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The Irish in Post-War Britain$

Enda Delaney

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199276677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276677.001.0001

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(p.210) Select Bibliography

(p.210) Select Bibliography

The Irish in Post-War Britain
Oxford University Press

(A) Official Records

National Archives of Ireland, Dublin:

Department of Foreign Affairs

Department of the Taoiseach

National Archives, Kew:

Cabinet Papers

Dominions Office

Home Office

Ministry of Labour

(B) Private Papers

Birmingham Archdiocesan Archives:

Archbishop's Papers, 1929–1965

George Patrick Dwyer Papers

Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich Memorial Library and Archive, Armagh:

John D'Alton Papers

Dublin Diocesan Archives:

John Charles McQuaid Papers, 1940–1971

Liverpool Record Office:

Records of the Liverpool Vigilance Association

Trinity College, Dublin, Manuscripts Department:

Arnold Marsh Papers

Westminster Archdiocesan Archives:

William Godfrey Papers

(C) Parliamentary and Official Publications

(i) Ireland

Commission on Higher Education, 1960–67, Report (2 vols., Dublin, 1967), Pr. 9389 and Pr. 9588.

Commission on Emigration and Other Population Problems, Reports (Dublin [1955]), Pr. 2541.

National Economic and Social Council, The Economic and Social Implications of Emigration (Dublin, 1991) (Report No. 90), Pl. 7840.

(p.211) (ii) United Kingdom

Report of the Committee on Housing in Greater London, XVII, 1964–65, Cmd 2605.

Seventh Report of the Overseas Migration Board, XVIII, 1961–62, Cmd. 1586.

(d) Newspapers and Periodicals

Christus Rex


Irish Catholic Directory

Irish Independent

Irish Times

Irish Press


The Tablet

The Times

(E) Autobiographies and Memoirs

Böll, Heinrich, Irish Journal: A Traveller's Portrait of Ireland (London, 1983).

Foley, Donal, Three Villages: An Autobiography (Dublin, 1977).

Healy, John, The Grass Arena: An Autobiography (London, 1988).

Keane, John B., Self‐Portrait (Cork, 1964).

Keaney, Brian, Don't Hang About (Oxford, 1985).

Mac Amhlaigh, Dónall, An Irish Navvy: The Diary of an Exile, trans. from the Irish by Valentin Iremonger (London, 1964).

Ó Ciaráin, Sean, Farewell to Mayo: An Emigrant's Memoirs of Ireland and Scotland (Dublin, 1991).

O'Donoghue, John, In a Strange Land (London, 1958).

Phelan, Jim, We Follow the Roads (London, 1949).

Power, Richard, Apple on the Treetop, trans. from the Irish by Victor Power (Dublin, 1980).

(F) Oral History Collections

National Sound Archive, British Library

Millennium Memory Bank

Reg Hall Archive

Luton Museum Service

Moving Here Interviews

(p.212) (G) Published Oral Histories

Dunne, Catherine, An Unconsidered People: The Irish in London (Dublin, 2003).

Ethnic Communities Oral History Project, Caoin na Gael: The Hammersmith Irish Reminiscence Group (London, 2000).

Lennon, Mary, McAdam, Marie and O'Brien, Joanne, Across the Water: Irish Women's Lives in Britain (London, 1988).

Lynch, Anne (ed.), The Irish in Exile: Stories of Emigration (London, 1988).

Nottingham Irish Studies Group, Making it Home: Experiences of Being Irish (Nottingham, 2001).

O'Grady, Anne, Irish Migration to London in the 1940s and 1950s (London, 1988).

O'Hare, Lynda (ed.), Thousands are Sailing: A Collection of Memories ([London], 2000).

Schweitzer, Pam (ed.), Across the Irish Sea, 2nd edn. (London, 1991).

(H) Published Books and Articles

Akenson, D. H., The Irish Diaspora (Toronto and Belfast, 1993).

Benmayor, Rina and Skotnes, Andor, ‘Some Reflections on Migration and Identity’, in id. (eds.), Migration and Identity: International Yearbook of Oral History and Life Stories, III (Oxford, 1994), 1–18.

