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Iris Murdoch, Philosopher$

Justin Broackes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199289905

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.001.0001

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(p.375) Index

(p.375) Index

Source:
Iris Murdoch, Philosopher
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Achtung (Kant)32, 71, 218–19
action15n, 39, 182–7, 189, 194, 197–99, 202, 205–6, 258, 309n
Adler, Günther129
Adler, Jeremy129n
Aeschylus2
agency140, 142, 143, 150–3, 161–3, 182, 186, 189, 202, 220–1, 225, 309n
Ainslie, Donald234n
Albertine (in Proust)151
Aldwinckle, Stella120n
Allison, Henry220n, 221n
Altham, J. E. J. 253n
Altorf, Marije91n
Ameriks, Karl220n
Angst45, 50, 71
Anscombe, G. E. M. 2, 3n, 4, 5, 8, 14n, 15n, 36n, 37n, 123–4, 125, 157, 166, 176, 188n, 283, 289n, 305
‘Modern Moral Philosophy’11n, 14n, 15n, 36, 37n, 39, 46, 47, 49
and ‘moral psychology’  36n
St Anselm of Canterbury97, 169, 173
Antigone (Sophocles)33
anti-social personality disorder (APD)337n–338n
Antonaccio, Maria85, 88, 90n, 201n, 211n, 212n, 241n, 250n, 251, 302n
anxiety146–47
Apollo (in Greek myth), 92n; see also Loxias, P. A. (in The Black Prince)
Aquinas, Thomas53
Thomists and Thomism37n
Aristotelians and Aristotelianism89, 157, 210n, 228, 238n, 252n, 277, 287n, 290, 321
Aristotle9n, 11n, 14, 37n, 89, 95, 96, 103, 156, 227n, 230n, 233n, 272n, 273n, 284–7
Arrowby, Charles (in The Sea, The Sea) 128
art32–4, 45, 58, 60–61, 63, 66n, 69–72, 74, 76, 83, 87, 88, 126, 133, 137, 144, 146–53, 161, 168, 175, 259, 278, 305
aspect (and ‘seeing as’), ‘aspectual properties’49n, 91,105, 188–91, 330–3, 335, 338
Augustinus, Aurelius (Saint Augustine) 95, 96, 97, 100, 108, 160, 169
Austen, Jane, Sense and Sensibility 231–3
Austin, J. L. 5, 29, 41, 49n, 123, 199, 201, 204n, 206, 218
authenticity99
autism341–6
Axel (in A Fairly Honourable Defeat) 319–22
Ayer, A. J. 5, 47n–48n, 122, 166, 186, 199, 204n
Backus, Guy91n
bad faith258
Baffin, Julian (in The Black Prince) 135–37, 144, 146, 147, 149, 151, 152
Bagnoli, Carla89, 192n, 210n, 212n, 221n
Baier, Annette216n
Baillie, J. B. 4n
Bain, Alexander280
Barnes, Jonathan103n
Baron, Marcia287n
Baron-Cohen, Simon341n, 342n, 346
Bass, Jack227n, 234n
Bayley, John88, 111, 131, 151, 152
Beatrice (in Dante’s Divine Comedy) 141, 143
beauty63, 70, 138, 143, 147
Beauvoir, Simone19, 34, 166
Beckett, Samuel, Murphy 121n
being93–4, 97
being-in-the-world (In-der-Welt-Sein (Heidegger)) 96
Belfounder, Hugo, as portrait of Yorick Smythies (in Under the Net)120, 122, 125–6, 133
Benedikt, Friedl129
Benhabib, Seyla162
Bennett, Jonathan244
Bentham, Jeremy281
Benthamite31, 278
Bergotte (in Proust)150n
Berlin, Isaiah6n, 166
Bérulle, Pierre, Cardinal de54
Bigsby, Christopher19n 79, 89
Black, Max49n
Blackburn, Simon17n, 87n, 233n
Blair, R. J. R. 90, 336n, 340–8
Blick, Calvin (in The Flight from the Enchanter)
in relation to Elias Canetti130, 132, 133
Blum, Lawrence H. 20n, 90, 91, 222n, 230n, 236n, 238n, 276n, 288, 296–7, 322n
Botting, Douglas128n
Bovary, Emma, (Flaubert)305
Bradley, F. H. 5, 10n, 14n, 43n, 94, 171
Brandom, Robert212n, 222n, 225n
(p.376) Brentano, Franz18
Brewer, Bill85n
Broackes, Justin283n, 312n
Broad, C. D. 4, 36n
Brutus305
Buchdahl, Gerd4
Buddha and Buddhism95, 290
Byatt, A. S. 121, 156n
Camus, Albert34
Canetti, Veza127
Canetti, Elias13n, 88, 116, 166
portrayed as Mischa Fox and Calvin Blick (in The Flight from the Enchanter)127–33
caricature181, 203n
Carnap, Rudolph47n
‘Cartesian subject’, the94–6, 98, 100
Casement, Agnes (in The Flight from the Enchanter)132
Cavell, Stanley200n
Cézanne, Paul45, 86
character14n, 220, 230–4, 238, 240, 242–3, 278, 314,
Chaucer, Geoffrey126
Christianity21, 38, 43, 56, 60, 94, 106, 121, 126, 158, 169
Clarke, Bridget89, 91, 231n, 234n
class prejudice and snobbery13n, 27n, 28n, 250–1, 260, 318–19
