In contrast to inculpating mistakes which are asserted by those whose claims are based on carelessness or faulty decision of the mistaken party, alleviating mistakes are asserted by the mistaken party as justifications for receiving relief. When law asserts how legal rule may applied only after satisfying the prerequisite of a state of mind or an intent, claims to forgiveness or to reversal in alleviating mistakes may be brought about. While this book has attempted to discuss how the law takes on such mistakes within the structure of today's substantive law, this chapter analyzes both the similarities and differences in function in the operation of such rules, looks into the development of alleviating mistakes, and also identifies some reasons for such development.
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