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Second PhilosophyA Naturalistic Method$
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Penelope Maddy

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273669

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.001.0001

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The logical structure of cognition

The logical structure of cognition

(p.245) III.5 The logical structure of cognition
Second Philosophy

Penelope Maddy (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter draws heavily on recent work in developmental psychology to argue that humans infants, without instruction, given ordinary maturation in an normal environment, come to perceive a world of so-called Spelke objects (discrete, spatiotemoporally continuous items that undergo continuous motion) that enjoy properties, stand in relations, and exhibit ground-consequent dependencies. There is considerable evidence that humans enjoy these cognitive abilities due to evolutionary pressures. Thus, the Second Philosopher fine-tunes the last two components of her account to read: humans believe rudimentary logic because their cognitive apparatus allows them to detect KF-structures in the world, and humans are so-configured because they live in a largely KF-world and interact almost exclusively with its KF-features.

Keywords:   developmental psychology, evolution, infant studies, KF-structure, properties, relations, Spelke object

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