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Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans
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Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Leonid Zhmud, Kevin Windle, and Rosh Ireland

Abstract

In ancient tradition, Pythagoras (c.570–c.495 bc) emerges as a wise teacher, an outstanding mathematician, an influential politician, and as a religious and ethical reformer. Arguably the most influential thinker among the Presocratics, he was thought to have possessed supernatural qualities. This combination of characteristics has led to his portrayal as a controversial and elusive figure. In contrast, his early Pythagorean followers, such as the doctors Democedes and Alcmaeon, the Olympic victors Milon and Iccus, the botanist Menestor, the natural philosopher Hippon, and the mathematicians H ... More

Keywords: Pythagoras, Presocratics, Pythagorean followers, Democedes, Alcmaeon, Milon, Iccus, Menestor, Hippon, Hippasus

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199289318
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Leonid Zhmud, author
Leading Academic Researcher, Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of the Sciences, St. Petersburg

Kevin Windle, translator
Associate Professor of Translation Studies and Russian, Australian National University, Canberra

Rosh Ireland, translator
Honorary Visiting Fellow in the School of Language Studies, Australian National University, Canberra

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