Cloud of Unknowing, The126
Cockeyne, Annette (in The Flight from the Enchanter)131, 132
cognitivism327, 336; see also realism, moral
Collet, Ernest121n
Collingwood, R. G. 52n, 94
conceptual analysis160, 161
conceptual scheme10, 12, 26, 80
conceptual change26, 221
reform and revision2, 12–13, 26, 32n, 57, 80, 205n
Conradi, Peter J. 88, 111, 117, 119n, 133n, 156n, 158, 163, 165, 166, 167, 175, 177n, 183n, 249n, 289n, 318n, 320n
Iris Murdoch: A Life2–7, 9n, 11, 20n, 78–81 and passim
convention, social33, 34, 46n, 89, 256–61, 264, 266–7, 272
conventional requirements342–9
Copperfield, David (in Dickens)148
Cornford, Christopher78–9
Cosman, Milein128
Crisp, Roger16n, 89, 91, 293, 294, 300, 305
Cudworth, Ralph36n
Dancy, Jonathan18n, 210n, 230n, 299–300
Moral Reasons18n
Daniel, Peter125
Dante Alighieri88, 92n, 126, 131, 135n, 137, 140–4, 145, 148
Dasein (Heidegger)95–106, 187
Dashwood, John (in Sense and Sensibility)231–3
David Copperfield (Dickens)148
David, Gwenda128
Davidson, Donald7n, 18
‘Mental Events’51–53
Davies, Martin85n
death74
deliberation196, 204–7, 213, 223, 320–3
Demiurge, the (in Plato, Timaeus)211, 213
Denham, A. E. 90, 296, 297
Derrida, Jacques87, 93, 94, 100, 102, 168, 172
Descartes, René53, 54–5, 94, 95, 173
‘descriptive’ vs. ‘evaluative’ dichotomy in language7n, 10n, 11n, 12n, 14–16, 24–7, 47–8, 124, 185–6, 189–90, 200n, 204, 207–8, 211 see also ‘thick’ and ‘thin’ moral concepts
desire8
determinism190
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)338n
Diamond, Cora199 n, 213n, 268n
Dido, love for Aeneas141
Dionysus (in Greek myth)92 n
Dipple, Elizabeth156 n, 320 n
discipleship121, 128, 130, 133
Donaghue, Jake (in Under the Net)121n, 122, 125, 126, 133
Donner, Clive126n
Dooley, Gillian, From a Tiny Corner in the House of Fiction (ed.)3n, 19n
Dostoevsky, Fyodor44, 132
Douglas, Mary127n, 129n
Dover, K. J. 139n
Driver, Julia90, 279n
Drury, M. O’C., ‘Conversations with Wittgenstein’29n
Dummett, Michael5, 18, 49n, 64n
duty159, 168–9, 208, 270, 282–4
Eckhart, Meister169
Edsall, Mary316n, 317n
Edsall, Thomas316n, 317n
ego, selfishness, and the egotistical self2, 9n, 45, 56, 59, 61, 62, 66, 69–71, 76, 77, 83, 86, 136–7, 142–8, 172, 178, 184, 194, 218–19, 232, 238–9, 261, 264, 272, 283, 285–8, 290, 295, 312, 319
desiderative egocentrism339, 341, 345
(p.377) distress egocentrism348–51
mindreading egocentrism340
Eichmann, Adolf282
Eleatic Stranger (in Plato’s Sophist), the93–4
Electra (in Greek myth)91
Eliot, George258
Daniel Deronda22
Eliot, T. S., ‘Burnt Norton’75n
Ellison, Ralph235–6, 235n, 237, 238, 249
emotion90, 184, 187, 207, 326
emotivism186, 204n
Empedocles93
empiricism57, 93–5, 107, 165, 167, 170, 171, 175, 183, 257–8
Murdoch’s use of the term57n
‘energy’56–8, 60, 62n, 70, 71, 74, 77, 262, 312n, 317, 319, 352
erotic love86, 136–7, 138–40, 142, 143, 148
everydayness (Alltäglichkeit (Heidegger))101
existentialism1, 18, 19, 21, 34, 39, 40–2, 45, 47, 50, 53–5, 56, 59, 61, 69, 71, 81, 88–9, 97, 164, 167, 181–96, 257–8, 313
‘existentialist-behaviourist’ moral psychology40–1, 69, 89
externalism (in theory of meaning)85
externalism vs. internalism see under moral motivation
fables, stories, parables (in moral thinking)25–7, 211, 215, 290
fact/value distinction12, 24, 30, 86–7, 99–101, 108, 124, 185–7, 207–9, 213, 244, 268, 294
facticity192, 193; see also bad faith
fantasy2, 34, 59, 61, 66n, 69, 71, 75–6, 83, 93, 121, 136, 137, 144, 218, 239, 251, 262–7, 271–2, 288, 312–13, 315–19, 321
Fardon, Richard129n
feminism127
feminist philosophy246
Finn, Huckleberry (in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn)243–4
Flew, Anthony58n
Foot, Michael6n, 7n
Foot, Philippa2, 3, 5, 6n, 7, 8, 11n, 15, 16n, 17n, 28n, 36n, 47n, 49n, 116, 117, 120, 121n, 124n, 210, 305
friendship with Murdoch6n–7n
‘Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake?’11n
‘Moral Arguments’15n, 16n, 28n