Boyce, Frank, ‘Catholicism in Liverpool's Docklands, 1950s–1990s’, in Michael P. Hornsby‐Smith (ed.), Catholics in England, 1950–2000 (London, 1999), 46–66.

—— ‘From Victorian “Little Ireland” to Heritage Trail: Catholicism, Community and Change in Liverpool's Docklands’, in Roger Swift and Sheridan Gilley (eds.), The Irish in Victorian Britain: The Local Dimension (Dublin, 1999), 277–97.

—— ‘Irish Catholicism in Liverpool: The 1920s and 1930s’, in Patrick Buckland and John Belchem (eds.), The Irish in British Labour History (Liverpool, 1993), 86–101.

Brown, Terence, Ireland: A Social and Cultural History, 1922–1985, 2nd edn. (London, 1985).

Byron, Reginald, Irish America (Oxford, 1999).

Carter, Bob, Green, Marci and Halpern, Rick, ‘Immigration Policy and the Racialization of Migrant Labour: The Construction of National Identities in the USA and Britain’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 19, no. 1 (1996), 135–57.

—— Harris, Clive and Joshi, Shirley, ‘The 1951–55 Conservative Government and the Racialization of Black Immigration’, Immigrants and Minorities, 6, no. 3 (1987), 335–47.

(p.213) Catholic Truth Society of Ireland, A Catholic Handbook for Irish Men and Women Going to England (Dublin, 1955).

Chinn, Carl, Birmingham Irish: Making our Mark (Birmingham, 2003).

Collins, Marcus, ‘Pride and Prejudice: West Indian Men in Mid‐Twentieth‐Century Britain’, Journal of British Studies, 40, no. 3 (2001), 391–418.

Coman, Peter, Catholics and the Welfare State (London, 1977).

Connolly, G. P., ‘Little Brother Be At Peace: The Priest as Holy Man in the Nineteenth‐Century Ghetto’, in W. J. Shiels (ed.), The Church and Healing (Oxford, 1982), 191–206.

—— ‘The Transubstantiation of Myth: Towards a New Popular History of Nineteenth‐Century Catholicism in England’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 35, no. 1 (1984), 78–104.

Coogan, Tim Pat, Wherever Green is Worn: The Story of the Irish Diaspora (London, 2000).

Cowley, Ultan, The Men Who Built Britain: A History of the Irish Navvy (Dublin, 2001).

Daly, Mary E., ‘The Irish Family Since the Famine: Continuity and Change’, Irish Journal of Feminist Studies, 3, no. 2 (1999), 1–21.

—— ‘Irish Nationality and Citizenship Since 1922’, Irish Historical Studies, 32, no. 129 (2001), 377–407.

—— ‘Nationalism, Sentiment, and Economics: Relations between Ireland and Irish America in the Post‐War Years’, Éire‐Ireland, 37, nos. 1–2 (2002), 74–91.

—— The Slow Failure: Population Decline and Independent Ireland, 1920–1973 (Madison, 2006).

Daniels, Mary, Exile or Opportunity: Irish Nurses and Midwives in Britain (Liverpool, 1993).

Davis, Graham, The Irish in Britain, 1815–1914 (Dublin, 1991).

De Saint Moulin, Léon, ‘Social Class and Religious Behaviour in England’, Clergy Review, 53, no. 1 (1968), 20–35.

Dean, Dennis W., ‘The Conservative Government and the 1961 Commonwealth Immigration Act: The Inside Story’, Race and Class, 35, no. 2 (1993), 57–74.

—— ‘Conservative Governments and the Restriction of Commonwealth Immigration in the 1950s: The Problems of Constraint’, Historical Journal, 35, no. 1 (1992), 171–94.

—— ‘Final Exit? Britain, Éire, the Commonwealth and the Repeal of the External Relations Act, 1945–49’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 20, no. 3 (1992), 391–418.

—— ‘The Race Relations Policy of the First Wilson Government’, Twentieth Century British History, 11, no. 3 (2000), 259–83.

