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Policing World SocietyHistorical Foundations of International Police Cooperation$
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Mathieu Deflem

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199274710

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274710.001.0001

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The Origins of Interpol

The Origins of Interpol

(p.124) 5 The Origins of Interpol
Policing World Society

Mathieu Deflem

Oxford University Press

The International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) was established at the International Police Congress in Vienna in 1923. Refounded after World War II, the Commission was renamed as the International Criminal Police Organization, abbreviated as ICPO-Interpol, under which label it has acquired worldwide fame. This chapter focuses on Interpol, the conditions of its founding, and the goals and means of its organization. It also considers its development in the light of the theoretical model of bureaucratic autonomy, investigating comparatively the International Police Conference, which was founded in New York at the same time as the ICPC, but failed to develop as a durable organization of international cooperation.

Keywords:   International Criminal Police Commission, ICPC, International Police Congress, International Criminal Police Organization, ICPO-Interpol, Interpol, bureaucratic autonomy, International Police Conference

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