‘Moral Beliefs’6, 7, 15, 16n
‘Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives’11n
‘When is a Principle a Moral Principle?’15n
Forbes, Allan127n, 128n
Fox, Mischa (in The Flight from the Enchanter), and E. Canetti120, 127, 128, 130, 131–3
Fraenkel, Eduard2
Francesca da Rimini142
Frankfurt, Harry220n
Frege, Gottlob49n, 64, 65
French, Peter A. 276n
Freud, Sigmund2, 56, 59, 74n, (esp. on phantasy, neurosis, and the difficulty of facing reality) 75–6, 124, 218n, 239, 261–3, 312
Freudian57, 312, 315
Frost, Honor127n
Frye, Marilyn89, 229, 246–52
‘consciousness-raising’248
pattern-perception246–50, 251
Gamwell, Franklin249n
Gardiner, Patrick4, 5
Geach, Peter36n, 49n, 64n
Gellner, Dave (in Under the Net)122
Gellner, E. A. 5, 19, 27
‘Ethics and Logic’19n
Words and Things6n
generality147, 295–6, 298, 304; see also universality
‘genetic’ theory of meaning39–42, 50–1
Gibieuf, Guillaume54
Gillberg, Christopher343n
Gilson, Étienne53n
Glock, Clement128
Glock, William128
Glover, Jonathan178
good, the16n, 38, 43n, 45–6, 55–78, 99–100, 116–17, 119, 138–40, 168, 172–5, 186, 208, 236, 238, 241–3, 248–9, 269, 288, 289, 294, 352
as indefinable73, 305
as ‘magnetic’62, 87, 90, 208n, 290, 311–12, 327
as necessary60, 62–4, 67, 173
as perfect60, 63–4, 73, 174, 200; see also perfection
as real45–6, 59–60, 63, 65, 66, 74, 86; see also moral realism
as transcendent35, 58–9, 61, 63, 65, 73, 132, 174, 241–2, 289
‘for nothingness’ of 16, 78, 289
unity of60, 73, 173–5, 269–71
Gordon, David J. 156n
Grene, Marjorie55n
Grice, H. P. 4
Gwendolen (in Daniel Deronda)22
(p.378) Hallie, Phillip277n, 281n
Halperin, David140n
Hamburger, Anne127n
Hamlet (in Shakespeare)125
Hampshire, Stuart4, 5n, 6n, 8, 9n, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43n, 47–8, 59, 79–80, 166, 177n, 199, 200n, 201n, 205, 206, 212n, 313
Freedom of the Individual79
Thought and Action9n, 15n, 42n, 48n, 200n, 201n, 205, 313
happiness277, 285, 296
Hare, R. D. 325n, 337–8, 340n
Hare, R. M. 1, 4, 5, 7n, 8, 10n, 11n, 12, 13n, 14, 15n, 19, 21, 23–9, 38n, 43, 44, 45n, 47n, 48, 74n, 90, 94, 151, 166, 186, 199, 200n, 204, 205n, 214, 222n, 282, 294, 295, 303, 308n
‘Imperative Sentences’24n
The Language of Morals15n, 24, 26n see also universalizability
Harman, Gilbert7n
Harpham, Geoffrey157n
Harris, Paul L. 346n
Harrison, Ross253n
Hart, H. L. A. 5n
Hauerwas, Stanley155, 158
Hawthorne, Nathaniel117
Hayden, Tom31
Heal, Jane36n
Healey, Denis121n
Hegel, G. W. F. (and Hegelianism)10n, 14, 17, 33, 37, 57n, 74, 78, 79, 89, 92, 94, 95, 98, 133, 167, 169, 171, 172, 203–4, 212n, 219, 221–2, 225
Phenomenology of Spirit4n, 33
Heidegger, Martin21n, 74, 83, 93–109, 111, 116, 181, 184, 187
Heinaman, Robert284n
Held, Virginia176n
Henderson, Isobel119
Hepburn, R. W. 23, 24–5, 29, 215n
‘Vision and Choice in Morality’23, 24–5
Heraclitus93, 103
Herman, Barbara89, 233–5, 239, 240, 243–5, 248, 252
Hermes (in Greek myth)92
Hesiod91n
Heusel, Barbara Stevens156n
Hicks, David6n, 7n, 111
Hijab, Wasfi4, 123
Hintikka, M. B. 52n
history: doing philosophy historically17, 26, 29, 37n, 43n, 78–9, 89, 96, 109, 160, 198, 203
Hitler, Adolf119, 125, 127, 129, 130, 132
Hobbes, Thomas169
Hobson, Harold3n
Hodson, Katherine J. 111
Hoggart, Richard31
The Uses of Literacy31
Hölderlin, Friedrich94
Holland, Margaret53n, 89, 91, 309n
Homer91n, 248n, 286n
homosexuality244n, 263–4
Hulme, T. E. 34
Hume, David9n, 15 17n, 36n, 41, 48, 54n, 58n, 169, 279–80, 281, 294 305, 327, 341n, 350
Humean philosophy8, 10, 11, 15n, 24, 39, 44–5, 48, 57, 70, 79, 307, 313, 326; see also desire; reason; will
Humean philosophy of mind57n
humility74
Huntingdon, Gladys128
Hursthouse, Rosalind228n, 287n
Husserl, Edmund4, 18, 94, 102, 106, 122
Husserlian essence86
Hutcheson, Francis36n
Huttner, Sidney F. 111
Huxley, T. H. 55
‘idle talk’ (Gerede (Heidegger))99
impartiality273, 283, 286
