Article 81 EC and non-efficiency goals
This chapter tries to explain that efficiency is an exclusive concern. The efficiency concept is both powerful and weak. It is powerful because it is the minimum necessary condition of any ideal economic system's equilibrium. On the other hand, it is weak because it is one of the many values that are considered important by our society. However, there are also cases when non-efficiency values seek to be successful. These are the cases in which it is perceived that efficiency is desirable at all costs. Moreover, it is accepted that efficiency is all that matters in Article 81 EC. However, the balancing of Article 81 EC against Treaty goals is outside the competition law assessment and the Court tries to resolve these conflicts between Treaty norms.
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