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Labour Law in an Era of GlobalizationTransformative Practices and Possibilities$

Joanne Conaghan, Richard Michael Fischl, and Karl Klare

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199271818

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271818.001.0001

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(p.535) Index

(p.535) Index

Source:
Labour Law in an Era of Globalization
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Acquired Rights Directive (EC) 364–5
Adouiand Cornuaille v. Belgium (EQ) 327–8
Affirmative Action 77
African National Congress (ANC) 86,515
Aguilar Camin, H. 404,407
Albo, G. 212
Alemán, Miguel 402
Allied Chemical and Alkali Workers v. Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. (US) 425
All-Japan Dock-workers’ Union 384
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) 348,420–1,446
Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 (ADAXUS) 434
Amsterdam Treaty 304–6,334,494
Anderson, B. 321
Anguiano, A. 405
Anti-discrimination law 38, 240, 246, 261–2,264,279,294,297
Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 (ADAXUS) 434
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOO(US) 434
Family and Medical Leave Act 1993 (US 434
Immigrants 304,308,316–17
Marshall II case (UK) 501
Title VH of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (US) 243
Union contracts 432–3
Anti-union disairnination
Associated British Ports v. Palmer and others (UK) 366
NLRA 254
Apparel Industry Partnership (AIP)(US) 486
Arbitration
South Africa 77
Arthurs, H. W. 159–60,167,169,171,197–8, 381,388
Asian workers in US
Garment industry 422
Silicon Valley 242,243–4, 244–5
Associated British Ports v. Palmer and others (UK) 366
Associated Newspapers Ltd. v. Wilson (UK) 366
At-will employment, see Employment-at- Will
Atleson, J. 254, 264
Austria 370
Avis du Comité de Régions (EU) 306
Barassi, Ludovico 42
Barlow, Anne 57–8
Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 (BCEA) (South Africa) 76–7,81, 87, 91
Baskin, Jeremy 159–63
Basset, P. 353
Belgium
Adoui and Cornuaille v. Belgium (ECJ) 327–8
Defrenne v. SABENA (No. 2) (ECJ) 491, 492,498
Dehaene, Jean-Luc 331
Unions 355,371,373
Benhabib, S. 439
Beveridge Report (UK) 185–8
Bill of Rights (South Africa) 78–9,522
Blair, Tony 199,450,451,461
Bosman, Union Royale Beige des Societes de Football Association v. (EQ) 329
Bowles, S. 212–13
Brenner, Robert 203–4,212
Bretton Woods 8,110,155
Britain, See United Kingdom (UK)
British Columbia, Canada
BC Federation of Labour 389
Eldridge v. British Columbia 525
British Equal Opportunities Commission (BEOC) 507
Calles, Plutarco Elías 407–8
Canada
Charlottetown Accord 514
Charter of Rights and Freedoms 79, 368–9,386,514,517
Constitution 512–13
Daishowa Inc. v. Friends of the Lubicon 388–9
Family tax credit 69
Hersees of Woodstock v. Goldstein 388
Human rights 512
Labour Relations Act 1995 361,374
Lavigne v. Ontario Public Service Employees Union et al. 374
Medical Services Commission 525
Rand Formula (1980 Labour Relation Act) 374
Secondary and sympathy strikes 385, 394
Strike policy 386,387,392
Supreme Court 374,387,388
Unions 355,361,369,373
Voluntary corporate codes 485
CappeUetti, M. 496–7
Cárdenas, Cuauhtemoc 403–6
Cárdenas, Lazaro 403,408,409,415
Carranza, Venustiano 406,407
Casa del Obrero Mundial (Mexico) 406,407
Casar, M. A. 401
Castaneda, Jorge 21
Cave, A. 353
Cella, G. 358
Central Arbitration Committee (CAC) (UK) 461
Charlottetown Accord (Canada) 514
Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Canada) 79,368–9,386
Chaskalson, A. 523
Chiapas, Mexico 406
Child labour 293,380
Childcare 58–9,128,355,452
Children’s Tax Credit (UK) 68
China 143
Choice of law 280–1
Citizenship 13, 95,106–14,322,336,337–8, 339–40,344–5,468,511,512,515–16, 52 34
Aliens 343