individual, the14, 17n, 33, 42–4, 50–2, 140–2, 162–4, 171–2, 198, 201–4, 213, 219–22, 238–43, 246–52, 257–63, 309–12, 319
historicity of13– 14, 26, 43, 49, 203, 219, 221–2, 225 see also attention; particularism
‘inner life’, ‘inner experience’21–3, 39–40, 44n, 49, 51, 86, 120, 122, 124, 136–7, 160–2, 168–9, 176, 177n, 179, 182, 185, 187–8, 189n, 200, 202, 205, 207, 212n, 256, 258–60, 261n, 267–8, 277n, 281, 216–18, 222, 256, 259, 272, 277n, 288, 314, 326–7, 340, 343, 345
introspection25
Iris (in Greek myth)91, 92n, 290
Irwin, T. H. 140n, 230n
Jackson, Frank298
Jacobs, Alan212n
Jaggar, Alison245n
Jake Donaghue (in Under the Net), see Donaghue, Jake
James, Henry149, 151
James, William58
(p.379) Jansen, Cornelius54
Jesus 25, 43n
as Christ 27n, 211, 290 54
Johns, J. H. 326n
Johnson, Paul31
Johnson, Samuel116
Jones, Karen252n
Julian of Norwich124, 169
Julius (in A Fairly Honorable Defeat)319–22
justice177
K (in Kafka’s Castle)120
Kafka, Franz120–1, 126
Kagan, Shelly301, 302
Kahn, Julius (in A Fairly Honourable Defeat)327, 352
Kamtekar, Rachana230n
Kanner, Leo343n
Kant, Immanuel2, 8n, 9n, 10n, 16n, 28, 30n, 32–33, 34, 36n, 39, 43, 48, 51n, 68, 69, 70n, 71, 80, 86, 89, 92, 98, 167, 169, 172, 173, 186, 203–4, 203n, 207n, 212n, 218–19, 220n, 221, 222n, 223n, 272n, 273, 281–4, 285, 301, 329n, 337
Critique of Judgement32–3, 70n
Critique of Practical Reason16n, 33n, 36n, 68, 70n, 86
Critique of Pure Reason28, 36n
Kantianism and Kantians39, 47, 48, 63, 68, 74, 89, 157, 169, 207n, 211n, 220, 225, 227, 278, 287, 290, 294, 297
Kantian ethics294, 297, 301
Kantian metaphysics283
Katznelson, Ira31n
Kearney, Richard178
Keepe, Rosa (in The Flight from the Enchanter)131, 133
Keller, Hans128
Kenny, Anthony36n
Kerensky, Alexander128
Kierkegaard, Søren5n, 17, 92, 94, 98, 106, 169, 171, 184, 187, 194, 195–6, 203n
Fear and Trembling17n
King, Julius (in A Fairly Honourable Defeat)128, 129
King, Martin Luther, Jr. 227
Kingston University Archives 4n, 21n, 111 227
Kinzie, Mary92n
Koch, Sigmund55n
Koffka, Kurt16n
Köhler, Wolfgang, The Place of Value in a World of Facts16n
Kojève, Alexandre, Introduction à la lecture de Hegel4n
Korsgaard, Christine282, 285n
Kreisel, Georg4, 123, 125
Kripke, Saul333
Kuhn, Thomas7n
Labour Party, the31
Larson, Kate91n
Laverty, Megan91n
Lear, Jonathan36n, 218n
Lehmann, John122
Leibniz, Gottfried54n
Lenin, Vladimir130
Lewis, D. K. 5
liberalism29, 33, 34, 178, 199, 212n, 251
Liddell, H. G., and R. Scott, Greek–English Lexicon104, 286
literature (in moral philosophy)157, 166, 258–9, 295
Little, Margaret18n
Lloyd, A. C. 4
Locke, John11, 281
Loeb, Don295, 304
logical positivism198, 211, 213, 294; see also behaviourism
‘logos’103–4, 160
Lord of the Rings (Tolkien)117
Lorenz, Konrad341n
Louden, Robert B. 227n
‘love’32–5, 45, 56, 58, 61, 68n, 69, 72, 74, 76, 77, 106, 137, 142, 147–8, 160, 259, 296, 352; see also erotic love
Lovibond, Sabina208n, 228n, 233n, 253n, 289n
Lowell, Robert117
Loxias, P. A. (in The Black Prince)146, 148, 149, 151, 152 see also Apollo (in Greek myth)
Lugones, Maria250
Lukács, Georg1
Luther, Martin106
M and D (IM’s example in ‘The Idea of Perfection’)9n, 13n, 27, 28n, 40–1, 42, 46–9, 88–91, 143, 167, 186–9, 191–4, 206–7, 216–18, 221, 224, 241–3, 250, 260–1, 263, 302, 314, 316–20
Machiavelli, Niccolò130n
MacIntyre, Alasdair7n, 160
Mackie, J. L. 87n
MacKinnon, D. M. 3, 120, 198n
Macquarrie, John102n, 113
Magee, Bryan163, 166
Malcolm, Norman36n, 122, 123n
(p.380) Mallarmé, Stéphane32, 34
Mann, Thomas121n, 131
Marcel, Gabriel13n, 19, 27, 166
Marek, Thomas132
Marloe, Francis (in The Black Prince)137, 144, 146
Marsyas (in Greek myth)92n
Marx, Karl172, 181
on work (in Grundrisse and Das Kapital), 31n–32n
Marxism28, 29, 30, 37n, 39, 57, 78, 97, 167, 278, 318, 335
Mathewes, Charles T. 156
St Matthew169
Maxwell, Aymer128
Maxwell, Gavin128
McDowell, John7, 8–10, 11n, 12, 15–18, 26, 42n, 83, 210n, 217n, 224n, 228, 230n, 233n, 253n; esp.
