The Failings of Standard Empiricism
This chapter first expresses that standard empiricism does not give justice to the achievements of modern science. The chapter then presents ten problems that standard empiricism cannot solve: the practical, theoretical, and methodological problems of induction; the problem of what simplicity is; the problem of the rationale of preferring simple to complex theories; the problem of the theoretical character of evidence; the problem of the rejection of evidence when it clashes with theory; the problem of the meaning of scientific progress; the problem of progress in knowledge about the nature of fundamental physical entities; and the problem of scientific discovery. Lastly, it concludes that standard empiricism falls on the basis that evidence alone cannot conceivably determine choice of theory in science.
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