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Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology$
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Allan Gotthelf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199287956

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.001.0001

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History of Animals I.6 490b7‐491a6 : Aristotle's megista genē

History of Animals I.6 490b7‐491a6 : Aristotle's megista genē

Chapter:
(p.293) 13 History of Animals I.6 490b7‐491a6: Aristotle's megista genē
Source:
Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology
Author(s):

Allan Gotthelf

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0013

This chapter offers a close reading of what is perhaps the most difficult passage in all of HA. The passage introduces seven megista genê (‘very large kinds’) of animals that Aristotle apparently considers to have been correctly marked off for scientific study, then considers whether there are any other such groups yet to be identified, and how they should be studied. On the reading offered here, Aristotle rejects as a candidate for a ‘very large kind’, ‘wingless four‐footed animals’, but accepts two large kinds not previously recognized as unitary kinds at all: the four‐footed egg‐bearing animals and the four‐footed live‐bearing animals. This enterprise of identifying very large kinds seems not to be part of a taxonomic enterprise; its role is rather to facilitate the establishing of the correlations of animal differences that will facilitate the discovery of the causes of those differences.

Keywords:   Aristotle, History of Animals, kinds, megista genê, very large kinds

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