‘Are Moral Requirements Hypothetical Imperatives?’11n, 16n, 17n
‘Non-Cognitivism and Rule-Following’7, 11n, 16n, 17n
‘Values and Secondary Qualities’11n, 17n, 210n, 224n
‘Virtue and Reason’7, 11n, 18n, 228n
McGinn, Colin18n
McGuinness, Brian18n, 123n, 125n
McKinsey, Michael85n
McLean, Mark210n
McNaughton, David18n
McNeil, Elton325–26
Mehta, Ved, in New Yorker5, 123n
Meinong, Alexius18
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice1
metaphor22, 24, 215, 276n
metaphysics93–5, 160, 165, 167, 170, 171, 175, 185, 198n, 201, 213, 225, 297
Meyers, Dana T. 317
Meyers, Jeffrey124n
Midgley, Mary2, 3, 57n, 90n, 119, 120, 121n
Mill, J. S. 169, 212n, 259n, 278–79, 280–81, 286n, 287n, 290
On Liberty259
Millgram, Elijah18n, 210n, 222n, 299, 300, 303, 304
Varieties of Practical Reasoning (ed.)7n
Mills, C. Wright31
mindreading338–51
Minkus, Peter123n
Mitchell, Basil5, 8n, 15n, 36n, 91n
‘modern moral philosophy’14n, 15n, 36–7 & n, 38–9, 47–9, 56, 160, 172
Mole, Christopher90n
Molina, Luis de53
Montaigne, Michel de293–4, 305
mood (Stimmung (Heidegger))98, 101–6
Moore, G. E. 18n, 38, 45, 63, 96, 207–8, 210, 214, 242; see also ‘naturalistic fallacy’
moral belief/knowledge67, 187, 229, 242, 258, 328, 336, 341, 346, 349–50
moral disagreement12, 26, 199, 204, 214–15
moral education56, 70–71, 223–4, 228, 298, 333
moral experience202, 212, 216, 224, 294, 303, 328–34, 336–7, 341, 349n
moral judgment24, 38, 214, 233, 239, 275, 295, 296, 301–5, 322, 333–6, 338, 342, 348–9; see also perceptual judgment
moral justification295, 304
moral motivation139, 142, 143, 282, 285, 326–8, 336, 339–40, 349–50;
externalism versus internalism11, 327–8, 336, 339, 341, 344–8, 351
moral perceptionsee perception, moral
moral principles44n, 146, 223–4, 230–4, 243, 248, 252, 269–70, 294, 298–302, 335; see also universalizability90 230
moral psychology1, 8, 10, 36–8, 45, 59, 62, 155, 156–7, 176, 179, 199, 201
moral realismsee realism, moral
Moran, Richard49n, 88, 203, 220n
Morgan, David, With Love and Rage: A Friendship with Iris Murdoch20n
Motesiczky, Marie-Louise, von127, 129
‘movement’202, 205
Muir, Edwin, The Story and the Fable24
Mulhall, Stephen85
Murasaki, Shikibu, Tale of Genji117, 126
Murdoch, Iris
life and philosophical career2–21, 119–33
as a student2–4, 119
with the UNRRA3, 121, 171
friendship with Philippa Foot6n–7n
novels
The Bell121
The Black Prince88, 135–8, 144–53
Bruno’s Dream124
A Fairly Honourable Defeat130, 319–22, 352
The Flight from the Enchanter120, 121, 127, 128, 130, 131–3
(p.381) The Good Apprentice133, 160
The Green Knight133
Jackson’s Dilemma116
The Message to the Planet133
The Nice and the Good7n
Nuns and Soldiers124
The Philosopher’s Pupil125, 133
The Sacred and Profane Love Machine145
The Sandcastle121
The Sea, The Sea128, 133
The Time of the Angels111
Under the Net1, 4n, 8, 120, 121, 122, 125, 126
The Unicorn13n, 130, 133
other writings
Badminton School Magazine2n
Iowa, Library of University of111
Kingston University archives4n, 93–109, 111–14
Oxford University archives10n
philosophical reception4, 6, 7, 156–9
philosophical works
‘A House of Theory’6, 30–2, 34
‘Against Dryness’34–5
‘Art is the Imitation of Nature’82
‘Existentialists and Mystics’81
Existentialists and Mystics6n, 33n, 81, 83, 158, 163–8 and passim
The Fire and the Sun83, 166
Heidegger typescript4n, 93–109, 111–14
‘The Idea of Perfection’7, 19n, 21, 30, 38–55, 69, 77, 308, 312–313 and passim
‘Knowing the Void’19
‘Metaphysics and Ethics’4, 10n, 15n, 23, 166
Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals17n, 83, 83–8, 137, 145, 158, 168–75, 318
‘Nostalgia for the Particular’23
‘On “God” and “Good” ’8n, 20 21n, 30, 55–69, 81, 172–5, 311 and passim
‘Salvation by Words’82
Sartre: Romantic Rationalist1, 4, 6n, 8
The Sovereignty of Good1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 21, 24, 30, 35–78, 88, 92, 143, 182–4, 313, 318, 319, 326 and passim
‘The Sovereignty of Good over other Concepts’38, 57, 69–78 and passim
‘The Sublime and the Beautiful Revisited’6, 33–4, 167, 257
‘The Sublime and the Good’6, 32–3, 34
