Schemata and Principles: From Pure Concepts to Objective Judgments
In this chapter, Kant begins the Analytic of Principles by reminding us of the classical divisions of logic into the theories of concepts, judgments, and inferences, corresponding to a division of ‘the higher faculties of cognition’ into ‘understanding, the power of judgment, and reason’ all three of which ‘are comprehended under the broad designation of understanding in general’. On Kant's account, the forms of judgment are implicated whenever concepts are in play. The focus of the Transcendental Deduction has been on the role of the understanding as primarily a faculty of concepts insofar as they function as rules guiding perceptual synthesis. Transcendental logic, we recall, is a pure specialized logic. In essence, it is the general theory of humanly possible conceptualizations of objects given in intuition. The Transcendental Analytic carries on for a bit afterwards, but the System of Principles essentially rounds off the constructive moment of the First Critique. Kant's reflections and arguments are complicated, and our exploration of them will consequently occupy us for quite a while.
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