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Framing the Early Middle AgesEurope and the Mediterranean, 400—800$
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Chris Wickham

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199264490

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.001.0001

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Managing the land

Managing the land

(p.259) 5 Managing the land
Framing the Early Middle Ages

Chris Wickham

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with the organization of agricultural production, particularly agriculture, based from the standpoint of landowners. It tries to show how unimportant slave-mode production actually was in the regions studied in the book. The chapter raises two key arguments. The first is that all patterns of direct management are responses to the needs and opportunities of exchange. The second argument holds that the less exchange there is in any given region, the less the need for intense control. The first section of the chapter looks into the early problems faced before the organization of agriculture, such as slavery, different organizations of labour, serfdom of the central ages, manorial system. The second section of the chapter looks into the types of late Roman intensification. The third section looks into the estates in Francia and Italy from 600—800.

Keywords:   agricultural production, organization of agriculture, slave-mode production, serfdom, manorial system, slavery, late Roman intensification, estates in Francia

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