Maastricht Treaty (EU) 324–5
Mexico 112–13
‘Second-class’ citizenship 340–2
UK 71
Citizenship Project, Teamsters 421
Claiborne Hardware, NAACP v. (US) 390–1
Coase, R.H. 181–2
Coates, David 210
Collective bargaining 13,15–16,150,154, 160,193–4,197–3,200,201,267,269, 279,281,291,353–4,358–9,360, 72, 436,456–8,461–2,511
Employment relationship 362
Privatization 363–4
Mexico 409
Collins, H. 198,200–1
Colosio, Luis Donaldo 402
Commission for Conciliation, Mediation & Arbitration (CCMA) (South Africa) 77
Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act (South Africa) 88
Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro 316
Confederation of South African Employers (COFESA) 86–3
Confederation of Workers of Mexico (CTM) 406,408,410–11
Contingent Work and Workers 118,238, 362
Corrada, R. 270
Cosmopolitanism 440–5
Council on Economic Priorities 485
Countervailing Workers’ Power (CVWP) 7, 8,17–18,167
Covenants not to compete 247–50,273–4
see also Trade secrets
Crespo, J.A. 402,413
Crowley steel works (UK) 475,477
Custodial workers
Justice for Janitors campaign (US) 418–20,421
Silicon Valley 246–7
D’Antona, M. 314
Daishowa Inc. v. Friends of the Lubicon (Canada) 388–9
De Klerk, F. W. 515
de la Madrid, Miguel 402–3,412
(p.537) De Sousa Santos, B. 473
DeSwaan, A. 321–2
Defrenne v. SABENA (No. 2) (ECJ) 491,492, 498
Dehaene, Jean-Luc 331
Delors, J. 323
Dentsu case (Japan) 222
Díaz Ordaz, Gustavo 403
Diseases, work-related 230–1
Dispute acts (Japan) 389,393,394
Donà v. Mantero (ECJ) 329,330
Dowd v. ILA (US) 393
Drake v. Chief Adjudication Officer (ECJ) 332
Drucker, P. 214
Dual Citizenship 306
Duncan, Simon 57–8
Durazo, Maria Elena 420
Durkheim, Emile 228–30
Echeverría, Luis 412
Economy
Italian (shadow) 303,309–10,313
Japanese 139
US 139
Education in the UK 453
Edward J. DeBartolo Corp. v. Florida Gulf Coast Building & Construction Trades Council (US) 390
Egypt, Trade Unions 287,295
Eldridge v. British Columbia (Canada) 525
Emigration, See Immigration
Employee, legal definition
Italy 32,35
South Africa 75,81–5,91–2
Employee rights
Italy 366
South Africa 78–9
Sweden 366,370–1
UK 365
Employer associations
Chamber of Economic Associations (Israel) 370
Confederation of South African Employers (COFESA) 86–8
Confindustria (Italy) 37–8
Employer self-regulation, See Voluntary corporate codes
Employment Appeal Tribunal (UK) The Post Office v. Roberts 462
Employment-at-will 259–61,263,268,270, 272–3, 274
Employment Conditions Commission (South Africa) 91
Employment contract 15,39,83,177–96, 205–6,233–5,260,395,459–60,466–7
Associated British Ports v. Palmer and others (UK) 366
Associated Newspapers Ltd. v. Wilson (UK) 366
Employment equity 260–5
Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 (EEA) (South Africa) 76–7,81
Employment Relations Act 1999 (UK) 191, 461
Employment through the Labour-Only Contractors Law (Israel) 363
England, See United Kingdom (UK)
Entrepreneur 16,248
Epstein, R. 260, 266
Equal employment opportunity 240,465 See also Employment equity
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (US) 434
Equal pay, See Women
Equal Pay and Equal Treatment Directives (EU) 491,501
Estreicher S. 353
Ethical Trading Initiative 485
European Community (EC) 27,28
Acquired Right Directive 364–5
‘Imagined’ 321,323
Treaty 26
European Court of Human Rights 359,502
Young, James and Webster 359
European Court of Justice (ECJ) 41,44,46, 324,326,502,503–4,505,507–9
Adoui and Cornuaille v. Belgium 327–8
Bosman, Union Royale Beige des Societes de Football Association v. 329
Defrenne v. SABENA (No. 2) 491,492, 498
Donà v. Mantero 329,330
Drake v. Chief Adjudication Officer 332
Hoekstra (née linger) v. Bestuur der Bedrijfsvereniging voor Detailhandel en Ambachten 326
Johnson v. Chief Adjudication Officer 331–3
Katsikas v. Konstantinidis 365
Nolte v. Landesversicherungsanstalt Hannover 326,332
