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The Hindu EquilibriumIndia c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.$
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Deepak Lal

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275793

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275793.001.0001

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Polity and Society in British India

Polity and Society in British India

(p.121) 5 Polity and Society in British India
The Hindu Equilibrium

Deepak Lal (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the question of whether the British succeeded in altering the living conditions of the mass of the Indian people, and whether this latest foreign assault on the Hindu equilibrium established at the beginning of the Christian era was any more successful in altering the basic parameters of India's polity, society, and economy than its predecessor. The British conquest of India was virtually completed by 1818. Acquired by a band of foreign merchants, Britain's Indian empire at that date ran along the coast from Bengal to Gujarat except for the territorial pockets of Portuguese Goa and French Pondicherry, which were in the hands of the other two European powers who had established footholds in India's coastal economies.

Keywords:   British rule, colonial rule, law and order, land tenure, revenue, social reform, education, nationalist movement

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