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Second PhilosophyA Naturalistic Method$
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Penelope Maddy

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273669

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.001.0001

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The logical structure of cognition

The logical structure of cognition

Chapter:
(p.245) III.5 The logical structure of cognition
Source:
Second Philosophy
Author(s):

Penelope Maddy (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0019

This chapter draws heavily on recent work in developmental psychology to argue that humans infants, without instruction, given ordinary maturation in an normal environment, come to perceive a world of so-called Spelke objects (discrete, spatiotemoporally continuous items that undergo continuous motion) that enjoy properties, stand in relations, and exhibit ground-consequent dependencies. There is considerable evidence that humans enjoy these cognitive abilities due to evolutionary pressures. Thus, the Second Philosopher fine-tunes the last two components of her account to read: humans believe rudimentary logic because their cognitive apparatus allows them to detect KF-structures in the world, and humans are so-configured because they live in a largely KF-world and interact almost exclusively with its KF-features.

Keywords:   developmental psychology, evolution, infant studies, KF-structure, properties, relations, Spelke object

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