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Empires of FaithThe Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700$
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Peter Sarris

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261260

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.001.0001

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The Age of Division

The Age of Division

Chapter:
(p.275) 8 The Age of Division
Source:
Empires of Faith
Author(s):

Peter Sarris

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0009

This chapter details attempts on the part of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire to reverse the Arab conquests. Efforts on the part of the Emperors Constans II and Justinian II to restore Roman control to the occupied territories are examined in detail, and the reasons for their failure elucidated. As divisions within the Arab elite were surmounted, the new political order in the Near East achieved a measure of stability and the world of the Caliphate acquired a more coherent and cohesive identity. The Arab conquest of North Africa effectively put an end to hopes for Byzantine revival, and the war-torn Empire of Constantinople itself entered a period of major internal cultural, ideological, and organizational reconfiguration. With Byzantine control of the central Mediterranean dislocated, the societies of the West would now follow new paths of development

Keywords:   Constans II, Justinian II, Mu’awiya, Abd al Malik, Umayyad caliphate, plague, Byzantium, Islam

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