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Land and RevolutionNationalist Politics in the West of Ireland 1891-1921$
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Fergus Campbell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273249

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273249.001.0001

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The ‘Western Problem’: Land and Politics in Connacht, 1891–1899

The ‘Western Problem’: Land and Politics in Connacht, 1891–1899

Chapter:
(p.8) 1 The ‘Western Problem’: Land and Politics in Connacht, 1891–1899
Source:
Land and Revolution
Author(s):

Fergus Campbell (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273249.003.0002

This chapter describes the social and economic circumstances in which the people of the west of Ireland lived in the 1890s. The essence of the western problem was the juxtaposition of vast tracts of untenanted grazing land, occupied by landlords and graziers, next to the plots of impoverished small farmers, with insufficient land to provide them with a reasonable standard of living. The transformation of the agricultural economy in the decades following the Great Famine (1845-9) created the circumstances in which smallholders lived in the 1890s.

Keywords:   poverty, west of Ireland, smallholders, Great famine, United Irish League, land distribution, housing

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