Rummler v. Dato-Druck GmbH 500
Steymann v. Staatssecretaris von Justitie 333,335
Van Gend en Loos 492
(p.538) European Economic Community (EEC) 489
European Parliament 25,33,41,325
European Union (EU) 33–4, 38,46
Avis du Comité de Régions 306
Directive 79/7 332
Equal Pay and Equal Treatment Directives 491,501
Harmonization of laws 41–2
Immigration policies 300, 301, 303–6
Maastricht Treaty 323,324–5, 327
Part-Time Workers Directive 65
Regulations 1408/71 and 1612/68,326
Treaty of Amsterdam 304–6,334,494
Works Councils/Works Councils Directive 201–3, 207,211, 217,465
Eurosclerosis 9
External bond syndrome 46
Fahlbeck, R. 363,370
Fairness at Work (UK White Paper) 53
Family and Medical Leave Act 1993 (US) 434
Family-friendly policies 8
Work-Family relationship 55–6, 66–9, 72
Family Tax Credit (Canada) 69
Federal Labour Law (Mexico) 409,414
Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 329
Feher, M. 441
Feminization of labour 117–22,129–30
Flores, Victor 416
Fotonovella 419
Fox, Vicente 21,415–16
France 32
Adoui and Cornuaille v. Belgium (EC]) 327–8
Droit du travail 32
Droit de I’emploi 32
Employee rights 365–6,372–3
Overtime 225
Union subsidies 375
Unions 355,373
Women 506
Fredman, S. 366–7
Free association 80,144,152–6,366,386, 457, 513
Free market 94, 99–100
Free trade 23–4, 46,139–40,144
Freeman, R. 265–6,271
Fukuyama, F. 353
Galbraith, James 164–5
Gamble, A. 212–13
Gates, J. 212–13
Gender equality, see Women—Equal pay and treatment
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 24,403
General Confederation of Workers and Peasants of Mexico (CGOCM) 408
General Sick Fund (Israel) 356–7,361
Germany
Collective bargaining 372–3
Employment growth 164
Immigration 300
Katsikas v. Konstantinidis (ECJ) 365,366
Overtime 225
Rummler v. Dato-Druck GmbH (ECJ) 500
Strike policy 396
Unemployment 164
Unions 356,367,369,372,375
Welfare state 209
Women 506
Workers’ Councils 370–1
Giddens, Anthony, See Third Way’;
Gintis, H. 212–13
Global economic integration 143–4
Great Britain, See United Kingdom
Greece, Immigration 306
Harlow, C 501–3
Harmonization of laws (EU) 41–2
Harper, M. 445
Health care 525–8,531,533
Henwood, D. 217
Hepple, R. 366–7,399
Hernandez Galicia, Joaquin 405
Hersees of Woodstock v. Goldstein (Canada) 388
Hewlett-Packard 243,245
Hirschman, A. 132
Histadrut Party (Israel) 357,363
Histadrut union (Israel) 289,295,356–7, 361,368, 370,372,374,375
Hitachi, Inc., Tanaka v. Qapan) 225
Hoekstra (née linger) v. Bestuur der Bedrijfsvereniging voor Detailhandel en Ambachten 326
Hollinger, D. 441
Home aide workers 20–3, 26, 28
Hossfeld, K 241–2
(p.539) Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (US) 420
House of the World Worker, See Casa del Obrero Mundial (Mexico)
Household work 19–20, 66,101,122, 126–30,136
see also Unpaid work
Housewives, in EU 331, 333,335
Human Resource Management (HRM) 259, 269,458
Human rights 145,147, 223, 344, 379, 382, 399, 474,478,486, 518
Basic Laws on Human Rights (Israel) 513–14
Canada 512
European Court of 359, 502
Human Rights Act 1998 (UK) 468
Israel 512
Limburg Principles (UN) 519
Maastricht Treaty 519
South Africa 512
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 500,512,518
INTELL xv-xvii
Cape Town Conference (1999) 260
Toronto Conference (2000) 159
Identity-based organizing
Critique of 430, 437
Definition 417–18,429–30
Empowerment of immigrants 423–4
Women 421
Iglesias, E. 445
Immigrants, in general 95
Anti-discrimination law 304,308, 316–17
Central American 246
Citizenship 342–3
Identity-based organizing 423–4
Italy 299–303
Latino 418–20
Salvadoran 419
Union organizing 418–20,423–4
Women 419
Immigration 110,111,301
Border control 300,302,308
European Union (EU) 299,300, 301, 303–6
Germany 300
Israel 286–7
NAFTA 111
Transit areas 300
Independent contractors 13
South Africa 81–5,87–8, 88–92
see also Self-employed
