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Demosthenes the Orator$
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Douglas M. MacDowell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199287192

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287192.001.0001

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War and defeat

War and defeat

(p.343) 13 War and defeat
Demosthenes the Orator

Douglas M. MacDowell

Oxford University Press

The Peace of Philokrates gradually broke down. On Halonnesos, to be ascribed to Hegesippos, advocates defiance of Philip over the ceding of Halonnesos and other matters. In On Affairs in the Chersonese Demosthenes urges the Athenians to resist Philip by supporting the operations of Diopeithes in the Chersonese area, and deprecates more popular policies. The Third Philippic recommends them to prepare for war and to reject Philip's supporters within Athens. The Fourth Philippic, rightly ascribed to Demosthenes, urges co-operation between rich and poor citizens, and the resumption of Athens' role as a leader of Greece. The Response to Philip's Letter, calling on the Athenians to make war on Philip, may be accepted as a genuine work of Demosthenes. He gave the lead to the alliance of Athens with Thebes. Defeat followed at Khaironeia, but Demosthenes was nevertheless honoured by his appointment to deliver the traditional Funeral Speech. The later speech On the Treaty with Alexander is probably not by Demosthenes.

Keywords:   Halonnesos, Hegesippos, Chersonese, Diopeithes, Philip, Philippic, Khaironeia, Thebes, Funeral Speech

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