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Shifting Boundaries of the FirmJapanese Company - Japanese Labour$
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Mari Sako

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199268160

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268160.001.0001

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Strategy and Structure at Toyota Group

Strategy and Structure at Toyota Group

(p.92) 4 Strategy and Structure at Toyota Group
Shifting Boundaries of the Firm

Mari Sako (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a historical case study of management and labour at the Toyota Group. It discusses Toyota's business diversification from textile machinery to automobiles, and more recently into other areas such as telecommunications. Compared to Matsushita, Toyota remained focused on automobile production, with a functional organizational structure. Toyota unions were originally factory unions that became unified as an enterprise union in 1950. But unlike at Matsushita, corporate spin-offs led to the establishment of separate enterprise unions, rather than the extension of the focal union's boundary. The chapter also traces parallel developments of consolidation and fragmentation at major suppliers, such as Toyoda Automatic Looms and Aisin.

Keywords:   Toyota Motor, Toyota Union, functional organizational structure, enterprise unions

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