Delaney, Enda, ‘ “Almost a Class of Helots in an Alien Land”: The British State and Irish Immigration, 1921–45’, Immigrants and Minorities, 18, nos. 2–3 (1999), 240–65.

(p.214) Delaney, Enda, ‘The Churches and Irish Emigration to Britain, 1921–1960’, Archivium Hibernicum, 52 (1998), 98–114.

—— Demography, State and Society: Irish Migration to Britain, 1921–1971 (Kingston/Montreal and Liverpool, 2000).

—— Irish Emigration Since 1921 (Dublin, 2002).

—— ‘Transnationalism, Networks and Emigration from Post‐War Ireland’, Immigrants and Minorities, 23, nos. 2–3 (2005), 425–46.

Douglas, R. M., ‘Anglo‐Saxons and Attacotti: The Racialization of Irishness in Britain between the World Wars’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 25, no. 1 (2002), 40–63.

Drudy, P. J., ‘Irish Population Change and Emigration Since Independence’, in P. J. Drudy (ed.), The Irish in America: Emigration, Assimilation and Impact (Cambridge, 1985) (Irish Studies 4), 63–85.

—— ‘Migration between Britain and Ireland Since Independence’, in P. J. Drudy (ed.), Ireland and Britain Since 1922 (Cambridge, 1986) (Irish Studies 5), 107–23.

Dummett, Ann and Nichol, Andrew, Subjects, Citizens, Aliens and Others: Nationality and Immigration Law (London, 1990).

Earner‐Byrne, Lindsey, ‘The Boat to England: An Analysis of the Official Reactions to the Emigration of Single Expectant Irishwomen to Britain, 1922–1972’, Irish Economic and Social History, 30 (2003), 52–70.

Fahey, Paddy, The Irish in London: Photographs and Memories (London, 1991).

Feldman, David, ‘Migrants, Immigrants and Welfare from the Old Poor Law to the Welfare State’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., 13 (2003), 79–104.

Ferriter, Diarmaid, The Transformation of Ireland, 1900–2000 (London, 2004).

Fielding, Steven, Class and Ethnicity: Irish Catholics in England, 1880–1939 (Buckingham, 1993).

Fitzpatrick, David, ‘ “A Peculiar Tramping People”: The Irish in Britain, 1801–70’, in W. E. Vaughan (ed.), A New History of Ireland, Vol. 5: Ireland Under the Union, I (1801–70) (Oxford, 1989), 623–60.

—— ‘Emigration, 1801–70’, in W. E. Vaughan (ed.), A New History of Ireland, Vol. 5: Ireland Under the Union, I (1801–70) (Oxford, 1989), 562–622.

—— ‘Emigration, 1871–1921’, in W. E. Vaughan (ed.), A New History of Ireland, Vol. 6: Ireland Under the Union, II (1870–1921) (Oxford, 1996), 605–52.

—— ‘Irish Emigration in the Later Nineteenth Century’, Irish Historical Studies, 32, no. 86 (1980), 126–43.

—— ‘The Irish in Britain, 1871–1921’, in W. E. Vaughan (ed.), A New History of Ireland, Vol. 6: Ireland Under the Union, II (1870–1921) (Oxford, 1996), 653–702.

(p.215) —— ‘The Irish in Britain: Settlers or Transients’, in Patrick Buckland and John Belchem (eds.), The Irish in British Labour History (Liverpool, 1993), 1–10.

—— Irish Emigration, 1801–1921 (Dublin, 1984).

Foster, Roy, ‘Marginal Men and Micks on the Make: The Uses of Irish Exile, c.1840–1922’, in Paddy and Mr Punch (London, 1995), 281–305.

Gallagher, Tom, ‘The Catholic Irish in Scotland: In Search of an Identity’, in T. M. Devine (ed.), Irish Immigrants and Scottish Society in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Edinburgh, 1991), 19–43.

—— Glasgow: The Uneasy Peace (Manchester, 1987).