‘Thinking and Language’17n, 22
‘Vision and Choice in Morality’4, 8, 10n, 14n, 23–30, 90, 183, 199, 296, 319
mysticism21, 28, 30, 56–9, 61, 62n, 69–70, 72, 78, 81–2, 91–2, 121, 164–6, 171, 175, 290
Nagel, Thomas7n, 297, 350
Nassauer, Rudi128
naturalism, naturalistic description8, 9n, 12n, 13n, 16, 17n, 25, 27–8, 30, 33, 37n, 46, 57, 177, 210
‘reductive naturalism’160–1, 172, 175
‘naturalistic fallacy’5, 28, 30 5
Nédoncelle, Maurice27
Neurath, Otto, ‘Neurath’s ship’194
neurosis33, 34, 46n, 75n, 89, 256–9, 261–4, 266, 272
Nichol, Brian J. 156n
Nichols, Shaun336, 339n, 340–42, 344, 345n, 346–8
Nietzsche, Friedrich19n, 71, 92n, 94, 116, 181, 184, 187
Nigel (in Bruno’s Dream), given aphorisms from Wittgenstein’s Tractatus124
Nina (in The Flight from the Enchanter)131
‘nobility’279, 285–7, 289–91
non-cognitivism10, 198n, 199–200, 202, 204, 208, 212–15, 217, 294, 326
Norgaard, Thomas287n
Nussbaum, Martha C. 88, 90n, 135n, 140n, 155, 159, 177n, 178, 228, 230n, 249, 253n, 301, 305, 318n
Nyman, Heikki108n
O’Connor, Flannery234n
O’Connor, Patricia J. 91n
O’Hear, Anthony283n
O’Neill, Jim117
O’Shaughnessy, Terry342n
Oakeshott, Michael166
obligation, see duty
obstacles to moral perception, see convention, social; neurosis
‘ontological proof’21n, 62n, 66n, 85, 169, 172–5, 212n
optimism260
‘Ordinary Language Man’258
Orwell, George 1984278
Ouden, Bernard den220n
Ovadia, Susie129
Ovid351
Oxford University Archives5n, 10n, 30n
Paolo Malatesta (in Dante’s Divine Comedy)142
Paradise Lost (Milton)116
Parfit, Derek94
Parmenides (in Plato)93
particularism9, 15n, 18, 90, 133n, 147, 148, 150–3, 155, 170, 171, 173, 198, 222–3, 229, 236, 238, 294–8, 300–5, 329–30, 351
‘two way movement’165, 169–71, 267 see also moral experience
Pascal, Blaise21n, 96
(p.382) Paton, H. J. 208n
Paul (Saint)169
Paula (in The Nice and the Good), as portrayal of Philippa Foot7n
Pears, David4, 5n
David Hume (ed.)6n
Freedom and the Will (ed.)5n
The Nature of Metaphysics (ed.)4n, 197n
Pearson, Bradley (in The Black Prince)135–7, 140, 144, 145–9, 151, 152
perception, moral1, 2, 9n, 18, 44–5, 46n, 49–50, 61, 75, 77, 142, 149, 179, 186, 201, 205, 227–40, 246–9, 259, 261, 263, 267–8, 301–2, 304
accuracy61, 67–8, 71, 77, 86, 87, 214, 322, 326; see also ego
‘attention’34, 35, 40, 43n, 44, 45n, 53, 56–8, 60, 62, 66, 67, 70, 72, 73, 77, 98, 160, 173, 184, 186–7, 193–5, 208n, 209, 218, 236–40, 251, 256, 261, 262, 267–71, 288, 302, 308–12, 319, 321, 326
‘looking’72, 76, 308–11, 313,
salience308
‘seeing’10, 309–10, 312
perceptual judgment331–3
inferential versus basic, 332–4
perfection13, 35, 36n, 41–2, 49, 50, 52, 59n, 73, 86, 174, 219, 221, 236, 240–1, 252, 259, 290
Pettit, Philip287n, 298
Pherecydes93
philosophy
‘analytic’ and ‘continental’1, 7, 8n, 17, 47n, 62, 125, 156, 163, 166–7, 168, 176, 183, 197–8, 199, 200, 207n, 213n, 293, 294, 301, 313
conceptual analysis and conceptual problems94–5, 160, 164
‘fire station’ view of95
‘professional’6, 88n, 19, 61, 115, 181
Phillips, D. Z. 16n
Phillips, Tom92
Pincoffs, Edmund L. 204n
Pink, Barry125n
Pinkard, Terry223n
Piper, Adrian S. 240n
Plato2, 11, 14, 16n, 18n, 43, 46n, 48n, 57, 59, 61–3, 64, 69, 70, 72, 73, 75, 77, 81, 83, 85, 86, 88, 92, 93–4, 95, 98, 103, 107, 109, 135n, 136, 137, 138–40, 145, 147, 148, 157, 163, 165, 169, 173, 183, 211, 212–13, 221, 239, 242, 257, 267, 269, 273n, 312, 352
Gorgias16n
Phaedrus136–7, 138–43, 146, 147
Protagoras62
Republic9n, 14n, 16n, 62, 67, 70, 72–4, 76, 77, 83
Statesman9n
Symposium17n
Platonic and Platonism20, 36n, 38, 56n, 61–9, 88, 91, 146, 157, 160, 178, 210, 211n, 212, 257, 289, 311, 312, 320, 328
Plotinus125
Polanyi, Michael55n
Pols, Edward55n
power116, 120, 128, 129, 131
prescriptivism (in Hare)23, 24, 186, 200, 204n
presence-at-hand (Vorhandenheit (Heidegger))99–101
pre-Socratics (in Heidegger)95
Price, A. W. 139n
Price, Simon92n
Prichard, H. A. 19n, 94
Priscilla (in The Black Prince)144, 147
‘privacy’ of understanding12–14, 43, 51; see also ‘genetic’ theory of meaning; ‘inner life’
projectivism11
Proust, Marcel135n, 138, 147, 149–51