Industrial relocation 287
Industrial Workers of the World 383
Injuries in the workplace
Japan 226
South Africa 88
Innoue, T. 229
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)(Mexico) 112,401,402,410–11, 412,413,415–16
International Chamber of Commerce 474
International Labour Conference 80–1
International Labour Organization (ILO) 76,283
Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work 148–9
Freedom of Association Convention 80, 359–60,379,397
International labour standards 380–1
Japan 219
Maternity Protection 80
Private Employment Agencies Convention 362
South Africa 80–1,88,161–3,167
Transnational corporations 474
Unfair dismissals 77
Women’s rights 131
World Labour Report 1997–8 355,356
International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) 383
International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) 391
East Coast ILA 393
Dowd v. ILA (US) 393
ILA v. Allied International Inc. (US) 391
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 147, 216,403,405
International Standards Organization 485
International Trade Secretariats 384
International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) 382
Internationalism 380
Israel
Aircraft industry 366
Basic Laws on human rights 513
Beth-Shaan 280,291,297
Chamber of Economic Associations 370
Collective bargaining, non-union 372–3, 374
Constitution 512–13
Employment and labour standards 284
Employment through the Labour-Only Contractors Law 363
General Sick Fund 356–7,361
(p.540) Histadrut Party (One Israel) 357,363
Histadrut union 289,295,356–7,361, 368,370,372,374,375
Health care 525–6
Human rights 512
Immigration and migration 286–7
Industrial relocation 287
Knesset 357,368,375
Labour party 290
Likud party 290
Minister of Labour 370
National Health Insurance Law 356–7, 361,367,375,525
National Labour Court 366
Peace process 283–8,296
Supreme Court 513,529–30
Unions 356–7,367,374
Italy 33–5
Civil Code, Article 2087 43–4
Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro 316
Confindustria 37–8
Constitution, Articles 4 and 35 47
Constitutional Court 374
Employee rights 366
European Court of Justice 41
Harmonization/Integration into European Union 40–2
Iva Party 35
Law 396 (1997) 38
Referendum of June 1995 37
Statute of Workers’ Rights 1970 374
Strike policy 361,398
Unemployment 48
Iva party 35
Japan
All-Japan Dockworkers’ Union 384
Dispute acts 389,393,394
Economy 139
Hitachi, Inc., Tanaka v. 225–6
Karojisatsu (suicide from overwork) 222–3,226–7,229,230,231
Karoshi (death from overwork) 220–2, 226–7,229, 230,231
Labour force survey 224
Labour Standards Act 224–6
Labour Standards Inspection Office 226
Management and Coordination Agency 223
Ministry of Labour 223,226
Monthly Labour Survey 223
Strikes:
Political 398;
Secondary and Sympathy strikes 385
Supreme Court, First Petty Bench 225–6
Welfare state 209
Workers’ Accident Compensation Law 227
Workmen’s Compensation Insurance Act 226
Workplace 219
Job security 16,197,233–7,272–5,464
Johnson v. Chief Adjudication Officer (ECJ) 331–3
Jonguitud Barrios, Carlos 405
Jordan
Irbid 280,292
Trade Unions 287,295
Jordan, Michael 141
Just-in-Time (JIT) inventory-purchasing system 458
Kahn-Freund, Otto 160,163,165,169, 171–2,200,497–9
Karojisatsu (suicide from overwork), See Japan
Karoshi (death from overwork), see Japan
Karst, K. 341,342
Katsikas v. Konstantinidis (ECJ) 365
Kawahito, H. 222
Kelly, G. 212–13
Kelly, J. 353,354,355
Kennedy, Duncan 3,128,171–2,267
Kim, P. 266 Knesset (Israel) 357,368,375
Krugman, Paul 145
Kymlicka, W. 339
Laborista Mexicano 407
Labour, Department of (South Africa) 75–6,87, 91
Labour Court (South Africa) 81
Labour Party (Israel) 290
Labour Party (UK) 53–73,210
Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 (LRA) (South Africa) 76–80,81
Labour Relations Act 1995 (Canada) 361, 374