Garrett, Paul Michael, ‘The Abnormal Flight: The Migration and Repatriation of Irish Unmarried Mothers’, Social History, 25, no. 3 (2000), 330–43.

—— ‘The Hidden History of the PFIs: The Repatriation of Unmarried Mothers and their Children from England to Ireland in the 1950s and 1960s’, Immigrants and Minorities, 19, no. 3 (2000), 25–44.

Garvey, Donal, ‘The History of Migration Flows in the Republic of Ireland’, Population Trends, 39 (1985), 22–30.

Gaynor, Eamonn, The Shamrock Express (Dublin, 1962).

Gilley, Sheridan, ‘Catholic Faith of the Irish Slums: London, 1840–70’, in H. J. Dyos and Michael Wolff (eds.), The Victorian City: Images and Realities, 2 vols. (London, 1973), ii. 837–53.

—— ‘Catholicism, Ireland and the Irish Diaspora’, in Sheridan Gilley and Brian Stanley (eds.), World Christianities, c.1815–c.1914: The Cambridge History of Christianity, Vol. 8 (Cambridge, 2005), 250–9.

—— ‘Irish Catholicism in Britain’, in Donal A. Kerr (ed.), Religion, State and Ethnic Groups (Aldershot, 1992), 229–59.

—— ‘The Roman Catholic Church and the Nineteenth‐Century Irish Diaspora’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 35, no. 2 (1984), 188–207.

—— ‘The Roman Catholic Church in England, 1780–1940’, in Sheridan Gilley and W. J. Shiels (eds.), A History of Religion in Britain: Practice and Belief from the Pre‐Roman Times to the Present (Oxford, 1994), 346–62.

—— ‘The Roman Catholic Mission to the Irish in London, 1840–1860’, Recusant History, 10, no. 3 (1969), 123–45.

Glynn, Sean, ‘Irish Immigration to Britain, 1911–1951: Patterns and Policy’, Irish Economic and Social History, 8 (1981), 50–69.

Gray, Henry J., ‘The Extent, Nature and Circumstances of the Emigration from Ireland and the Work of the Catholic Social Welfare Bureau for Irish Catholic Emigrants’, Social Compass, 3, no. 5 (1955), 176–86.

Guinnane, Timothy W., The Vanishing Irish: Households, Migration, and the Rural Economy in Ireland, 1850–1914 (Princeton, 1997).

Gwynn, Denis, ‘The Irish Immigration’, in G. A. Beck (ed.), The English Catholics, 1850–1950 (London, 1950), 265–90.

(p.216) Hannan, Damian F., Displacement and Development: Class, Kinship and Social Change in Irish Rural Communities (Dublin, 1979).

—— ‘Kinship, Neighbourhood and Social Change in Irish Rural Communities’, Economic and Social Review, 3, no. 2 (1972), 163–88.

—— ‘Migration Motives and Migration Differentials among Irish Rural Youth’, Sociologia Ruralis, 9, no. 3 (1969), 195–219.

—— ‘Peasant Models and the Understanding of Social and Cultural Change in Rural Ireland’, in P. J. Drudy (ed.), Ireland: Land, Politics and People (Cambridge, 1985) (Irish Studies 2), 141–65.

—— Rural Exodus: A Study of the Forces Influencing the Large‐Scale Migration of Irish Rural Youth (London, 1970).

Hansen, Randall, Citizenship and Immigration in Post‐War Britain (Oxford, 2000).

—— ‘The Politics of Citizenship in 1940s Britain: The British Nationality Act’, Twentieth Century British History, 10, no. 1 (1999), 67–95.

Harrison, Gerry, The Scattering: A History of the London Irish Centre, 1954–2004 (London, 2004).

Harrison, Paul, ‘Culture and Migration: The Irish English’, New Society, 25, no. 272 (1973), 699–702.

Harte, Liam, ‘Immigrant Self‐Fashioning: The Autobiographies of the Irish in Britain, 1856–1943’, in Oonagh Walsh (ed.), Ireland Abroad: Politics and Professions in the Nineteenth Century (Dublin, 2003), 47–61.