psychoanalysis42
psychopathy90, 326–8, 336–41, 344–8
publicity of moral domain26, 39, 42, 47, 49, 51, 52n, 109, 182, 184, 187, 197, 202–3, 260, 265–6
Putnam, Hilary7n, 58n, 85, 90n, 253n
‘Objectivity and the Science/Ethics Distinction’7n, 18n
‘The Place of Facts in a World of Values’7n
The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy7n, 18n
Pym, Barbara117
‘qualitative specificity’ (Nussbaum)140, 143
Quay, H. C. 326n
Queneau, Raymond3–4, 121–2, 124
editor of Kojève’s Introduction à la lecture de Hegel4n
Pierrot Mon Ami4n, 121n
Quentin, Anna (in Under the Net)126, 133, 125
Quentin, Sadie (in Under the Net)125
Quine, W. V. O. 13n, 64
Quinton, Anthony4, 6n, 166
racism234–7, 240, 244–5, 249n, 316–18, 321
Railton, Peter280n
Rainborough, John (in The Flight from the Enchanter)131, 132
Raine, Kathleen127n, 128, 129
(p.383) Rawls, John177, 211n, 223n
Raz, Joseph303–4
readiness-to-hand (Zuhandenheit (Heidegger))99–101
realism, moral1, 2, 8, 9n, 11n, 17, 18, 37, 43, 47, 49, 51, 59, 65, 66, 69, 78–79, 89, 106, 179, 182, 187, 208–9, 212, 217, 222, 224, 288, 298
moral facts24, 28, 47
objectivity9n, 40, 253
‘realism’, as term for ability to recognize and face reality9n, 63, 66–7, 74, 76 see also naturalism; perception, moral
reason (faculty)39, 44, 45, 155, 253
reasons44n, 276, 283, 298–300, 303
ultimate reasons300
religion25, 32, 83, 87, 93, 94, 121, 157, 164–6, 168, 294
God54n, 56–8, 60, 62, 66, 74, 85, 117, 173
Ricciardi, Mario198n
Richardson, Henry322
Rilke, Rainer Maria86
Rivera, Lisa322n
Roberts, Dorothy316n
Robinson, Edward102n, 111, 113
Robjant, David91n
‘romanticism’69, 71, 74
Roquentin (in Nausea)120
Rorty, Richard7n, 94
Rose, W. K. 3n, 20n,
Rosen, Stanley111
Ross, W. D. 19n, 94
Rossian (intuitionism)277n
Rowe, Anne90n 111
Rowse, A. L. 119
Rubens, Bernice128
rules and rule-following (Wittgenstein)9n, 18, 39–40, 40n, 41n–42n, 52, 100
rules, moral26–7, 137, 223–4, 231, 270, 293, 296–301, 304, 305n, 328–30, 332–3, 335, 338, 342, 348, 351; see also particularism
Russell, Bertrand5, 125
Ryle, Gilbert1, 4, 5, 10n, 18, 19, 21–3, 29, 111, 122
The Concept of Mind4
Sabini, John230n
Sale, Kirkpatrick, SDS31n
Samson, Frederic81
Sanders, Kerry (in NY Times report)238
Sanders, Robert (in NY Times report)238
Sartre, Jean-Paul3, 5n, 18–19, 44 47n–48n, 79, 98, 120, 122, 124, 143, 164, 166, 169, 172, 182, 183, 184, 187, 190n, 189–92, 194, 203–4, 220n, 307, 308n
Nausea122
Sartreanism97, 181, 183, 187, 313
Saunders, Nicole309n
Saward, Peter (in The Flight from the Enchanter)131, 132, 133
Scheler, Max94, 96
Scheman, Naomi252n
Schopenhauer, Arthur19n, 94, 95, 169, 283, 288
On the Basis of Morality283
Schweiker, William155, 162n, 163n
scientism8, 10, 40, 41, 42, 47, 49, 51–3, 57, 160–1, 175, 177, 223, 294
Scott, R. see under Liddell, H. G., and R. Scott
Scruton, Roger349n
SDS (Students for a Democratic Society)31
‘seeing as’ (Wittgenstein), see aspect (‘seeing as’)
Seidler, Victor J. 20n
Sekida, Katsuki86
self–knowledge40n, 42n–43n, 61, 69
‘selflessness’ (in IM)237n, 288–90
self-sacrifice90, 278–9, 284–6, 288–90
Sellars, Wilfrid (and Science and Metaphysics)7n
servility289
sexism246–8
Shafer-Landau, Russ196n, 300
Moral Realism, 18n
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord36n
Shah, Kanti4, 123
Shakespeare, William74, 116, 258 King Lear29n
Shapiro, David262–3
Sheffler, Samuel297
Shelley, Percy Bysshe130, 131, 179
‘Ode to the West Wind’130
Shipler, David K. 236n
Shore, Peter30
Sibley, F. N., ‘Aesthetic Concepts’13n
Sigman, Marian343n
Silver, Maury230n
Simon (in A Fairly Honourable Defeat)319–22
simulation theory339n, 349–50
Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter297n, 300n, 304n
Slote, Michael A. 287n, 288
Smiley, Marion321n
Smith, Adam31n–32n, 279
Smith, Michael298
Smith, Nicholas H. 17n
Smythies, Polly125n
Smythies, Yorick4, 88, 124–6, 133
portrayed as Hugo Belfounder (in Under the Net)125
social convention, see convention, social
socialism6, 30, 31, 167, 318
Socrates36n, 103n, 138, 229, 248n, 284n
Solomon Flora, 128
Sontag, Susan127
