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Knowing PersonsA Study in Plato$
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Lloyd P. Gerson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199288670

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.001.0001

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Divided Persons: Republic and Phaedrus

Divided Persons: Republic and Phaedrus

Chapter:
(p.99) CHAPTER 3 Divided Persons: Republic and Phaedrus
Source:
Knowing Persons
Author(s):

Lloyd P. Gerson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0004

The chapter takes up the argument for the tripartition of the soul in Republic and the consequent deepening of the account of personhood. An embodied tripartite soul is a disunited person or self. Selfhood for the embodied person is chronically episodic and plastic. Self-transformation can now be articulated in terms of the unifying of the person into one part, the rational faculty. With tripartitioning, Plato deals more perspicuously with the relation of person to human being and body. The embodied person is an entity capable of self-reflexively identifying itself as the subject of one or another of its psychic capacities. The successful embodied person strives for and ultimately achieves a permanent identification with a subject of rational activity.

Keywords:   tripartition, tripartite soul, Republic, Phaedrus, personhood, selfhood, embodied person, immortality

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