—— ‘ “Somewhere Beyond England and Ireland”: Narratives of “Home” in Second‐Generation Irish Autobiography’, Irish Studies Review, 11, no. 3 (2003), 293–305.

Hartigan, Maureen and Hickman, Mary, The History of the Irish in Britain: A Bibliography (London, 1986).

Hastings, Adrian, A History of English Christianity, 1920–2000, 4th edn. (London, 2001).

Heimann, Mary, Catholic Devotion in Victorian England (Oxford, 1995).

Heuston, R. F. V., ‘British Nationality and Irish Citizenship’, International Affairs, 26, no. 1 (1950), 77–90.

Hickey, J. V., The Irish Rural Immigrant and British Urban Society (Taunton, 2005).

Hickman, Mary, ‘Alternative Historiographies of the Irish in Britain: A Critique of the Segregation/Assimilation Model’, in Roger Swift and Sheridan Gilley (eds.), The Irish in Victorian Britain: The Local Dimension (Dublin, 1999), 236–53.

—— The Irish Community in Britain: Myth or Reality? (London, 1996).

—— ‘Migration and Diaspora’, in Joe Cleary and Claire Connolly (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Modern Irish Culture (Cambridge, 2005), 117–36.

—— ‘Reconstructing Deconstructing “Race”: British Political Discourses about the Irish in Britain’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 21, no. 2 (1998). 288–307.

(p.217) —— Religion, Class, and Identity: The State, the Catholic Church, and the Education of the Irish in Britain (Aldershot, 1995).

—— and Walter, Bronwen, Discrimination and the Irish Community in Britain (London, 1997).

—— Morgan, Sarah and Walter, Bronwen, Second‐Generation Irish People in Britain: A Demographic, Socio‐Economic and Health Profile (London, 2001).

Holmes, Colin, John Bull's Island: Immigration and British Society, 1871–1971 (Basingstoke, 1988).

—— A Tolerant Country? Immigrants, Refugees and Minorities in Britain (London, 1991).

Holmes, J. Derek, More Roman than Rome: English Catholicism in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1978).

Hornsby‐Smith, Michael P., ‘Irish Catholics in England: Some Sociological Perspectives’, Social Studies, 6, no. 2 (1979), 177–97.

—— Roman Catholics in England: Studies in Social Structure Since the Second World War (Cambridge, 1987).

—— and Dale, Angela, ‘The Assimilation of Irish Immigrants in England’, British Journal of Sociology, 39, no. 4 (1988), 519–44.

Hughes, Trystan Owain, ‘Anti‐Catholicism in Wales, 1900–1960’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 53, no. 2 (2002), 312–25.

—— ‘Crossing Cultural Boundaries? Irish Catholics and the Welsh Language in the Twentieth Century’, in Pamela O'Neill (ed.), Nation and Federation in the Celtic World (Sydney, 2002), 104–16.

—— ‘When Was Anti‐Catholicism? A Response’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 56, no. 2 (2005), 326–33.

—— Winds of Change: The Roman Catholic Church and Society in Wales, 1916–1962 (Cardiff, 1999).

Isaac, Julius, British Post‐War Migration (Cambridge, 1954).

Jackson, John A., ‘The Irish’, in Ruth Glass (ed.), London: Aspects of Change (London, 1964), 293–308.

—— The Irish in Britain (London, 1963).

—— Report on the Skibbereen Social Survey (Dublin, 1967).

Jacobson, Matthew Frye, Special Sorrows: The Diasporic Imagination of the Irish, Polish, and Jewish Immigrants in the United States, 2nd edn. (Berkeley, 2002).

Jensen, Richard, ‘ “No Irish Need Apply”: A Myth of Victimization’, Journal of Social History, 36, no. 2 (2002), 405–29.

Joyce, Patrick, ‘More Secondary Modern than Postmodern’, Rethinking History, 5, no. 3 (2001), 367–82.

Keane, John B., Many Young Men of Twenty: A Play with Music (Dublin, 1961).