Sophocles, Antigone33
Spearman, Diana128
(p.384) Steiner, Franz129
Steiner, George121n, 163, 165
Stevenson, C. L. 28n, 48, 199, 204n, 208n, 214n, 215n
Stevenson, J. L. 199n
Stewart, Carol128, 132
Stich, Stephen346n
Strawson, P. F. 4, 5, 122, 124n
Strickland, I. 340n
sublime, the32
Sychaeus (Dido’s husband, in Virgil and Dante)141
Tager-Flusberg, Helen346n
Tallis (in A Fairly Honorable Defeat)319–22
Tan, Jacinta346n
Tale of Genji (Murasaki)117, 126
Tao94
Taylor, Charles i7, 151, 155, 159–63, 172, 222n, 253n
‘Iris Murdoch and Moral Philosophy’7n
Sources of the Self7n
Taylor, Jacqueline321n
technai (crafts, disciplines (Plato))56, 62, 70, 72, 77
Tertullian27n
de Carne Christi27n
Thaumas ‘Wonder’ (in Greek myth)91, 92n
theory theory339n
‘thick’ and ‘thin’ moral concepts (Williams)8n, 14, 15n, 27, 28n, 36n, 39, 41n, 45, 47, 79–80, 271, 334
Thompson, Frank3n, 123
Thomson, J. F. 5n
Thrasymachus (in Republic)77, 85, 87
Tillich, Paul165
Titian, The Flaying of Marsyas92
Tolstoy, Leo32–3, 34, 44n, 74, 258
on Dostoevsky’s Raskolnikov44n
Torralba, J. M. 36n
Toulmin, Stephen94, 123n, 204n
tragedy (aesthetics)33
Treasure Island (Stevenson)117
Trend, J. B. 119
Trocmé, André and Magda89, 276–84
Trunski, Slavcho, Grateful Bulgaria2n
truth54, 68, 77, 80, 101–8, 132, 133, 136–7, 146–8, 162
Twain, Mark, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn243–4
‘ubiquity’ thesis (Kagan)301
Uehling, Theodore E. 276n
‘uncritical conservatism’ (Bagnoli)228–9, 233–4, 238–9, 243–5, 251–3
complacency, problem of234, 239
wherewithal, problem of234, 239, 252
universality10, 12n, 24, 26, 223, 295–6, 300–1, 304; see also generality
universals, concrete43, 222, 223, 225
universalizability8n, 19n, 24, 47, 48n, 223, 230n, 296, 300; see also Hare, R. M.
utilitarianism39, 81, 89, 184, 277–81, 287, 289–90, 294, 297
well-being278–80, 287, 289–91
value perception as active/passive44–5, 79, 189, 198, 206–7, 217, 308–15
Velleman, David J. 221n
Vermazen, Bruce52n
Vice, Samantha90n
Vinelott, John123n, 124n
Virgil (in Dante’s Divine Comedy)141
virtue9, 10, 34, 69, 70, 72, 76–7, 99, 137, 149, 208, 229–30, 236, 245, 252–3, 269, 277, 279–80
virtue theory18, 157, 227–8, 240, 242, 288, 319
vision, see perception, moral
void20, 87, 169, 171, 175
Vrijen, Charlotte, ‘First thoughts: An unpublished letter from Gilbert Ryle to H. J. Paton’18n
Wagner, Richard74
Waismann, Friedrich81n, 124
Wallace, R. Jay233n
Walsh, W. H. 4n
Warnock, G. J. 4, 5
Warnock, Mary4, 5n, 19, 122n
An Intelligent Person’s Guide to Ethics19n
Ethics Since 1900 19n
The Philosophy of Sartre19
Wedgwood, Veronica127
Weil, Simone10n, 19–21, 33, 34–5, 38, 53, 61, 69n, 87, 94, 95, 98, 183, 283, 310, 311, 312
Attente de Dieu17n
La connaissance surnaturelle21n
Gravity and Grace20n
Notebooks19–21
Weiser, Benjamin238n
welfare recipients (in US)316, 317
Wettstein, Howard K. 276n
Widdows, Heather91n
Wiggins, David7n, 11, 209n, 210n, 224n
Wigner, E. P. 55n
will8, 36, 39, 44, 45, 56, 182, 184, 202, 208, 220, 266–7, 281, 307, 313–14, 319
as ‘isolated’172, 185–6, 189, 205, 266
Williams, Bernard4, 5n, 8, 14–15, 17n, 26, 27, 28n, 36n, 41n, 159, 214n, 220n, 281, 283, 297
(p.385) early philosophical career15n; see also ‘thick’ and ‘thin’ moral concepts
Williams, Patricia J. 235–6
Williams, Raymond (and Culture and Society)31
Wilson, John Cook19n
Winch, Peter20n, 36n
Wingfield, Camilla (in The Flight from the Enchanter)133
Winkler, Kenneth7n
Wisdom, John4, 123, 198n, 218n
Wittgenstein, Ludwig4, 5n, 10n, 11, 12, 14, 15n, 16n, 18, 21–22, 26, 27, 29, 36n, 39–40, 41, 42n, 49n, 58n, 65n, 81, 84, 92, 94–96, 98, 100, 102, 103, 105–6, 107–8, 122–3, 123–5, 168, 169, 172, 188, 195, 199–200, 202, 212n
Wittgensteinianisms and the Wittgensteinian tradition47, 48, 65, 95, 100, 107, 158
Wolf, Susan155, 272n
‘Asymmetrical Freedom’272n
Woolf, Virginia130, 261n
world, value-laden conceptions of14, 79–80, 86, 105, 159, 174–5, 190–3, 195, 200–1, 313; see also value perception as active/passive
Wright, Crispin64n, 331n
Wright, G. H., von108n, 125n
Young, Iris Marion246n
Zen94
Zuba, Sonja91n