Lévi (Paris, 1835–6).

—— Éducation des femmes. David Lévi‐Alvarès, 1794–1870, ed. T. Lévi‐Alvarès, 2 vols. (Paris: L. Cerf, 1909).

Lequien, Mlle, Institution des jeunes demoiselles dirigée par Mlle Lequien. Discours prononcé à la distribution des prix, le 28 août 1838, Poissy (Paris, 1838).

Une belle âme. Notice et souvenirs intimes de Mlle Adeline Lombrail (Lille, 1913).

Louis, Mme (Veuve), Mémoires, écrits par elle‐même (Bordeaux, 1844).

Loveday, Douglas, Petition à la Chambre des Pairs par Douglas Loveday se plaignant du rapt de séduction opéré sur ses deux filles et sur sa nièce dans une maison d’éducation, où il les avait placées à Paris (Paris, 1821).

Maintenon, Françoise de, Entretiens sur l’éducation des filles, ed. Th. Lavallée (Paris, 1854).

Marchef‐Girard, Joséphine, Les femmes, leur passé, le présent, leur avenir (Paris, 1860).

Marguerin, E. and Motheré, J., De l'enseignement des classes moyennes et des classes ouvrières en Angleterre (Paris, 1864).

Martin, Louis‐Aimé, De l’éducation des mères de famille, ou de la civilisation du genre humain par les femmes (Paris, 1834).

Martin, Thérèse Mélanie, Souvenirs d'une ancienne élève de la Maison d'Education de la Légion d'Honneur d'Ecouen (Saint Dizier, 1924).

Méliot, Agathe, Derniers conseils, conversations entre une institutrice et ses élèves sur divers sujets de morale et d'instruction (Paris, 1841).

Michel, Louise, Je vous écris de ma nuit: correspondence générale, 1850–1904, ed. Xavière Gauthier (Paris: Éditions de Paris, 1999).

Un ménage d'artistes sous le Premier Empire, Journal inédit de Mme Moitte, femme de Jean‐Guillaume Moitte, statuaire, membre de l'academie des Beaux‐Arts, 1805–7, ed. P. Cottin (Paris: Plon, 1932).

Necker de Saussure, Albertine, L’éducation progressivem ou, étude du cours de la vie. Vol. III: Étude de la vie des femmes (Paris, 1838).

Le petit manuel de la pieuse pensionnaire, ou recueil de réflexions, prières et pratiques de piété à l'usage de la jeunesse Chrétienne, (Paris, 1836).

(p.247) Picanon, Mme (Henriette Berthoud), Mon frère et moi. Souvenirs de jeunesse, accompagnés de poèsies d'Eugène Berthoud (Paris, 1876).

Elizabeth de Prades. Sa vie. Son journal. Ses funérailles, ed. Henri Calbiat (Tours, 1890).

Puech, Hermance, Nôtre ange‐gardien. Souvenirs intimes (Paris, 1891).

Rémusat, Claire de, Essai sur l’éducation des femmes (Paris, 1826).

Renan, Ernest, Ma sœur Henriette (Paris, 1896).

Renneville, Sophie de, Lettres d'Octavie, jeune pensionnaire de la Maison St Clair, ou essai sur l’éducation de demoiselles (Paris, 1806).

Revue de l'enseignement des femmes, January 1845–January 1848.

Riobé, Charles, Notice sur ma fille (Le Mans, 1863).

Rivail, H. L. D., Projet de réforme concernant les examens et les maisons d’éducation des jeunes personnes, suivi d'une proposition touchant à l'adoption des ouvrages classiques par l'Université au sujet du nouveau projet de loi sur l'enseignement (Paris, 1847).

Le Roy, Mélanie, Veillées des pensionnaires ou les récréations d'une retraite (Paris, 1830).

Sand, George, Correspondance de George Sand, ed. G. Lubin, 25 vols. (Paris: Garnier, 1964–91).

—— Histoire de ma vie (Paris: Stock, 1996).

Sault, C. de (pseud. of Claire de Charnacé), ‘Les femmes dans la société anglaise’, Revue Européenne, 8 (1860), 299–31.

Sauvan, Jeanne Lucile, Cours normal des institutrices primaires (Paris, 1840).

Shaw, Mathilde, Illustres et inconnus, souvenirs de ma vie (Paris, 1906).

Simons‐Candeille, Mme, Souvenirs de Brighton, de Londres et de Paris: et quelques fragmens de littérature légère (Paris, 1818).

Sincère, Marie (pseud. of Marie Romieu), Les pensionnats de jeunes filles (Paris, 1853).

—— La femme au XIXe siècle (Paris, 1858).

Stern, Daniel (pseud. of Marie d'Agoult), Mes souvenirs 1806–33 (Paris, 1877).

Tristan, Flora, Promenades dans Londres, ou l'aristocratie et les prolétaires anglais, ed. François Bédarida (Paris: François Maspero, 1978).

Villars, Fanny, Deux ans dans la vie d'une jeune fille (Paris, 1868).

Weiler, Amelie, Journal d'une jeune fille mal dans son siècle, 1840–1859, ed. Nicolas Stoskopf (Strasbourg: La Nuée bleue, 1994).

Secondary Literature

England

Aldrich, R., School, and society in Victorian Britain: Joseph Payne and the new world of education (Epping: College of Preceptors, 1995).

Allen, K. and Mackinnon, A., ‘ “Allowed and expected to be educated and intelligent”: the education of Quaker girls in nineteenth century England’, History of Education, 27 (Dec. 1998), 391–402.

Anderson, K., ‘Frances Mary Buss, the founder as headmistress, 1850–1894,’ in The North London Collegiate School, 1850–1950 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1950), 37–9.

Auerbach, N., Communities of women: an idea in fiction (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978).

Bamford, T. W., The rise of the public schools (London: Nelson, 1967).

(p.248) Banks, O., Biographical dictionary of British feminists, 1800–1930 (Brighton: Wheatsheaf, 1985).

Bellaigue, C. de, ‘The development of teaching as a profession for women before 1870’, Historical Journal, 44 (2001), 963–88.

—— ‘ “Educational homes” and “barrack‐like schools”: cross‐Channel perspectives on secondary education for boys in mid‐nineteenth century England and France’, Oxford Studies in Comparative Education, 14/2 (2004).

Binfield, C., Belmont's Portias: Victorian non‐conformist education for girls (London: Dr William's Trust, 1981).

Bryant, M., The unexpected revolution: a study in the history of the education of women and girls in the nineteenth century (London: University of London, 1979).

—— The London experience of secondary education (London: Athlone Press, 1986).

Burstall, S., The story of Manchester High School for Girls (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1911).

Burstyn, J., Victorian education and the ideal of womanhood (London: Croom Helm, 1980).

Caine, B., Destined to be wives: the sisters of Beatrice Webb, 2nd edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Campbell‐Orr, C. (ed.), Wollstonecraft's daughters: womanhood in England and France, 1780–1920 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996).

Carpenter, J. E., The life and work of Mary Carpenter (London, 1879).

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