Keating, Joan, ‘Faith and Community Threatened? Roman Catholic Responses to the Welfare State, Materialism and Social Mobility, 1945–62’, Twentieth Century British History, 9, no. 1 (1998), 86–108.

(p.218) Kennedy, Kieran A., Giblin, Thomas and McHugh, Deirdre, The Economic Development of Ireland in the Twentieth Century (London, 1988).

Kenny, Kevin, The American Irish: A History (Harlow, 2000).

—— ‘Diaspora and Comparison: The Global Irish as a Case Study’, Journal of American History, 90, no. 1 (2003), 134–62.

Keogh, Dermot (ed.), A Lost Decade? Emigration, Culture and Society in Ireland in the 1950s (Cork, 2004).

King, Russell and O'Connor, Henrietta, ‘Migration and Gender: Irish Women in Leicester’, Geography, 81, no. 4 (1996), 311–25.

—— Shuttleworth, Ian and Strachan, Alan, ‘The Irish in Coventry: The Social Geography of a Relict Community’, Irish Geography, 22, no. 2 (1989), 64–78.

Lambert, Sharon, Irish Women in Lancashire, 1922–1960: Their Story (Lancaster, 2001).

Layton‐Henry, Zig, The Politics of Immigration: Immigration, ‘Race’ and ‘Race’ Relations in Post‐War Britain (Oxford, 1992).

Lee, J. J., ‘Continuity and Change in Ireland, 1945–70’, in id. (ed.), Ireland, 1945–70 (Dublin, 1979), 166–77.

—— Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society (Cambridge, 1989).

Lees, Lynn Hollen, Exiles of Erin: Irish Migrants in Victorian London (Manchester, 1979).

Light, Dale B., ‘The Role of Irish‐American Organisations in Assimilation and Community Formation’, in P. J. Drudy (ed.), The Irish in America: Emigration, Assimilation and Impact (Cambridge, 1985) (Irish Studies 4), 113–41.

Lunn, Kenneth, ‘ “Good for a Few Hundred at Least”: Irish Labour Recruitment into Britain during the Second World War’, in Patrick Buckland and John Belchem (eds.), The Irish in British Labour History (Liverpool, 1993), 102–14.

Mac Amhlaigh, Dónall, ‘Documenting the Fifties’, Irish Studies in Britain, 14 (1989), 7–13.

McKibbin, Ross, Classes and Cultures: England, 1918–1951 (Oxford, 1998).

McNabb, Patrick, ‘ “Demography” and “Social Structure” ’, in Jeremiah Newman (ed.), The Limerick Rural Survey, 1958–1964 (Tipperary, 1964), 158–219.

MacRaild, Donald M., ‘Irish Immigration and the “Condition of England” Question: The Roots of an Historiographical Tradition’, Immigrants and Minorities, 14, no. 1 (1995), 67–85.

—— Irish Migrants in Modern Britain, 1750–1922 (Basingstoke, 1999).

Meehan, Elizabeth, Free Movement between Ireland and the UK: From the ‘Common Travel Area’ to The Common Travel Area (Dublin, 2000).

Megaw, John, ‘British Subjects and Eire Citizens’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 8, no. 3 (1949), 129–39.

(p.219) Miller, Kerby A., Emigrants and Exiles: Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America (New York, 1985).

Norman, Edward, Roman Catholicism in England (Oxford, 1985).

O'Brien, John A. (ed.), The Vanishing Irish: The Enigma of the Modern World (New York, 1953).

O'Brien, Matthew, ‘Transatlantic Connections and the Sharp Edge of the Great Depression’, in Kevin Kenny (ed.), New Directions in Irish‐American History (Madison, 2003), 78–97.

O'Connor, Kevin, The Irish in Britain (London, 1972).

ÓGráda, Cormac, A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy since the 1920s (Manchester, 1997).

—— and Walsh, Brendan M., ‘The Economic Effects of Emigration: Ireland’, in Beth J. Asch (ed.), Emigration and Its Effects on the Sending Country (Santa Monica, Calif., 1994), 97–152.

