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Enlightenment Contested
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Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Jonathan I. Israel


The author presents the first major reassessment of the Western Enlightenment for a generation. Continuing the story he began in Radical Enlightenment, and now focusing his attention on the first half of the 18th century, he returns to the original sources to offer a new perspective on the nature and development of the most important currents in modern thought. The author traces many of the core principles of Western modernity to their roots in the social, political, and philosophical ferment of this period: the primacy of reason, democracy, racial equality, feminism, religious toleration, sex ... More

Keywords: Western Enlightenment, primacy of reason, democracy, racial equality, feminism, religious toleration, sexual emancipation, freedom of expression, ecclesiastical authority

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780199279227
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jonathan I. Israel, author
Professor of Modern European History, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

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Part I Introductory

Part II The Crisis of Religious Authority

Part III Political Emancipation

Part IV Intellectual Emancipation

Part V The Party of Humanity

Part VI Radical Philosophes