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Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal
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Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal: Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy

Patrick Nold


The debate over the poverty of Christ and his apostles under Pope John XXII (1316-1334) is one of the most famous intellectual controversies of the Middle Ages. The story of the uncompromising pope on collision course with a united Franciscan Order has often been told, most memorably by Umberto Eco in The Name of the Rose. In this book, the author sets out to investigate the Franciscan Cardinal Bertrand de la Tour, a man apparently torn between the pope who was his patron and the Order to which he had devoted his life. Until now Bertrand has been considered of little importance, owing to his n ... More

Keywords: apostolic poverty controversy, Franciscan Order, papal infallibility, natural rights theory, William of Ockham, Bertrand de la Tour, Pope John XXII

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2003 Print ISBN-13: 9780199268757
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268757.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Patrick Nold, author
Visiting Professor in History, University of Michigan
Author Webpage