Labour Standards Act (Japan) 224
Lavigne v. Ontario Public Service Employees Union et al. (Canada) 374
Law Commission (South Africa) 515
Lee, E. 154
Lee, Natalie 69
Legal realists 96
Legrand, P. 497,502
Likud (Israel) 290
Limburg Principles (UN) 519
(p.541) Liverpool (UK) 382–3
Loaeza, S. 403
Longbridge Rover plant (UK) 207
López Mateos, Adolf o 408
López Portillo, Jose 402,403,412
Los Angeles County, California (US)
Home aide workers 20–3,26,28
Justice for Janitors campaign 418–20,421
Lupu, I. 445
Maastricht Treaty (EU) 323,324–5
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green (US) 265
McGinley, A. 264
Macneil, Ian 181
Madala, T. 523
Malik v. Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (UK) 462
Marsden, David 183
Marshall II case 501
Marshall, T. H. 322–3,339
Marx, Karl 13
Maternity 60–3,128,133–4,192,355
ILO 80
Medical Services Commission (Canada) 525
Meidner, R. 212
Meiksins Wood, Ellen 210
Merseyside dockers (longshoremen), See United Kingdom (UK)
Mexican immigrants (US) 21,111–13,242, 244,246–7
Mexican Regional Confederation of Workers (CROM) 407
Mexican revolution 407
Mexico 21
Alemán, Miguel 402
Calles, Plutarco Ellas 407–8
Cárdenas, Cuauhtemoc 403–6
Cárdenas, Lazaro 403,408,409,415
Carranza, Venustiano 406,407
Casa del Obrero Mundial (House of the World Worker) 406,407
Castañeda, Jorge 21
Chiapas 406
Colosio, Luis Donaldo 402
Confederation of Workers of Mexico (CTM) 406,408,410–11
de la Madrid, Miguel 402–3,412
Devaluation of the currency 406,412
Díaz Ordaz, Gustavo 403
Echeverría, Luis 412
Federal Labour Law 409,414
Flores, Victor 416
Fox, Vicente 21,415–16
General Confederation of Workers and Peasants of Mexico (CGOCM) 408
Hernandez Galicia, Joaquin 405
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) 112,401,402,410–11,412,413, 415–16
Jonguitud Barrios, Carlos 405
Laborista Mexicano 407
López Mateos, Adolf o 408
López Portillo, Jose 402,403,412
Mexican Regional Confederation of Workers (CROM) 407
Mexican Revolution 407
Morones, Luis N. 407–8
National Action Party (PAN) 112,404, 406,415–16
National Democratic Front (FDN) 404
National Solidarity Programme (PRONASOL) 405
National Union of Workers (UNT) 414
Obregón, Álvaro 407–8
Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) 113,415
Party of the Mexican Revolution (PRM) 408
Revolutionary Confederation of Workers and Peasants (CROC) 411
Ruiz Massieu, Jose Francisco 402
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos 404–5,413
Tlateloco 403
Toledano, Vicente Lombardo 408
Trade Unions 401
Velázquez, Fidel 406,408,414
Workers Authentic Front (FAT) 414
Workers’ rights 409
Zedillo, Ernesto 406,414
Meyer, L. 404,411,412–13
Middle-East, See Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Syria
Migration, See Immigration
Milan Pact of 1 February 2000 316–17
Miller, D. 347–8
Minimum wage 161,279
Minns, R. 212–13
Mishel, L. 208
Moody, K. 382,383
Morgenstern, F. 396
Morgentaler, R. v. (Canada) 524
Morones, Luis N. 407–8
Most-favoured-nation status (MFN) 26
Multinational Enterprises (MNE) 27
NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. (US) 390–1
NLRB v. Fruit & Vegetable Packers Warehousemen (US) 390
NLRB v. Hendricks County REMC (US) 255
NLRB v. Town and Country Electric (US) 428
NLRB v. Wooster Div. of Borg-Warner Corp. (US) 425
Nassif, A. 408
National Action Party (PAN) 112,404,406, 415–16
National Childcare Strategy (UK) 59
National Democratic Front (FDN) (Mexico) 404
National Health Insurance Law (Israel) 356–7,361,367,375,525
National Insurance Act (UK) 184
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) (US) 11, 260, 264,431
Dowd v. ILA 393–4
Employee reinstatement 256–8, 267–9, 271
NLRB v. Fruit & Vegetable Packers Warehousemen (US) 390
NLRB v. Hendricks County REMC (US) 255
NLRB v. Town and Country Electric (US) 428
NLRB v. Wooster Div. of Borg-Warner Corp. (US), 425