O'Grady, Timothy and Pyke, Steve, I Could Read the Sky (London, 1997).

O'Leary, Paul, ‘When Was Anti‐Catholicism? The Case of Nineteenth‐ and Twentieth‐Century Wales’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 56, no. 2 (2005), 308–25.

O'Shea, Kieran, The Irish Emigrant Chaplaincy Scheme in Britain, 1957–82 (Naas, 1985).

Ó Tuathaigh, M. A. G., ‘The Irish in Nineteenth‐Century Britain: Problems of Integration’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 31 (1981), 149–73.

Panayi, Panikos, The Impact of Immigration: A Documentary History of the Effects and Experiences of Immigrants in Britain since 1945 (Manchester, 1999).

Parochus, ‘A Parish Survey’, Clergy Review, 42, no. 8 (1957), 449–56.

Pastoral Letter of Cardinal Griffin, Archbishop of Westminster, for Trinity Sunday, 1955 (London, 1955).

Patterson, Sheila, Dark Strangers, 1st edn. (London, 1963).

—— Immigration and Race Relations in Britain, 1960–1967 (London, 1969).

Paul, Kathleen, ‘A Case of Mistaken Identity: The Irish in Post‐War Britain’, International Labour and Working‐Class History, 49 (1996), 116–42.

—— Whitewashing Britain: Race and Citizenship in the Postwar Era (Ithaca, 1997).

Rex, John, and Moore, Robert, Race, Community and Conflict: A Study of Sparkbrook (London, 1967).

Rose, E. J. B. et al., Colour and Citizenship: A Report on British Race Relations (London, 1969).

Ryan, Liam, ‘Irish Emigration to Britain Since World War II’, in Richard Kearney (ed.), Migrations: The Irish at Home and Abroad (Dublin, 1990), 45–67.

—— ‘Religious Practice Among Irish Emigrants’, Social Studies, 3, no. 2 (1974), 218–25.

(p.220) Ryan, Louise, ‘Family Matters: (E)migration, Familial Networks and Irish Women in Britain’, The Sociological Review, 52, no. 3 (2004), 351–70.

Samuel, Raphael, ‘An Irish Religion’, in id. (ed.), Patriotism: The Making and Unmaking of British National Identity, Vol. 2: Minorities and Outsiders (London, 1987), 94–120.

—— ‘The Roman Catholic Church and the Irish Poor’, in Roger Swift and Sheridan Gilley (eds.), The Irish in the Victorian City (London, 1985), 267–300.

Schrier, Arnold, Ireland and the American Emigration, 1850–1900 (Minneapolis, 1958).

Scott, George, The RCs: A Report on Roman Catholics in Britain Today (London, 1967).

Sewell, Dennis, Catholics: Britain's Largest Minority (London, 2001).

Sexton, J. J., ‘Emigration and Immigration in the Twentieth Century: An Overview’, in J. R. Hill (ed.), A New History of Ireland, Vol. 7: Ireland, 1921–1984 (Oxford, 2003), 796–825.

Sharratt, Bernard, ‘English Roman Catholicism in the 1960s’, in Adrian Hastings (ed.), Bishops and Writers: Aspects of the Evolution of Modern English Catholicism (Wheathampstead, 1977), 127–58.

Spencer, A. E. C. W., ‘The Catholic Community as a British Melting Pot’, New Community, 2, no. 2 (1973), 125–31.

—— ‘The Demography and Sociography of the Roman Catholic Community of England and Wales’, in Laurence Bright and Simon Clements (eds.), The Commited Church (London, 1966), 60–85.

—— ‘The Newman Demographic Survey, 1953–1963: Reflection on the Birth, Life and Death of a Catholic Institute for Socio‐Religious Research’, Social Compass, 11, nos. 3–4 (1964), 31–7.

—— Notes on the Statistics of the Dioceses of England and Wales (Taunton, 2005).

—— ‘The Post‐War Growth of the Catholic Child Population of England and Wales’, in Catholic Education Council, Catholic Education: A Handbook, 1960/61 (London, 1960), 18–29.

