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The Tokyo International Military Tribunal - A Reappraisal$
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Neil Boister and Robert Cryer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278527.001.0001

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The Background of the Trial

The Background of the Trial

(p.6) 1 The Background of the Trial
The Tokyo International Military Tribunal - A Reappraisal

Neil Boister

Robert Cryer

Oxford University Press

The Tokyo IMT cannot be understood without some grasp of the internal politics of pre-war Japan and their impact on Japan's foreign relations up to and during to the Asia-Pacific War. With an emphasis on the character of Japan's government and the role it played in decisions to go to war, the first part of chapter one provides an historical sketch of the build up to, and conduct of, the Manchurian, Chinese, and Pacific armed conflicts. In doing so, it outlines the legal steps taken after the First World War to prevent the use of force, to control armaments, and to control the conduct of armed conflict, focussing on Japan's participation in this process. The second part of chapter one sets out the response of the Allies to the question of the prosecution of alleged Japanese war criminals which culminated in the plans for the establishment of a tribunal.

Keywords:   Asia-Pacific War, Japanese foreign relations, Japanese government, Japanese war criminals, use of force, prosecution, road to war, road to punishment, establishment of a tribunal

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