Sections 7 and 8 253–5,390,392,393
Section 10(c) 256
Section 10(l) 393–4
Strike policy 390–4
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) (US) 253–5,263
Wright Line (US) 265
National Labour Court (Israel) 366
National Minimum Wage Act (NMWA) (UK) 63, 70
National Solidarity Programme (PRONA- SOL) (Mexico) 405
National Union of Workers (UNT) (Mexico) 414
Nationality and national identity, See Citizenship
Neptune Jade 383–4
New Deal for Lone Parents (UK) 67
New Labour, See Labour Party (UK)
New Zealand 361
Nolte v. Landesversicherungsanstalt Hannover (ECJ) 326
Non-governmental Organizations (NGO) 27,147
Nordic unions, 369–70
Norman, W. 339
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) 40,46–7,111
Labor side agreement (NAALC) 381,415
National Administrative Office (NAO) 415
Norway 312
Unions 355, 370
Nussbaum, Martha 348
Obregón, Álvaro 407–8
One Israel party (Histadrut) 357,363
Ontario Court of Appeals (Canada)
Hersees of Woodstock v. Goldstein 388
Ontario Court of Justice (Canada)
Daishowa Inc. v. Friends of the Lubicon 388–9
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 141,474, 476
Oshima, Ichiro 222
Overtime
France 225
Germany 225
Japan 224
Palestinian Federation of Trade Unions (PGFTU), 295
Palmer, Ingrid 134
Parental leave 61
Partnership between workers and employees, See Worker participation
Part-Time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations (UK) 63–5, 70
(p.543) Part-Time Workers Directive (EU) 65
Part-time workers 17, 75–6, 332
Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) (Mexico) 113,415
Party of the Mexican Revolution (PRM) 408
Peace process (Middle East) 283–8,296
Pepsico, Inc. v. Redmond (US) 248–9
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) (US) 105,109, 110–12
Picketing 395,399
Canada 387–9
Piore, M. 442–3
Political strikes, See Strikes
Portugal, Immigration 306
Posner, R. 353
(The) Post Office v. Roberts (UK) 462
Poulantzas, N. 168–9
Poverty 94, 96–101,452
Privatization 363–4,366
Prostitutes 328,335–6
R. v. Morgentaler (Canada) 524
Race to the bottom 27,286, 292,380
Rand Formula (1980 Labour Relation Act) (Canada) 374
Revolutionary Confederation of Workers and Peasants (CROC) (Mexico) 411
Right to work (right to a job) 35, 317–19
Robertson, R 519
Rodrick, D. 154–5,167
Rogers, J. 265–6,271
Rorty, R. 348
Rosaldo, R. 442
Ruiz Massieu, Jose Francisco 402
Rummler v. Dato-Druck GmbH (EQ) 500
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos 404–5,413
Santa Clara County, California 239
Saxenian, A. 238,243–4
Secondary boycotts, see Strikes—Secondary and sympathy
Self-employment 13,17,32–3,43,179,238
International Labour Conference 80–1
Iva party (Italy) 35
South Africa 87,88–92
US 239
Self-regulation (Employer), See Voluntary corporate codes
Sen, Amartya 152–6,165,354
Sennett, Richard 207
Service Employees International Union (SEIU) 418–20,421
Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (UK) 65,501
Shadow economy 309–10, 313
Silicon VaUey, California 233–51, 273
Simon, Herbert 181–2
Skills Development Act 97 of 1998 (SDA) (South Africa) 76–7,81
Social citizenship, See Citizenship
Social rights, See Human Rights
Soobramoney v. Minister of Health (KwaZulu- Natal) (South Africa) 522–3
South Africa
African National Congress (ANC) 86
Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 (BCEA) 76–7,81,87, 91
Bill of Rights 78–9,522
Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) 77
Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act 88
Confederation of South African Employers (COFESA) 86–8
Constitution 78–80,512–13
Department of Labour 75–6, 87, 91
Employment Conditions Commission 91
Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 (EEA) 76–7,81
Human rights 512
Labour Court 84
Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 (LRA) 76–80,81
Law Commission 515