Spencer, Ian R. G., British Immigration Policy Since 1939: The Making of Multiracial Britain (London, 1997).

Spinley, B. M., The Deprived and the Privileged: Personality Development in English Society (London, 1953).

Stevenson, Robert L., Shall I Emigrate? (Dublin, [1965]).

Strachan, Alan, ‘Post‐War Irish Migration and Settlement in England and Wales’, in Russell King (ed.), Contemporary Irish Migration (Dublin, 1991), 21–31.

Swift, Roger and Gilley, Sheridan (eds.), The Irish in Britain, 1815–1939 (London, 1989).

—— —— (eds.), The Irish in Victorian Britain: The Local Dimension (Dublin, 1999).

(p.221) —— —— (eds.), The Irish in the Victorian City (London, 1985).

Travers, Pauric, ‘ “The Dream Gone Bust”: Irish Responses to Emigration, 1922–60’, in Oliver MacDonagh and W. F. Mandle (eds.), Irish‐Australian Studies (Canberra, 1989), 318–42.

—— ‘ “There Was Nothing For Me There”: Irish Female Emigration, 1922–71’, in Patrick O'Sullivan (ed.), Irish Women and Irish Migration (London, 1995), 146–67.

Walshaw, R. S., Migration to and from the British Isles: Problems and Policies (London, 1941).

Walter, Bronwen, ‘Ethnicity and Irish Residential Distribution’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, new ser., 11, no. 2 (1986), 131–46.

—— Outsiders Inside: Whiteness, Place and Irish Women (London, 2000).

—— ‘Time‐Space Patterns of Second‐Wave Irish Immigration into British Towns’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, new ser., 5, no. 3 (1980), 297–317.

—— ‘Tradition and Ethnic Interaction: Second‐Wave Irish Settlement in Luton and Bolton’, in Colin Clarke, David Ley, and Ceri Peach (eds.), Geography and Ethnic Pluralism (London, 1984), 258–83.

Ward, Conor K., Priests and People: A Study in the Sociology of Religion (Liverpool, 1965).

Waters, Chris, ‘ “Dark Strangers” in Our Midst: Discourses of Race and Nation in Britain, 1947–1963’, Journal of British Studies, 36, no. 2 (1997), 207–38.

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Whooley, Finbarr, Irish Londoners: Photographs from the Paddy Fahey Collection (Stroud, 1997).

Yans‐McLaughlin, Virginia, ‘Metaphors of Self in History: Subjectivity, Oral Narrative, and Immigration Studies’, in id. (ed.), Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics (New York, 1990), 254–90.

(I) Unpublished Theses, Reports and Lectures

Hall, Reginald Richard, ‘Irish Music and Dance in London, 1890–1970: A Social and Cultural History’ (D.Phil. thesis, University of Sussex, 1994), 311.

Hannan, Damian F., ‘Irish Emigration Since the War’ (typescript of RTE Thomas Davis Lecture, [1973]).

MacDermott, Michael, ‘Irish Catholics and the British Labour Movement: A Study with Particular Reference to London, 1918–1970’ (MA thesis, University of Kent, 1979).

O'Connor, Henrietta, ‘Women Abroad: The Life Experiences of Irish Women in Leicester’ (M. Litt. thesis, Trinity College Dublin, 1993).

(p.222) Ryan, William, ‘Assimilation of Irish Immigrants in Britain’ (Ph.D thesis, St Louis University, 1973).

Walter, Bronwen, ‘The Geography of Irish Migration to Britain Since 1939, with Special Reference to Luton and Bolton’ (D.Phil thesis, University of Oxford, 1978).

Whelan, B. J. and Hughes, J. G., ‘A Survey of Returned and Intending Emigrants in Ireland’ (Report Prepared for the EEC Study of Housing Conditions of Migrant Workers, 1976).

Ziesler, Kaja Irene, ‘The Irish in Birmingham, 1830–1970’ (Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham, 1989).

(J) Documentary Films

The Irishmen: An Impression of Exile (Dir: Philip Donnellan, BBC, not transmitted, 1965).