Skills Development Act 97 of 1998 (SDA) 76–7,81
Soobramoney v. Minister of Health (KwaZulu-Natal) 522–3
Supreme Court of Appeal 88–9
Unemployment 161–2,165
Spain
Immigration 306–8
Rummler v. Dato-Druck GmbH (EQ) 500
Unions 355
Statute of Workers Rights 1970 (Italy) 374
Statuto dei lavoratori (Italy) 34–5
Steymann v. Staatssecretaris von Justitie (ECJ) 333,335
Stone, Katherine V. W. 270,272–4
Streeck W. 367 375
Strikes 10–11, 77,253,274,280,359–61,379, 395
Canada 386
ILO 397
Japan 389,394
Mexico 409
Political 387,391,396–8
(p.544) Secondary and sympathy 379, 384, 386, 387–8, 391–3, 396,399,426,427
US 390
Suicide
Durkheim, Emile 228–30
from overwork (Karojisatsu) (Japan) 222–3,226–7,229,230,231
Supiot, Alain 180
see also Supiot Report
Supiot Report 20,188–9,190,192,195
Supreme Court (Canada) 374,516,520, 524–5
Eldridge v. British Columbia 525
R. v. Morgentaler 524
Supreme Court (Israel) 513,529–30
Supreme Court (US) 256–7,269–70,424–8
Alexander v. Gardner-Denver Co. 269
Allied Chemical and Alkali Workers v. Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 425
Circuit City Stores, Inc. v. Adams 270
Dowd v. ILA 393
Edward ]. DeBartolo Corp.v. Florida Gulf Coast Building & Construction Trades Council 390
Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane Corp. 269
ILA v. Allied International, Inc. 391
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green 265
NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. 390–1
NLRB v. Fruit & Vegetable Packers Warehousemen 390
NLRB v. Hendricks County REMC 255
NLRB v. Town and Country Electric 428
NLRB v. Wooster Div. of Borg-Warner Corp. 425
Supreme Court of Appeal (South Africa) 88–9
Supreme Court First Petty Bench (Japan) 225–6
Sweden 209,212,312
Employee rights, 366,370–1
Strike policy 396
Union dues collection 374–5
Unions 355,363,367,370,371,373
Workers’ Councils 370–1
Syria 284–5
Tanaka v. Hitachi, Inc. (Japan) 225
Taylorism 11,16
Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998 (UK) 453
Teubner, G. 497–500
Thatcher, Margaret, and Thatcherism 360, 366–7,382,383
‘Third Way’ (UK) 57,160,161,167,171, 208,210,449–69
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (US) 243
Tlateloco, Mexico 403
Toledano, Vicente Lombardo 408
Total quality management (TQM) 458
Touraine, Alain 318
Trade secrets 248–51, 273–4 See also Covenants not to compete
Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A) (UK) 366,385–6
Trades Union Congress (TUC) (UK) 62, 65, 201
Trade unions 124,155, 344, 358–359
Egypt 287, 295
Italy 315,316
Jordan 287,295
Mexico 401
Palestinian Federation of Trade Unions (PGFTU) 295
South Africa 86,159
Thatcher, Margaret, and Thatcherism 366–367
Trades Union Congress (TUC) (UK) 62, 65,201
UK 193
see also Unions
Transnational corporations (TNC) 471–6
Transparency 25
Treaty of Amsterdam (EU) 304–6,334,494
Treaty of Rome (EU) 489
Trebilcock, Michael 145
Treu, T. 358
Tsoukalis, K 168–70
Unemployment
Europe 302
Germany 164
Italy 48
(p.545) South Africa 161–2,165
US 236
Unemployment Insurance (UI) (US) 103–6/ 111,113
Uniform Trade Secrets Act (US) 248–50 See also Trade secrets
Union des Associations Europeennes de Football (UEFA) 329
Union Royale Beige de Sociétés de Football Association v. Bosman (ECJ) 329
Unions
Collective bargaining 15,353–4,360, 436
Cooperative action (transnational) 384, 392
Density 5
Dipsute resolution 271–2
Dues 374,424
EC Acquired Rights Directive 364–5, 367
Israel (Histadrut) 289,295
Membership in 355,424
Mexico 410–12
Middle East 294–5
Nordic unions 369–70
Organizing 359–60
Reinstatement of discharged employees 267–9
Solidarity 430–1
State subsidies 374
UK 356,357
Women and minorities 434–5,439–40, 446
United Kingdom (UK) 32,38,53,59
Associated British Ports v. Palmer and others 366
Associated Newspapers Ltd. v. Wilson 366
Beveridge Report 185–8
British Equal Opportunities Commission 507
Challenge Fund 58
Children’s Tax Credit 68
Employee rights 365
Employment Appeal Tribunal 462
Employment Protection Act 1975 461
Employment Relations Act 1999 191, 461
Family-friendly policies 53–73
Human Rights Act 1998 468
Job security 464
Labour Party 53–73,210
Malik v. Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA 462
Marshall II case 501
Maternity rights 60–1, 62,192
Merseyside dockers (longshoremen) 382–3
National Childcare Strategy 59
National Insurance Act 184
National Minimum Wage Act (NMWA) 63, 70,191
New Deal for Lone Parents 67
Parental leave 61
Part-Time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 63–5,70
Secondary and sympathy strikes 384
Sex Discrimination Act 1975 501
Strike policy 360,385–6,398
Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998 453
Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A) 366,385–6
Trades Union Congress (TUC) 62, 65, 201
Unemployment 453–4
Unions 356,367
Worker participation 455–6,459–61
Working Families’ Tax Credit 68
Working Time Regulations 1998 63,66, 70,191,467
Workmen’s compensation 184
United Nations (UN)
Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 512,519
Limburg Principles 519
United States (US, USA) 38
Apparel Industry Partnership (AIP) 486
Economy, 139
Employee, definition of 426
Foreign workers in US 241–3
Immigration 301–2,427
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) 105
Secondary and sympathy strikes 384, 388,392,393,426,427
Silicon Valley, California 233–51,273
Strike policy 390–4
Supreme Court 256–7,269–70,424–8
Unemployment 236
Unemployment insurance 103–6, 111, 113
Unions 373,424–8
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 500,512
Universal worker 431–3
(p.546) Unpaid work 11,19–20,56, 71–2, 96,101, 122–6,126–30,136,322
Unskilled labour, see Janitors, Immigrants, Women
Van Gend en Loos (EQ) 492
Velázquez, Fidel 406,408,414
Verité 485
Villaraigoso, Antonio 21
Vogel-Polsky, Eliane 491
Voluntarism, see Kahn-Freund Otto
Voluntary corporate codes 474–87
Voos, P. 208
Wagner Act 172,386,477
Walby, Sylvia 57, 69
Walker, N. 503
Wallerstein, I. 336
Washington Consensus 98,150–1
Weatherman, Mary 255–7, 259,274–6
Wedderburn, K. W. 75,373–4,381,395
Weiler, P. C. 257,266,267,356,360,368–9, 373
Welfare
Citizenship 106–14
Law and Poverty 96–101
Lawyers 93,109
Reform 8,100,103,107
Services 178
Women 102–3
Williamson, Oliver 181
Women 5,55–8,71–3,75–6,102–3,117–22, 354–5
Adoui and Cornuaille v. Belgium (ECJ) 327–8
Defrenne v. SABENA (No. 2) (EQ) 491, 492,498
EHscrimination 64
Equal pay and equal treatment (EU) 49(M, 499–509
Exploitation of 118,422–3
Gender segregation 122
Immigrants 419–20
Marshall II case (UK) 501
Professionals in Silicon Valley 244–5
Union organizing 422
Unpaid, household work 126–30,187, 322,337–8,432–3
Wood, G. 441
Work, defined 10,72
Work-family relationship 55–6, 60, 66–9, 72,126–30,
Work permits (Italy) 307
Worker 12, 94,101–03
Worker-citizen (EU) 327
Worker participation 44–5,200
Worker representation 18,28,271–2, 508
Worker resistance 10–12, 274–5
Workers’ Accident Compensation Law (Japan) 227
Workers Authentic Front (FAT) (Mexico) 414
Workers compensation (UK) 184
Workers’ rights 199, 201
Italy 374
Mexico 409
Working Families’ Tax Credit (WFTC) (UK) 68
Working Time Regulations 1998 (UK) 63, 66, 70, 467
Workmen’s Compensation Insurance Act (Japan) 226
Works Councils/Work Council Directive (EU) 201–3,207,211,217,465
Germany and Sweden 370–1
UK 457
World Bank 147,171,216
Comprehensive Development Framework 151
State in a Changing Society World Development Report 171
World Health Organization (WHO) 230–1
World Trade Organization (WTO) 6,40, 161,349,380
Wright Line (US) 265
Wrongful discharge 260
Yellow-dog contract 270
Young, I. M. 341
Young, James and Webster (European Court of Human Rights) 359
Zedillo, Ernesto 406,414